TASK 4. Translate the following sentences into English.

1. , 䳿 볺 , .

2. , , : .

3. , .

4. , .

5. , , .

6. , .

7. ij , , .



TASK 5. Agree or disagree with the following statements.

1) Court is a room where all the information concerning an offence is given so that it can be judged.

2) Lawyer is one of the persons or sides in a legal dispute.

3) Clerk is someone who sees a crime and can describe what happened.

4) Witness is an official in charge of the records of a court.

5) Probation officer is an official of the legal system who watches prisoners and keeps order in a court of law.

6) Bailiff is someone whose job is to watch, advise, and help people who have broken the law and are on probation.

7) Judge is a system that allows some criminals not to go to prison, if they behave well and see a probation officer regularly, for a fixed period of time.

8) Jury is a member of a jury.

9) Juror is a group of 12 ordinary people who listens to details of a case in court and decides whether someone is guilty or not.

TASK 6. Complete the following statements.


1) Court is ...

2) The Qualification Commission of Judges is ...

3) Lawyer is ...

4) Witness is ...

5) Clerk is ...

6) Bailiff is ...

7) Probation officer is ...

8) Probation is a system that...

9) The Prosecutor General is ...

10) Jury is ...

11) The central figure in any court is ...

12) Judge is ...

13) A rural justice of the peace in the United States is...

14) A justice of the Supreme Court of the United States is ...

15) The judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine are ...




Remember the following words and word combinations.

at random
in secrecy
reach a decision ,
administration of justice
prospective juror ,
open court
reject , ,
challenge for cause
drug addict , ;
be excused ()
voir dire
peremptory challenge
alcohol addict , ;
mental incompetent ,
exercise (right etc.) , ( )
pass a challenge
jury is complete
take an oath ,




Jury is a group of layman who participate in deciding cases brought to trial. These laymen are recruited at random from the widest population for the trial of a particular case. They are allowed to deliberate in secrecy, to reach a decision, and to make it public without giving reasons. Throughout its history, it has been both overpraised as a charter of liberty and overcriticized as a reliance on incompetent amateurs in the administration of justice.

The process of choosing jurors is called voir dire. Potential jurors are interviewed in open court by each of the attorneys. There are two ways of rejecting potential jurors: challenge for cause and peremptory challenge.

Prospective jurors may be challenged for cause for any of a number of specific reasons. Some of the more obvious reasons include that a juror: is a witness in the case; is related to a party; has some close personal or business relationship to a party; has already served on a jury in a case involving one or more of the parties; has already formed an opinion or is otherwise biased; is an alcoholic, drug addict, mental incompetent, or convicted felon; does not speak or understand English well enough to follow the proceeding and participate injury deliberations. There is no limit to the number of prospective jurors who may be challenged for cause. Each time a prospective juror is excused, another will be interviewed.

When each side has run out of challenges for cause, each side may exercise its peremptory challenges. No reason need be given for peremptorily excusing a juror, but each party has only a limited number of peremptory challenges. In criminal cases the number of peremptory challenges allowed each party is six in capital cases, four in all other felony cases, and three in misdemeanor cases. Each party is allowed three peremptory challenges in civil cases. Beginning with the complaining party, each side takes turns exercising its peremptory challenges one at a time. A peremptory challenge is lost when the turn comes to use it and it is not used. When all challenges are used or passed, the jury is complete. The jury then takes an oath to do its duty.



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