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II. Say is the following statements are true or false. Correct the false statements to make them true.

1. A suppository is a drug delivery system that is inserted into the mouth (oral suppository), ear (otic suppository) or nose (nasal suppository), where it dissolves.

2. Suppositories are used to deliver exclusively locally-acting medications.

3. Rectal suppositories are used for laxative purposes only.

4. Rectal suppositories may be used for the treatment of hemorrhoids by delivering a moisturizer or vasoconstrictor.

5. Non-laxative rectal suppositories are to be used after urination.

6. Vaginal suppositories are commonly used to treat gynecological ailments, including vaginal infections such as candidiasis.

7. Diclofenac pellets are urethral suppositories used for the treatment of severe erectile dysfunction.

8. Suppositories can be made either from a greasy base or from a water soluble base.

9. Glycerin suppositories are made of cocoa butter and polyethylene glycol.

10. Suppositories may be used for patients in the event it may be easier to administer than tablets or syrups.

IV. Read the following definitions of the mentioned in the text drugs.

Bisacodyl a white crystalline laxative C22H19NO4 administered orally or as a suppository.

Promethazine a synthetic antihistamine drug C17H20N2SHCl derived from phenothiazine, used chiefly to treat the symptoms of allergies and to prevent vomiting, especially in motion sickness.

Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) a synthetic white crystalline compound CH3COOC6H4COOH widely used in the form of tablets to relieve mild or chronic pain, reduce fever and inflammation, and to prevent strokes.

Acetaminophen (paracetamol) an analgesic drug C8H9NO2 used to treat headaches, arthritis, etc., and also to reduce fever, often as an alternative to aspirin.

Diclofenac (Voltaren) a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug used in the form of its sodium salt C14H10Cl2NNaO2 or potassium salt C14H10Cl2KNaO2 especially to treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis.

Eucalyptol a colourless oily liquid C10H18O with a camphor-like odour and a spicy taste; it is obtained from eucalyptus oil and used in perfumery and as a flavouring.

Alprostadil a prostaglandin C20H34O5 that promotes vasodilation and is used especially to treat erectile dysfunction.

Polyethylene glycol any of a series of polymers H(OCH2CH2)nOH where n is greater than three that vary from viscous liquids to waxy solids and are used especially as lubricants, solvents or waxes in medical and biotechnological applications.

 

V. Translate into English.

1. , , , .

2. : ) : 1 (cylinder) , 2 (cone), 3 (torpedo); ) : 1 (globule); 2 , 3 ; ) (bacillus).

3. 1,5 . 1 4 . 0,5 1,5 .

4. , , .

5. : , , .

6. .

7. 볺 (sea buckthorn) , .

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VI. Have a bit of fun.

A rather senile old lady went to her doctor complaining of draining and a feeling of fullness in her ear. After the examination, the doctor initiated a conversation that went as follows:

Doctor: Why madam, I think you have a suppository in your ear.

Lady: Eh?

Doctor: Madam, you have a SUPPOSITORY in your Ear!

Lady: EH???

Doctor (shouting): IN YOUR EAR! A SUPPOSITORY!!!

Lady: Oh, thank Goodness now I know where I put my hearing aid...

IV. Grammar Exercises

 

A suppository is known to deliver systemically- and locally-acting medications. ↓ ↓ The Subjective Infinitive Complex is used: with the verbs to say and to report Hisfather is said to work as a pharmacist. with verbs denoting mental activity Hishemorrhoids are supposed to have been caused by his sedentary mode of life. with verbs denoting sense perceptions The chemist was seen to enter the laboratory. with words denoting order, request, permission, compulsion The patient wasnt allowed to use laxative suppositories. with the verbs to seem, to appear, to happen, to chance, to prove, to turn out Candidiasis proved to have been cured by these vaginal suppositories. with the expressions to be (un)likely, to be sure, to be certain The patient is likely to be vomiting now.  

I. Translate into Ukrainian. Pay attention to theSubjective Infinitive Complex.

1. These suppositories are unlikely to deliver systemically-acting medications.

2. A suppository is known to be inserted as a solid that will dissolve inside the body.

3. Bisacodyl suppository turned out to have helped with his severe constipation.

4. This patient is sure to have fully recovered.

5. A suppository is believed to deliver the medicine pseudo received by the many blood vessels that follow the larger intestine.

6. Alprostadil pellets are certain to have helped this patient with severe erectile dysfunction.

7. The man was recommended to use these non-laxative rectal suppositories after defecation.

8. The mother is seen to be buying paracetamol suppositories for her infant.

 

II. Transform the following complex sentences into simple ones using the Subjective Infinitive Complex.

1. Its known that some suppositories are made from a greasy base, such as cocoa butter.

2. It turned out that the patient had vomiting tendency. It was supposed that he would vomit the tablet out, so the doctor administered a rectal suppository to him.

3. It is probable that a suppository will be a source of discomfort for the patient, as the melted grease may pass through the anus during flatulence.

4. Its said that drugs which often cause stomach upset are better tolerated in suppository form.

5. It is expected that these diclofenac suppositories will cure the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.

6. It is improbable that she will hurt the rectal wall while inserting a suppository in case of wearing an examination glove or a finger cot.

7. It did not seem that the patients condition had improved.

8. It turned out that the treatment of this child with rectal suppositories was uneasy.

 

III. Translate into English using the Subjective Infinitive Complex.

1. , , , , .

2. , .

3. , .

4. , .

5. ³, , .

6. , - .

7. , 볺 .

8. , .

9. ˳ , , (to arrest) .

10. , 5 .

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Lesson 3

Topical Medications

Text:Topical Medications

Term-element: ep(i)-

Grammar: The Infinitive (Review)

 

. Active Vocabulary

 

conjunctiva ointment viscosity fragrance lotion emollient emulsion occlusion hydrocarbon paraffin wax ceresine wool fat beeswax macrogol cetrimide vegetable oil sesame almond penetrability gel scalp fold fissure stinging transdermal patch talcum corn starch deodorant antiperspirant astringent hemostatic agent sponge vaporization decongestant paste ["kPnGANk'taIvq] ['OIntment] [vIs'kPsqtI] ['freIgrqns] ['lqVSqn] [I'mPljqnt] [I'mAlSqn] [q'klHZqn] ["haIdrqV'kRbqn] ['pxrqfIn] [wxks] ['serqsIn] ['wVl"fxt] ['bJz"wxks] ['mxkrqgql] ['setrI"maId] ['veGqtqbl 'OIl] ['sesqmI] ['Rmqnd] ["penItrq'bIlqtI] [Gel] [skxlp] [fqVld] ['fISq] ['stININ] [trans'dE:mql 'pxC] ['talkqm] ['kLn"stRC] [dJ'qVdqrqnt] ["xntI'pE:spqrqnt] [q'strIGqnt] ["hJmqV'stxtIk] [spAnG] ["veIpqraI'zeIS(q)n] ["dJkqn'Gestqnt]   [peIst] , , , , , , , , ; , , , , , ( ), , , , 㳺 , , ( ) ,

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