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I. What are these parts of the house used for? Match each part of the house with what we usually do there.

1) kitchen a) a place to wash
2) dining-room b) a place to sleep
3) bedroom c) a place to leave your street clothes
4) garage d) a place to relax and talk
5) garden e) a place to cook
6) bathroom f) a place to grow flowers
7) living room g) a place to keep a car
8) hall/entry hall h) a place to keep garden tools
9) shed i) a place to keep household equipment
10) closet j) a place to eat

 

II. Read the text andfill in the missing words.

MR. HUDSON'S HOUSE

Mr. Hudson is selling his house. At the moment he is showing it to Mr. and Mrs. Wills.

"Here we are. As you can see it's really quite a big spacious___(1), with two storeys. Upstairs there are three_______(2) where you and your children can sleep, and one________(3) which has both a bath and a shower. Downstairs we have a large_________(4) where all our family liked to get together in the evenings to watch TV and talk. Next to it is a_________(5) where we used to have our evening meals when all the family sat down to table. Breakfast we usually had in the_________ (6) as it was a very quick meal.

Before we go in, let's have a look at the house from the outside. I think you'll agree that the front________ (7) is very nice with all its flower beds and a lawn. The green hedge around it makes it a little more private. You've got a car, haven't you? So the________(8) next to the house will be very useful.

Now follow me up the path to the front door. Here we are inside. In this little____ (9) you can hang your coats and hats. On your right is the living room and this________ (10) on the left leads into the dining room. It is connected with the _________(11), so you can cook there and serve the meals in the dining room. From the kitchen__________(12) you have a pleasant view on the back__________ (13) which as you see has a strong wooden fence around it.

The house is in an excellent ________(14). You'll have no problems with the floors, walls, ceilings, the roof, central heating, hot and cold running ___________(15) or electricity. So, any questions? Ah, yes, the price. Three bedroom, a garage and a garden. Well, what do you think?"

Unit Seven

My University

I am a student of the Glukhiv State Pedagogical University. It is situated in the centre of the town of Glukhiv, Sumy region. My university is one of the oldest Teachers' Training Educational Establishments in Ukraine. It was founded on the "25th of October, 1874.

My university is not very large. It numbers about three thousand full-time and extra-mural students. The university occupies seven buildings with a great number of lecture halls, studies, laboratories, workshops. It has a rich library, four reading-halls, a canteen, an assembly-hall, administration office, dean's offices, a museum, two gyms, sports-grounds.

There are 6 faculties in my university: a pedagogical faculty, a philological faculty, a pre-school faculty, a natural science faculty, a pedagogical-engineering faculty and a physical-technical faculty. Specialists on different subjects are trained at our University. Among them are the teachers of English, Music, Art, Physics, Mathematics, Labor training, the Ukrainian language and literature, Foreign literature, Computer Science etc.

The University trains qualified teachers for primary schools, secondary schools, boarding schools, lyceums, gymnasiums and kindergartens. The curriculum consists of special subjects and general educational subjects. Professional training includes Psychology, History of Education, Pedagogics, Valeology and other subjects. All the students study Foreign languages, History of Ukraine, Philosophy. Future teachers attend lectures, seminars, practical and laboratory classes. Practice in schools, kindergartens, workshops and summer camps is compulsory for all students.

The students pay much attention to scientific work. They take part in conferences for students of different specialties which are held in our country and abroad. Some of them are interested in amateur artistic activities and sport. Many clubs are organized at our University where students have an opportunity to spend their free time and realize themselves.

After four years of hard study students receive the so-called Bachelor
degree and can finish their study. To become a specialist one must study one year longer. Two years ago Magistracy was organized at our university where gifted students can get further education and become a Master of Humanities.

As for me I am proud to be a student of our University.

 

Reading Text

I. Read and translate the text into Ukrainian.

UNIVERSITY DAYS

I liked physics and chemistry when I was at the university, but I wasnt very good at economics. There was another student named Jim Green who was even worse. He was one of the star players on the football team, but he couldn't continue to play if he didn't pass all of his examinations. That was very difficult, for though Jim used his big body very well on the football field, he couldn't make any goals in the classroom.

All his professors were very kind to Jim and helped him. The kindest of all was our economics professor, a quiet little man named Bassum. He used to ask Green the simplest questions, but they didnt seem easy to Jim. One day, when we were discussing transportation, Professor Bassum called on Green. "Name one means of transportation," the professor said, but Green looked helpless. "Something that takes us from one place to another," the professor explained. Green opened his mouth, but nothing came out of it. "Perhaps, Mr. Green," the professor continued, "you can name the means of transportation that we usually use when we go on long journeys across land." It was very, very quiet in the room, but suddenly the professor made a strange sound: "Choo-choo-..." and his face became red. He looked at the class hopefully. All of us agreed with Professor Bassum that Jimmie Green must not fall behind because the Chicago game, one of the most important of the season, was not far away.

"Toot, tooooot too-toooooooooot," came from a student in the back of the room. We ail looks hopefully at Jimmie Green.

"Ding dong, ding dong," came from another part of the room. The professor finished the performance: "Chuffa-chuffa, chuffa-chuffa." But all these sounds did not help to give Jimmie any ideas. So the professor made another effort:

"How did you come to the university this year, Mr. Green?" he asked.

"My father sent me," said the football-player.

"On what? On what?" asked the professor.

"He gave me money," the champion answered slowly.

"No, no," said Bassum. "Name a means of transportation. What did you ride on?"

"Train," said Jimmie.

"Quite right! Very good, Mr Green," said the professor, "Now, another student. Mr Quincy, please tell us..."

(by James Thurber)

II. Put 5-8 questions to the text.

III. Retell the story.

IV. Read the text for obtaining information.

UNIVERSITY LIFE

Universities in Britain differ from those in many countries. Until the nineteenth century, England had only two universities - Oxford and Cambridge. Both Universities are residential: students must belong to one of the colleges. The colleges at Oxford and Cambridge have no division by subjects; students of a wide variety of subjects belong to and live some of the time in one college, going out from these to different faculties or laboratories for their academic work. In addition, each student goes weekly to a tutor to show and discuss definite work.

The modem .Universities such as the Universities of London, Manchester, Leeds, Birmingham, etc. are not residential. The colleges of the University of London, for instance, are teaching institutions, providing instruction chiefly by means of lectures, attended mainly by day students. Other institutions such as colleges of technology and agricultural ones provide education of University standard, too.

Some students can study art subjects such as history, languages, economics or law; the others can study pure or applied sciences such as medicine, dentistry, technology or agriculture.

This is how a student spends his day. His working hours are from 9 to i. At 9 o'clock he will see the tutor or go to the library, or to the lecture. From 2 to 5 he is engaged in sports and all kinds of exercises. From 5 to 7 he usually zither works in the library or in the laboratory. At 7 o'clock the undergraduates and tutors gather in the hall and have dinner. After dinner the students have club activities, debating societies etc. By 10 o'clock the student must be in the college, as most of the students live in the colleges. At about 10 o'clock the student sits down to work again and works about 2 hours. At 12 o'clock p.m. he goes to bed.

A person studying for a degree at a British University is called undergraduate: one who has taken a degree is called a graduate. B.A. or B.Sc. stands for Bachelor of Arts, or of Science, the first degree. M.A. or M.Sc. - denotes Master, of Arts or of Science, the first degree. M.A. or M.Sc. denotes Master of Arts, or of Science. One can become a B/A/ after three years of hard study, and M.A. at the end of five years. D.P. stands for Doctor of Philosophy, the highest degree. The abbreviations of English degree must be written after the family name, e.g. Henry Sweet, B.A.

Tuition costs a lot of money. The students have to play for taking examinations, for attending lectures, for borrowing books from the library, for hostel accommodation, etc.

There are three terms from eight to ten weeks in the British University year.

V. Answer the questions.

1. How do we call a person who takes examinations is order to enter a University?

2. How do we call a student who combines work and study?

3. How do we call a student who does not combine work and study?

4. How many terms are there in the British University year?

5. How many Universities were there in England by the nineteenth century?

6. What kind of universities are Oxford, and Cambridge?

7. What is a college at Cambridge and Oxford?

8. What is a college at the University of London?

9. Whom do they call a graduate?

10.Whom do they call an undergraduate?

11.What do B.A. or B.Sc. stand for?

12. What do M.A. or M. Sc. denote?

Unit Eight

Seasons and Weather

Every season is good in its own way. The weather depends on the season and the climate of the country, and the latter depends on the geographical position of the country.

The weather, as you know, changes with the changing of the seasons. Let's take an autumn, for example. In autumn the sky is often cloudy; the sky hides behind the clouds and then appears again. Its rays have already lost their strength, and the sun is not so bright as it was in summer. The air can be moist. Days get shorter and nights longer. In late autumn the frost covers the ground at night. As autumn is a rainy season, the weather is mostly dull. And of course, we don't like rain of any kind even if it just drizzles. But there is a spell of sunny weather in late September, which we call Indian summer, when the sky is cloudless and there is a carpet of multicolored leaves on the ground. But in any case nature fades away and nothing can be done about it. I must confess, don't like autumn, but a lot of people try to look at the reverse side of the medal. As they say, it is the time of harvesting tasty fruit "and vegetables, the time of the beautiful golden leaves, the time when nature is very attractive.

In winter the sun shines rarely. Its rays are pale. It sets early and rises late. The air is frosty; large snowflakes slowly fall to the ground; the streets are slippery with a thick sheet of ice, they are frozen. The icicles glitter in the sun: the temperature falls, and snow may fall thick. Going outdoors in such a weather is not pleasant, but children enjoy throwing snowballs and making a snowman. Their cheeks are burning.

By the end of winter the snow begins to melt. Thaw sets in. The sun grows warmer, and soon there won't be any ice but plenty of water.

Nature awakens from its long winter sleep. The trees begin to bud and soon tiny green leaves will appear. Thin new blades of grass come up, the fruit trees begin to blossom. "April showers bring May flowers", as the saying goes. Trees, bushes and fields look magic covered with green carpet. The farmers till the soil and sow the seed. Nature looks full of promise!

After spring comes summer. As a great Russian poet Pushkin said, "Oh, summer fine!

I'd love you but for the heat the mosquitoes and flies!" In fact sometimes the heat is oppressive. But people usually like summer because they have their holidays and enjoy resting after their hard work.

In my opinion every season is beautiful and attractive. And as one of the famous poets said, "I see no reason to speak in prize of any season".

Reading Text

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