Task 1. Identifying your transferable skills.

Draw the given table in your notebooks and fill it in as in the examples given below.

My transferrable skills and how I can use them

Example of a transferrable skill How I use this skill What I can do for the employer
I can work confidently under pressure. I always hand my assignments in on time, even though I have a part-time job. If I can work under pressure and still make deadlines, I will be able to take on new challenges with confidence.
I like to achieve my goals. I have been a member of my university's basketball team for two years. We won the National Students Championship both years. I always set and achieve goals, so I am sure I will rise to the challenge of settling into my new role quickly and successfully meet any demands of me.
I am able to motivate others. I had overall responsibility for this year's Faculty Day, making sure that everything went smoothly. If I can pull off the Faculty Day, I know I can contribute to your team.

Step 2 Employment Objective

Having a clear idea of who you are, what you can do, what you want to do, and in what environment you want to do it, will enable you to better develop a concrete career objective one that accurately reflects what you are seeking. A typical self-serving objective can be formulated as follows: Career objective: To obtain a meaningful and challenging position that enables me to learn the accounting field and allows for advancement. If you answer a job advertisement, then in your Résumé you should write the name of the position youre applying for.

Step 3. Résumé (CV) and Cover Letter

These are the two most basic marketing tools for your job search. Developing an effective Résumé (CV) and a good targeted Cover Letter is essential.

Step 4. Research and Explore Career Options

The next step in the job search process is to explore the "matches" between your identified skills, interests, and values and the demands of career fields and organizations.

Step 5. Choose a Career Field, then Target Employers

After thoroughly researching possible careers/jobs, several field options will emerge as most realistic and attractive. These options should become your career or job search goals. It is probable that no single career will have the potential to utilize all your skills, allow you to develop all your interests, and incorporate a value system completely compatible with yours. Therefore, try to target a career field that will satisfy some of your high-priority needs. Other needs of less importance can perhaps be satisfied in your leisure time activities.

Step 6. Plan and Conduct Job Search Campaign

Pursue Advertised Vacancies

The most commonly used job search technique is to respond to advertised vacancies, both in print and electronically.

Sources of vacancies include:

Newsletters from trade or professional associations.

Newspaper classified ads (most major cities are on-line).

Employment services and agencies run by government and for-profit businesses.

To increase the odds of your success in responding to advertised vacancies, by telephone or letter, keep these tips in mind:

Do not waste time responding to long shots.

Use your Cover Letter to answer every requirement in the advertisement.

Personalize your response as much as possible. Direct your materials to specific individuals, not "To Whom It May Concern," or "Dear Sir/Madam," unless the advertisements are blind newspaper ads (name of organization withheld). A quick phone call can provide appropriate names. In a blind ad, address your letter to a specific position title, (e.g., Dear "Marketing Manager").

Try to contact or write to the manager who will make the final hiring decision as well as the personnel representative named in the advertisements.

Develop a Contact Network

Experience has shown that informal networking is a very rich source of job leads and information about unpublished job opportunities. Successful networking requires that you have as many contacts as possible hear your story, so they realize you are in the job market.

Your network can consist of

family members





former employers

members of professional associations

Human Resource directors, public relations officials or public information specialists

Once you have targeted a career or specific position, you should acquaint yourself with professionals in that field or organization. These professionals offer you an insider's view and can constitute your contact network, which can open doors that might otherwise remain closed.

Contact Employers Directly

Send a letter of application and your Résumé to the Human Resources department or specific managers. This direct contact method is most successful for candidates in high-demand fields (e.g., engineering and computer science). The success of this method is greatly increased when letters are followed up by phone calls, which may result in an invitation to visit the employer.

Contact managers in organizations by phone or letter to request an appointment to discuss the information you have obtained by reading annual reports, trade literature, etc. For example: "I understand XYZ is planning to expand its foreign market. I am completing an international business degree and am very interested in this expansion. It seems a very progressive move. May I have 20 minutes of your time to discuss it?" Indicate your desire to meet with them even if they have no positions currently available in their department.

During your appointments with department managers, emphasize your knowledge and interest in their organizations.

Always follow up all interviews with thank-you letters, phone calls, and, when appropriate, Résumés that have been revised based on information and suggestions provided by managers.

Even if managers have no positions available, once they have had a personal interaction with you, they may think of you the next time they have, or hear of, an appropriate opening. It is critical to stay in touch with these managers, at least on a bi-monthly basis.

Many job seekers have used informational interviewing to create new positions by identifying organizational needs (through the interview, research, etc.) and proposing these needs be filled with their own skills.

Tips for contacting employers

A. By Phone
When calling to schedule an appointment, three points should be covered:

1. Offer a personal introduction.

2. Identify your purpose for seeking an appointment.

3. Arrange a mutually convenient time.

REMEMBER Write an outline or script of what you are going to say on the phone. This will decrease your anxiety and ensure that you will obtain all the necessary information. Additionally, you will be perceived as organized and professional. If you are having problems getting " past the secretary," call before 9:00 a.m. or after 6:00 p.m. Chances are, the individual you are trying to reach may be answering his/her own telephone. If you are calling as the result of a referral, state that person's name early in the conversation. Indicate you need only 20 to 30 minutes of the person's time. (Make sure you adhere to this timetable.) Express the need for a personal interview as opposed to a telephone conversation.

B. By Letter

As with phoning for an interview, a letter requesting an appointment should include:

1. Personal introduction.

2. Purpose for seeking appointment.

REMEMBER Type all letters in business format and double check for good grammar and spelling. Always indicate in the concluding paragraph that you will be calling on a specific date (usually one week after you mail the letter) to arrange for a convenient appointment time. (Make sure you adhere to this timetable.) Maintain an organized file of all letters.

Step 7. Interview

Getting the interview is the goal of your tools the Résumé and Cover Letter, and the outcome of a successful plan of action. It is easy, however, to be so intent on getting interviews that you neglect to prepare for them. Have you researched the organization? Are you prepared to communicate what you can contribute? Have you studied the kinds of questions often asked?

Step 8. Job Offer

"You've got the job!" are the four words job hunters most want to hear. But what then? Are you prepared to evaluate the offer to see if it matches your interests and more importantly your prioritized work values? Could you turn down a job offer you felt was wrong for you? How will you make your decision? Have you determined what your basic monthly expenses are so you can see if the offered salary will cover them and allow you to begin at least a modest savings plan?

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