Open the brackets and put the verbs into Past Simple, Present Simple, or Present Perfect.

1) Ukrainian scientists (to make) their contribution into the development of space explorations.

2) Ukrainian industrial enterprises (to produce) planes, turbines, different kinds of machines and equipment.

3) We (to go) to Chernihiv last year.

4) The criminal situation in Ukraine (to change) for the worst recently.

5) Ukrainian sportsmen always (to show) excellent and good results at national, international and world competitions.

6) The first woman writer who (to appear) in Ukrainian literature was Marko Vovchok.

7) Ivan Kotlyarevsky (to turn) ancient Greek characters into Ukrainian Cossacks.

8) Like most European nations Ukraine (to see) the New Year in on December, 31.

9) On Christmas mothers of the family (to cook) a traditional Ukrainian Christmas dish Kutya.

10) Most Ukrainian people (to enjoy) holidays both old and new because they are good breaks in everyday work.


Rewrite the sentences into Past Simple. Change the adverbs if necessary (consult the table of irregular verbs using the appendix).

1) The Cossacks defend Ukrainian people and land.

2) Some people buy newspapers and magazines every day.

3) The population of cities constantly grows.

4) Many people like to go to church to listen to Christmas sermons.

5) All the main rivers of Ukraine are full of fish but they suffer from pollution.

6) In his work The Kaidash Family the novelist Ivan Netchuy-Levytsky draws the true picture of the village life.

7) Millions of people all over the world watch the Olympic events on TV.

8) Different literary movements quickly change each other.

9) Ukrainian, Russian and Belarusian form the East Slavic group of languages.

10) The key figure of the Ukrainian music is Mykola Lysenko.


Use the verbs in brackets in Past Perfect.

Note: Past Perfect is used for a past action which happened before another past action or before a stated past time.

Example: When I got home she already (to leave).

When I got home she had already left by 8 oclock.


1) He said he (to be) to Kyiv several times.

2) She said she (to buy) a new book about Sukhomlynsky.

3) Ann was sad because she (to fail) the test.

4) She (to live) in Odessa for 10 years before she decided to move to Kyiv.

5) Alan explained to me why he (not to learn) the poem.

6) He asked me where she (to go).

7) They wanted to know where I (to stay) in Donetsk.

8) She asked me if I (to visit) Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra.

9) We didnt know then who (to destroy) the ancient fortress.

10) By the 18th century the city (to become) a trading centre.



Put the articles where necessary.

Note: 1) the names of oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, mountains take the definite article the;

2) the names of countries and cities are used without any article;

3) the names of theatres, museums, picture galleries and cinemas are used with the definite article the.


1) __ Kharkiv is the second largest city of __ Ukraine after __ Kyiv.

2) The National Symbols of the country are __ National Flag, __ National Emblem and __ National Anthem.

3) __ Ukraine borders on several European countries: __ Russia, __ Belarus, __ Poland, __ Slovakia, __ Hungary, __ Moldova and __ Romania.

4) The main river in our country is __ Dnieper. Other less important rivers are __ Dniester, __ Desna, __ Southern Buh and __ Seversky Donets.

5) There are __ Crimean Mountains in __ Crimean Peninsular and __ Carpathian Mountains in the west of the country.

6) The water boundary of __ Ukraine is __ Black Sea and __ Azov Sea.

7) There are four oceans: __ Arctic, __ Atlantic, __ Pacific, and __ Indian Ocean.

8) Museum lovers will find hundreds of beautiful exhibits in __ Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts, __ Russian Arts Museum and __ History Museum.

9) Theatre-goers appreciate __ Taras Shevchenko National Opera and Ballet House, __ Ivan Franko Ukrainian Drama Theatre, __ Tchaikovsky Conservatory and __ Musical Drama Theatre.

10) During __ Great Patriotic War __ Ukraine and its citizens suffered greatly.

Fill in the blanks with the correct comparative and superlative forms of adjectives.


1) (big) seaport in Ukraine is Odesa.

2) The territory of Ukraine is (large) than Great Britain but considerably (small) than Russia.

3) The population of our country is (little) than the population of Great Britain.

4) The Crimean Mountains are (old) than the Alps.

5) (thick) forests in Ukraine can be found in Volyn.

6) The Azov Sea is (small) than the Black Sea.

7) The Dnieper is the third (long) river in Europe.

8) Poltava is one of (old) cities.

9) The Seversky Donets and the Prypyat are (little) important rivers than the Dniester.

10) Lviv is one of (beautiful) cities in Ukraine.


Fill in the blanks as in the example.

Example: The Black Sea is as big as the Caspian Sea.

The Azov Sea is not so big as the Black Sea.


1) The Crimean Mountains are __ high __ the Caucasus.

2) The territory of Ukraine is __ large __ France.

3) Poltava is __ big __ Donetsk.

4) Weather in Ukraine is __ wet __ in Great Britain.

5) Kharkiv is __ old __ Poltava.

6) The development of industry and technology is __ important __ crop production.

7) Halloween is __ popular in Ukraine __ in Britain.

8) The Ukrainian nation is __ famous for its musicality __ the Italian one.

9) Kyiv is __ old __ London.

10) Hydro-electric plant is __ dangerous __ nuclear power station.


Translate into English.

1) 1919 . 1934 .

2) , . - . , , , , .

3) ³ , , 1863 .

4) IX . 988 .

5) . .

6) 糿 .

7) , .

8) .

9) , , , .

10) .


English in Use

Invitations, requests, suggestions


1. Read and act out the dialogues:

a) Pat: Hello, Mary. How are you?

Mary: Fine, thanks. And you?

Pat: Im fine. Lets go to the cinema today.

Mary: Yes, all right. See you. Bye.

Pat: Bye, Mary.

b) Mark: Hello, Jane. Its Mark.

Jane: Oh, hello, Mark. Glad to hear you.

Mark: How about going to the club tonight?

Jane: Oh, sorry, Mark. Im busy. Lets go tomorrow.

Mark: Agreed. See you, Jane.

Jane: Bye, Mark.

2. Study the following table:

Invitations Replies
Come and see me. I invite you to my place. I'd very much like to see you all at I'd like to welcome all of you May I invite you...Let's go...How about going there together? I'd like the two of us to go... Come to see us. You're always welcome. Come again. You're always welcome. Look in...Drop by/round... I'll be happy to see you any time you can make it.Let's go...Will you be coming?Shall I expect you? Thank you. With pleasure. Of course I'll come. With the greatest of pleasure. Gladly. Willingly! I have no objection. I don't mind. I have nothing against it.Yes. All right. OK. I'm all for. All right. Let's. Agreed. Settled. Perhaps. Very likely. Why not? Quite possible. Not unlikely. Most probably.Don't know. /Not sure. /Can't say. Not sure I'll be able to. I can't promise you anything definite.  

3. Work in pairs. Using the table above make up short dialogues and act them out.

Prompts: to the cinema/pictures, to the theatre, to the birthday party, to the country house, to your place, to the museum, to the countryside, to picnic, to the club, to the park, to the Zoo, to go shopping, to the library, to go for a walk.


4. Read and act out the dialogues:

a) Excuse me, please. Could you tell me the time?

Certainly. Its half past ten.

Thank you.

Youre welcome.

b) Excuse me, would you show me the way to the underground station near here?

I wish I could, but Im a stranger here.


5. Study the following table:

Requests Agreement Rejection
Could I ask you to.? May I ask you to? Would you please do..? Could you possibly ...? I'd be much obliged if... Will you turn off the radio, please? Can/Could I ask you for...? May I ask you for...? Would you mind if I ask(ed) for ..? Would it be all right if I asked you to do ...? Would you shut the window, please? Could I ask you to keep quiet, please!   Certainly. Most certainly. Sure. Of course. Naturally. Willingly. With pleasure. All right. Right. OK. Here you are. Very well. / All right./ Good./ Right. Right away. I will (go there). I will (bring it). I will (do it). Very well, then. I'll have to. Oh yes! (I'm) sorry. I'm afraid... Unfortunately... I'm sorry but I can't. I'm very busy at the moment. I'd be delighted..., but I can't. With pleasure..., but I can't. I hate to say "no" but... I'd like to, but... I'm sorry but... I wish I could, but... No, you can't/ mustn't. It is prohibited. No, you can't/mustn't.It is impossible. It is prohibited.  

6. Respond to the following requests:

a) - Could we fix the time of the meeting now?


b) - Could you remind me about it tomorrow?


c) - Shall I produce my documents?


d) - Must we start doing the work now?


e) -May I ask you to close the door?


f) - Would you mind turning on the light?


g) - I wonder if you could tell me the way to the stadium.


h) - Shall I go shopping at once?


7. Work in pairs. Using the table above make up short dialogues and act them.



8. Read and act out the dialogues:

a) Hello. Could I speak to Peter, please?

Certainly, just a moment.

Hello, Peters speaking.

Hello, its Mike here. Lets go to the concert tonight.

Good idea. Where shall we meet?

Lets meet near the concert hall.

OK. What time?

At a quarter to seven.

Fine. I will come in time.

See you later then.


b) Whats the matter with you? You seem to be ill.

Ive got toothache.

Then you should go to the dentist immediately.

Im afraid I have to.

9. Study the following table:

Suggestions Replies
I (would) advise / recommend you to You should / ought to I suggest / advise (that) you (should) do smth. I think / believe you should do smth. I insist (that) you (should)... You'd better do smth. I strongly advise you to do smth. Let me give you a word of advice. Perhaps you should do smth. It would be necessary for you... I'll think it over.I'll give it a think. I'll try. I'll do my best. I'll try.Thank you for advising me. Thanks for your advice. Thanks.

10. Respond to the following suggestions:

a) -Lets go skiing this weekend, shall we?


b) - It would be necessary for you to study this book.


c) - I strongly advise you to see the doctor.


d) - Youd better find another job.


e) - I think you should take part in the students conference.


11. Work in pairs. Using the tables (EX.2, 5,9) make up short dialogues and act them out.


Pre-reading Activities

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