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ASKING THE WAY AND GIVING DIRECTIONS

 

1. Read the following expressions. Try to remember the new ones:

Excuse me, (can/could) you tell me the way to ..., please?

Excuse me, (can/could) you help me to find?

Excuse me, (can/could) you tell me how to get to, please?

Excuse me, Im looking for...

How long does it take (on foot/by car)?

Where is the nearest?

Is it far from here?

Ive lost my way. I cant find

I didnt understand. Please, tell me (explain it) again.

Please, draw me a plan of the way.

Please, show me this place on the map.

Go straight (down/along) this road (as far as/past/to) the bank.

Take the (first/second/third) turning on the (right/left).

Turn (left/right) (at/after) the bus station.

(Carry on/keep) going until you get to

Go straight on.

2. Read the dialogue and fill in the gaps using the expressions given above:

Tom:Excuse me, sir. Can you tell me the to the post office, please?

Man:Yes. Well along Loring Road until you get to Park Avenue. left and go on until you get to Cross Street.

Tom:Okay.

Man:Then left into Cross Street and past the supermarket which is your left. Cross Mill Street and going. Youll see a hotel on one corner, and opposite the hotel is a newsagents. The post office is next to the newsagents. You cant miss it.

Tom:Thanks very much.

Look at the street map. Imagine you are standing at the point marked with a cross. Where do these directions take you?

 

 

Castle railway station

___________________________________________

________________ ___________________

Grand Hotel

Tourist Information

Theatre Centre

_______________ ____________________

_______________ ____________________

Bus station hospital

Police station swimming-pool

_______________ _____________________

_______________ ______________________

Museum cathedral cinema

Bank

Post office shopping centre

_______________ ______________________

_______________ ______________________

X

1. Go straight down the road, take the second turning on the left, and its on the right.

2. Go along this road, take the third turning on the right, and its on the right.

3. Keep straight on until you get to the end of the road, and then turn left, and its on the right.

4. Go down as far as the cinema, then turn right, and its on the left.

5. Keep straight on, past the cathedral, and then turn left at the bus station, and its on the right.

4.You are at the Tourist Information Centre. Working in pairs, use the map to ask each other the way to:

the post office

the castle

the bank

the museum

the Grand Hotel

the railway station

the swimming-pool

Example:

AExcuse me. Can you tell me how to get to the post office, please?

BCertainly. Turn left, then take the third turning on the right.

 

5.Fill in the gaps with the following prepositions:

along down into out of over

 

past through under up

 

Roberts driving lesson

Robert drove __________ the garage, _________ the road, and ________the bridge.

Then he drove __________the pub, _________the hill, and _________ the hill.

Next he drove __________the river, _________the hedge, and ________the lake!

 

6.Work in pairs:

Student A

Think of a place near your university. Give your partner directions, but dont say what the place is.

 

Student B

Listen to the directions. What is this place?

GREAT BRITAIN

PART I

Pre-reading Activities

Read the following international words paying attention to their pronunciation. Try to guess their meanings. Check your variant of their meanings consulting the dictionary.

 

Atlantic Ocean [ə t ΄ l æ n t ı k ΄ o u ∫ ə n]

climate [΄ k l a ı m i t]

mineral resources [΄ m ı n ə r ə l r ı ΄ s ) : s ı z]

chemical industry [΄ k e m ı k ə l ΄ ı n d ə s t r ı]

textile industry [΄ t e k s t a ı l ΄ ı n d ə s t r ı]

financial [f a ı ΄ n æ n ∫ ə l]

official [ə ΄ f ı ∫ ə l]

parliamentary monarchy [p a : l ə ΄ m e n t ə r ı ΄ m ) n ə k ı]

colonial [k ə ΄ l o u n j ə l]

Prime Minister [p r a ı m ΄ m ı n ı s t ə]

 

Match the following English words with their Ukrainian equivalents.

 

1. numerous lakes a)

2. rare frosts b)

3. well-known )

4. valleys d)

5. all over the world e)

6. high mountains f)

7. deposits g)

8. coal h)

9. state, power i)

10. queen j)

 

3. Pay attention to the following synonyms:

to consist of to be made up of to comprise to compose of , ;

to lie to be situated to be found ;

a lot of many, much ;

official formal

 

Read and memorize the following words and word-combinations.

an island, an isle

total area

to separate

to wash

a surface

to vary

to represent

the Commonwealth (- ᒺ)

changeable

real power

the highest legislative body

governing party

to be a highly developed country

to belong

a scientist ,

Reading Activities

 

Read the following text and try to understand its general meaning:

GREAT BRITAIN

 

Great Britain lies on the British Isles to the north-west of the continent of Europe. The total area of Great Britain is 244 thousand square kilometers. It is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast. Great Britain is separated from the continent by the English Channel (or La Manche) and the Strait of Dover (or Par de Calais). It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the Irish Sea and the North Sea.

The surface of Great Britain varies very much. There are valleys, mountains, plains, numerous lakes and rivers, a lot of woods and forests. The climate is mild and damp. This is because of the winds that blow from the ocean and the warm waters of the Gulf-Stream. Summers are cool and rainy. Winters are not cold with rare frosts and snow. In general, the weather is rather changeable.

Great Britain is not rich in mineral resources, but it has deposits of coal and oil. It is a highly developed industrial country. Shipbuilding, machine-building, chemical and textile industries are developed there. For a long time Great Britain has been a great colonial power.

The total population of Great Britain is about 60 million. English is the official language. The capital of Great Britain is London. London is traditionally divided into four main parts: Westminster, the City, the West End and the East End. It is situated on the river Thames in the south-east of England. It is Britains greatest financial, commercial, business and cultural centre. Great Britain has a lot of big cities such as Liverpool, Birmingham, Glasgow, Bristol and others.

The names of such famous English scientists as Newton, Faradei, Darwin, writers and poets as Shakespeare, Byron, Dickens, Show and many others are well-known all over the world.

Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy. Officially the head of the state is the king or the queen. However the real power belongs to the British Parliament the highest legislative body. The Parliament consists of two houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. There are two main governing political parties: the Conservative Party and the Labour Party. The Prime Minister heads the governing party. Kharkiv has a sister-city in Great Britain. It is Leeds.

 

Its interesting to know:

Do you know that there are some English variants of translation for Ukrainian -? They are: fraternal city, sister-city and twin-city.

Windsor [wı n z ə] is the surname of the royal family of Britain. Elizabeth II became queen in 1952 at the age of 26. Queen Elizabeth II has got four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew and Edward. One day Charles is going to be King Charles III, surname Windsor. The Queen is one of the richest women in the world, Buckingham Palace is her London home. The Queen is also Head of the Commonwealth countries.

Post-reading Activities

 

Comprehension check. Are these statements true or false? Correct the false ones.

True False

   

1. Great Britain is an island state.

2. Great Britain is separated from the continent by

the North Channel.

3. Great Britain consists of England, Wales and Scotland

4. The population of Great Britain is less than 50 million.

5. Weather conditions in Great Britain change frequently.

6. The capital of Great Britain is Leeds.

7. Great Britain is an agricultural country.

8. The head of the state is the queen.

9. Cardiff is the capital of Scotland.

10. Dickens is a famous scientist.

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