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State whether these statements are true or false. Correct the false ones.

True False

   

1. People know why Stonehenge was built.

2. The oldest clock in England is in London.

3. Wordsworth lived in the Lake District.

4. The territory of England is mountainous.

5. Oxford and Cambridge are famous university cities.

6. Salisbury Cathedral is a new building.

7. Magna Carta is a collection of verses.

7. It is interesting to know

Big Ben is the name of the huge bell that strikes the hours in the clock tower at the Houses of Parliament; it weighs 13 tons.

The Prime Minister of England and his Government discuss matters of state at the Houses of Parliament. The building is 940 feet long and has two miles of corridors.

Piccadilly Circus is one of the busiest areas in London with the famous statue of Eros in the middle.

Trafalgar Square is a historical reminder of the great naval admiral Lord Nelson. Today it is famous for its blocks of pigeons and is used as a meeting place for rallies.

London buses are the famous red double-deckers.

London taxis are black. Taxi drivers study for two years before they are taxi drivers.

There are 275 stations in the London Underground (the tube). Every year people leave 11,500 umbrellas on tube trains!

Madam Tussauds has one of the largest collections of wax models of famous people in the world.

Stratford-upon-Avon was the birthplace of William Shakespeare, Englands most famous playwright.

 

Read theText.

THE LAST GREAT WILDERNESS

 

Scotland is, in fact, a part of Great Britain. It is governed from London but in many ways it is a separate nation. It has its own capital city, Edinburgh, its own laws, its own stamps, its own educational system. It even has its own language, Gaelic, where a lake is called a loch, a stream is called a burn and a valley is called a glen.

There are only about five million Scots, and most of them live in the southern half of the country called Lowland, where the major cities are situated. Scottish traditions are still going strong: a long time ago the society was divided into big family groups called clans. Each clan had a different coloured tartan and its name was preceded by Macwhich means son of. Some of these clans still exist today and all the tartans can be found in the form of kilts, jackets, hats and blankets.

Today Scotland is very popular. Most holiday visitors to Scotland go to the Highlands because of the high mountains and deep valleys, clean rivers and old castles. You cant go to Scotland without visiting Loch Ness and looking for monster Nessie.

The Highlands are home to many rare birds and animals, like the golden eagle and the wildcat, which are found nowhere else in Britain. Besides beautiful green areas, the Highlands offer entertaining activities too. Every year, there are traditional celebrations called The Highland Games, where clansmen compete in sports events, take part in Scottish dancing or play the bagpipes in competitions.

But it is a lonely, mild and empty land. The population is getting smaller all the time. Perhaps the Highlands of Scotland will become the last great wilderness of Europe. The Highlands of Scotland are well worth visiting!

A Scottish Glossary

Kilt: a skirt worn by a man.

Tartan: a special criss-cross pattern. There are many different tartan patterns. Each Scottish family or clan has its own tartan, e.g. the Macdonald Tartan.

Scotch whisky: a strong alcoholic drink which gets its special taste from Scotlands fresh highland water.

Harris Tweed: a type of woolen cloth which is made on Harris, an island off the west coast of Scotland.

Bagpipes: the national musical instrument of Scotland which once led Scottish soldiers into battle. Every town in Scotland has its own bagpipe band.

Robert Burns: the Scottish poet who wrote the famous song Auld Lang Syne, which British people sing every New Years Eve.

A. Test yourself. Complete the quiz.

 

1. What is the capital of Scotland?

a) Aberdeen b) Edinburgh c) Glasgow

2. A tartan kilt is

a) spotted b) striped c) checked

3. A loch is the Scottish word for

a) lake b) river c) an island

4. A drink associated with Scotland is

a) wine b) lager c) whisky

5. Bagpipes are a kind of

a) purse b) flower c) musical instrument

 

B. Vocabulary work. Which is the odd word out?

 

1. forest wood river tree

2. lake sea ocean stone

3. valley mountain eagle cliff

4. sea coast beach field

5. flower rock bush plant

6. road street stream path

Which four words above can you make into adjectives by adding y?

C. Choose whether the statements below are true or false. Correct the false ones.

True False

   

1. Scottish clans wear the same, identical kilts.

2. The nickname for the Loch Ness Monster is Nessie.

3. Burn means lake in Scotland.

4. A kilt is a type of tartan skirt.

5. In the Highland Games, the Scots play trumpets.

6. The Scots do not have their own language.

7. Shakespeare is a famous Scottish poet.

8. Robert Burns was a Scottish poet who wrote the famous song Auld Lang Syne.

9. The Highland Games offer only sports events.

10. Harris Tweed is a musical instrument.

 

D. Complete the sentences with which, who or where, using the facts that you know.

1. Aviemore is a place in the Scottish Highlands ______ people ski.

2. Robert Louis Stevenson was a Scottish writer ______ wrote Treasure Island.

3. Gaelic is a language ______ is only spoken by a few people.

4. The golden eagle is a rare bird ______ lives in the Scottish Highlands.

5. The Highlanders are people ______ live in the Scottish Highlands.

6. Harries is the name of the island ______ they make Harries tweed.

 

9. Work in pairs! Imagine the situations that you can spend some days in England, make up and reproduce the dialogues: A look at England.

If you could visit 3 places of interest in England, which would you choose and why?

Think over the following questions.

What do you know about

1) the United Kingdom as an island state?

2) the main countries of the United Kingdom and their capitals?

3) the languages spoken in the United Kingdom?

4) powers the Queen has in the government?

5) who is next in line to the British crown?

6) the highest point in the British Isles?

7) the chief rivers of Great Britain?

8) Scottish names?

9) sightseeing of London?

10) famous people of Great Britain?

11) river which is associated with the name of Shakespeare?

 

11. Comprehension check. All the answers to these definitions begin with the letter E.

1. One of the countries of Great Britain.

2. Another name of Irish Republic.

3. The capital of Scotland.

4. Citizens of England.

5. One of the three parts of London.

6. A rare bird which lives only in the Scottish Highlands.

 

Speak about the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Focus on Grammar

Passive Voice

to be + Past Participle (PP)

I.

Present Simple am / is / are + PP e. g. The office is cleaned twice a week.
Past Simple was / were + PP e. g. The office was cleaned last week.
Future Simple will be + PP e. g. The office will be cleaned tomorrow.
Present Continuous am / is / are being + PP e. g. The office is being cleaned now.
Past Continuous was / were being + PP e. g. The office was being cleaned when the boss arrived.
Present Perfect have / has been + PP e. g. The office has already been cleaned.
Past Perfect had been + PP e. g. The office had been cleaned by two oclock.
Future Perfect will have been + PP e. g. The office will have been cleaned by the morning.

II. Infinitive in Passive Voice: to be + PP

e. g. He wants to be told the truth.

III. Modal Verbs in Passive Voice: modal verb + be + PP

e. g. The roof of the house must be repaired.

Make up the sentences using the Present Simple Passive Tense as in the example.

Example: English (speak) in Great Britain.

English is spoken in Great Britain.

1. A tartan kilt (wear) by Scottish men.

2. The Britain Flag (name) Union Jack.

3. Great Britain (head) by the Queen.

4. Stonehenge (make) of massive blocks of stones.

5. The Beatles (know) all over the world.

6. The Queens power (limit) by the Parliament.

7. Bagpipes (play) in Scotland.

8. Bentley cars (produce) in Britain.

9. Yellow Submarine (sing) by the Beatles.

10. Northern Ireland (call) the Emerald Isle.

 

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