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EDUCATION IN UKRAINE, GREAT BRITAIN AND THE USA

PART I. Education in Ukraine

Pre-reading Activities

1. Match the following English words with their Ukrainian equivalents:

 

1. appointment of staff a)

2. nursery school, kindergarten b)

3. compulsory c)

4. headmaster / headmistress d)

5. deputy head e)

6. school leaver f)

7. postgraduate g)

8. Candidate of Science h)

9. fee-paying i)

10. vocational training school j)

11. primary school k)

13. psychology l)

14. law m)

15. sociology n)

16. agriculture o)

17. engineering p)

18. subject q)

 

Reading Activities

 

Read Text 1 and compare what you know about the system of education in Ukraine with the information in the text:

Text 1. EDUCATION IN UKRAINE

 

Present day independent Ukraine has a well-developed system of education which matches the standards of the developed countries. Pre-school education is not compulsory and is fee-paying. Most parents take their children to nursery schools or kindergartens at the age of 3. Up to the age of 5 children mostly eat, sleep and play there, but in senior groups they are taught the basics of arithmetic, reading, writing, arts and in some schools foreign languages.

Compulsory secondary education begins at the age of 6-7 and is free in state schools and fee-paying in private ones. Secondary education includes three stages: primary (1-4 grades), basic (5-10 grades) and senior (11-12 grades). In general secondary schools children start learning foreign languages from the 2nd grade and have fewer lessons of language a week than specialized language schools that start teaching languages from the 1st grade. Recently new types of schools have appeared: gymnasiums and lyceums. In addition, there are schools with technical, computer, mathematical, law, pedagogical and art specialization. All the subjects in the secondary schools are obligatory but there are optional courses that students of senior grades can take.

Extra-curricular activities usually include a variety of sports and drama clubs, interest groups and various school parties.

Institutions of higher learning (higher educational establishments) include universities, academies, institutes and conservatories. Among the best known higher educational establishments there are Shevchenko Kyiv National University, Kyiv Polytechnic University, International Independent University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Kyiv State Conservatory, Lviv State University, Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv State Polytechnic University and many others.

Postgraduate education begins after the last year of studies and usually results in thesis on the chosen scientific topic and the degree of the Candidate of Science. Doctorate Degree is awarded for an outstanding scientific research.

 

Post-reading Activities

 

1. State if these sentences are true or false:

1. The system of education in Ukraine matches the standards of the developed countries.

2. Pre-school education is fee-paying.

3. Most parents take their children to kindergartens at the age of 8.

4. Children are not taught the basics of arithmetic, reading and writing in senior groups.

5. Compulsory secondary education begins at the age of 9-10 and is free in private schools.

6. There are schools with different specializations in our country.

7. Children dont like extra-curricular activities.

8. There are no higher educational establishments in our country.

2. Read Text 1 again and make notes under the headings below, then present a one-minute TV talk on education in Ukraine:

Pre-school Education

Secondary Education

Post-secondary and Higher Education

Start like this:Hello. Todays theme is the Education in Ukraine.

 

Study the table and answer the questions.

Subjects

You can normally do/study these subjects at university but not always at school:

Medicine Law Philosophy Engineering
Psychology Sociology Architecture Politics
Business studies Agriculture History of Art  

Which subjects do the students do at University?

Which subjects do the pupils do at school?

Which subjects do you think are the most important to study at school\university?

Here are some school subjects but the letters are mixed up. What are the subjects?

Example: MGREAN German.

 

1. TAHMS

2. IRTHOSY

3. CNECSEI

4. NISGEHL

5. HOGTCEYNLO

6. EHGORAGPY

7. RAT

8. SIMCU

9. EHNFCR

10.NEOCCIOSM

 

Look at the heading of Text 2 and try to guess what it is about.

Suggest some possible types of homework.

 

Read and memorize the following words.

waste

survey ,

to conclude

to perform well

amount

issue

to prove

assignment

rote

concept

value

grade

to encourage

score

to emphasize

to research

proof

resource ;

to share a room

chore

inequality

to fly in the face

opportunity

low achiever

sick note

strict punishment

library facilities

to skip lessons

 

Read Text 2.

Text 2. HOMEWORK: IS IT GOOD FOR YOU?

Do You Like Homework? Did It Help You in School?

Is Homework a Waste of Time?

In the middle of the 1980s, a commission conducted a survey of American education and concluded that pupils were at risk: they were not getting a good education and not performing well in school. One easy way to improve was to increase the amount of homework.

But now, some educators think homework has gone too far. Even six-year-old pupils get homework. In some schools in California, primary school pupils do an average of two hours a week. Educators disagree on homework. There are two main issues they disagree on. The first issue is whether or not homework actually improves your studies. The second issue is whether or not homework is fair.

Does Homework Help?

There are a lot of different types of homework. Some teachers give assignments that are rote assignments. You repeat an idea, word or concept over and over again. This might mean writing ten sentences using the verb to be or doing ten math calculations using the same formula. Critics of homework say that this work has no real learning value. Other kinds of homework include reading, writing papers or studying for tests.

Some of these types of homework assignments may indeed help you get a better grade or get a better test score. That would mean your academic achievement is higher. But are you really learning more? Some educators encourage homework that is more creative and emphasizes understanding. If you are studying Japan, for example, you might be asked to create a costumed doll or do a report on Buddhism or research food in Japan.

Is Homework Fair?

Etta Briggs from a college in California says there is no proof that homework makes you do better in school. She believes that homework is unfair.

Why? Some children have well-educated parents and lots of books and resources, including a computer, at home. They have their own room and a quiet place to study. Other children have poorly-educated parents. They have to share a room with a sister or a brother. They have no place to study, and no resources at home. They may even have a job. Etta Briggs thinks homework increases social inequality and flies in the face of the American ideal of equal educational opportunity.

Some students say that homework is good because it means they spend time with their parents. Some educators found that students who were low achievers and did very little homework had less educated parents.

Etta Briggs and other educators believe that the pupils should have time for independent work, like doing exercises, researching, writing papers and studying for exams, during the school day. What do you think?

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