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A. Understanding main points

Read the text below about ways of travelling and answer the questions, beginning your answers with the following phrases:as a rule ; to tell the truth ; as far as I know ; the matter is that ; as far as I remember ; as far as I am concerned ; frankly/strictly speaking ; to make a long story short .

 

1. Why do millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling?

2. Where do people who live in the country and city dwellers like to go? Why?

3. What way of travelling is the fastest and the most convenient one? Why?

4. What is the procedure of booking seats on a flight to your destination?

5. What information can the travel agent give you?

6. What is the passenger supposed to do at the airport?

7. When are passengers invited to board the plane and take their seats?

8. What are the duties of the stewardess?

9. Why is travelling by plane unpleasant for many people? What helps them?

10. What are the advantages and disadvantages of travelling by train?

B. Understanding details

Mark the statements T (true) or F (false) according to the information in the text. Give your reason using the following phrases: as a matter of fact ...; I don't think so ; I'm of the same opinion ; in my opinion ; on the contrary ; strictly speaking ...; to my mind ... .

 

1. Millions of people travel to see the ruins of ancient towns.

2. Those people who live in the country like a quiet holiday in the mountains.

3. City dwellers usually go to a big city, spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants.

4. Speed is a very important factor for many people.

5. Whenever you want to go somewhere by plane you shouldnt book a seat on a flight to your destination beforehand, you can do it on board the plane.

6. Before boarding the plane, you should have your luggage registered and weighed.

7. Nowadays there is no need for the passengers to go through the security check where their hand luggage is checked.

8. The pilots greet the passengers and show them to their seats.

9. When the plane takes off, one of the pilots gives the passengers all the information about the flight.

10. The railway transport is one of the most expensive ways of travelling.

11. Modern trains have sleeping cars and dining cars, which make even the longest journey enjoyable.

12. Travelling by sea is the most unpopular way of travelling.

13. The advantages of travelling by car are that you can stop wherever you wish and spend at any place as much time as you like.

 

WAYS OF TRAVELLING

 

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. It is always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, and to listen to different musical rhythms. Those, who live in the country, like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea, or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk, bathe and laze in the sun.

People travel by train, by plane, by boat, by coach, by motorcycle and by car. For most people, speed is a very important factor when they are travelling. They want to reach their destination as quickly as possible. Travelling by plane is the fastest and the most convenient way. When you reach your place of destination in a few hours you realize all the advantages of travelling by air.

Whenever you want to go somewhere by plane you should book a seat on a flight to your destination for a certain date. You may book a single, return or open return ticket. When booking a ticket you should mention what class you are going to travel: first, business or economy class. You may ask the travel agent what time the coach leaves the airport terminal for the airport and what is the latest time of check-in at the airport.

Before boarding the plane, you should register your luggage at a check-in desk. Here you are required to have your luggage weighed, and then a uniformed attendant attaches a special label to it and gives you a boarding pass. There is no need to worry about your luggage any longer. It will be put in the luggage compartment of the plane. If your luggage weighs more than allowed, you are supposed to pay for the additional weight. Then you must go through the security check where your hand luggage is checked.

Before the flight you have to spend some time at the airport. You may wait in the departure lounge. Then you hear your flight announced, and the passengers are invited to board the plane and take their seats. The announcer says when and at what gate your flight is boarding, or he/she may announce a delay of your flight. It often happens that a delay of a flight is due to adverse weather conditions. In this case you can obtain a voucher for refreshments. These vouchers are accepted at the cafeteria, and you can have your meal free of charge till you hear the announcement that your flight is boarding.

The stewardess greets the passengers and shows them to their seats. The airplane armchairs are very cosy, and they are equipped with safety belts, which must be fastened during both take off and landing. Sometimes the order to fasten the belts may be given during the flight.

When the plane takes off, the stewardess gives the passengers all the information about the flight, the speed and the altitude at which the plane will be flying. She asks the passengers to fasten seat belts and not to smoke during the flight. Then she offers them some mineral water, lemonade and sweets. The stewardesses are usually very amiable and cater for the passengers' wants and needs. If you want anything during the flight, you are to press a button with a pictogram of a stewardess, and she will immediately come to your help. During the flight the passengers do whatever they like. Some of them read, others sleep, chat or look through the porthole at the beautiful scenery. The plane occasionally sways very gently up and down or from side to side, giving the scene of a strangely unreal quality. Sometimes you can see the land below. It looks like a topographical map. For many people the only unpleasant thing about that kind of travelling is that during take off and landing their ears hurt a little. They usually chew a gum to relieve this little discomfort. Sometimes yawning and swallowing help.

Although we all agree that the future belongs to air transport but the railway transport is still one of the most popular and the cheapest ways of travelling. Travelling by train is slower than by plane, but it has its advantages. You can see interesting places of the country you are travelling through. Modern trains have sleeping cars and dining cars, which make even the longest journey enjoyable. There are also some disadvantages of travelling by train. Trains stop at many stations and are often delayed. It is usually stuffy in the cars. That is why it is better to travel in compartment cars, which have two or four comfortable berths.

Travelling by sea is popular mostly for pleasure trips. One may travel either by sea or by river on board a seagoing liner or a river cruise ship. On board large ships and small riverboats people can visit foreign countries and different places of interest within their own country. A sea voyage is very pleasant. However, if the sea is rough, some passengers are seasick. If you are not a poor sailor you wont be afraid of the rough sea, you can walk up and down the deck in any weather but storm. Ships usually reach the port of destination on time according to their schedule.

Many people prefer travelling by car. It is very convenient and it is becoming very popular nowadays. The advantages of this way of travelling are that you can plan your trip. You needn't reserve your tickets. You are not afraid of missing your train or airplane. You needn't carry heavy suitcases. You can stop wherever you wish and spend at any place as much time as you like.

 

VOCABULARY NOTES

destination, n. ; fnal/ultmate destnaton ; nland destnaton ( ); seaboard destnaton .

ticket, n. ; ar/plane tcket ; baggage tcket ; economy tcket ; frst-class tcket ; ralway tcket ; return/round trp tcket ; sngle tcket .

airport terminal, n. ; freght termnal ; marne termnal ; passenger termnal ; prvate termnal .

airport, n. ; alternate arport ; commercal arport ; customs arport ; domestc arport ; nternatonal arport ; passenger arport ; transfer arport .

luggage, n. ; excess luggage ; free luggage , ; hand luggage ; left luggage offce ; luggage compartment .

landing, n. ; crash/emergency/forced landng ; soft landng .

speed, n. ; at full speed ; average speed ; low/slow speed ; top speed ; to cut speed .

seat belt, n. ; to fasten seat belts .

train, n. ; commuter tran ; drect/through tran ; express tran ' ; extra tran ; fast tran ; freght/goods tran ; local tran ; relef tran ; stoppng tran .

passenger, n. ; through passenger ; to carry passengers ; to embark/to pck up/to take on passengers .

car, n. ; compartment car ; dnng car -; goods car ; mal car ; passenger car ; ralway car ; sleepng car ; traler car .

ship, n. ; ; cargo/freght shp ; merchant/tradng shp ; ocean-gong shp ; seagong shp .

VOCABULARY EXERCISES

 

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