IV. Put the verbs in the correct tense form

1. Afterward, he (to elect) Arkansas attorney general.

2. Almost all the powers of the Crown (to use) by various government officials in the monarchs name.

3. Although private transport is also subject to government policy, it (to affect) more slowly.

4. April's supplementary budget (to design) to boost only domestic firms.

5. He (to promote) to senior vice president of operations.

6. It (to create) by a former vice president of marketing for Nestle.

7. Not long ago she (to face) with a problem over her official duties.

8. Previously he (to engage) in making a geological map of Devon.

9. The Catholic church (to involve) in job creation, but they are not businessmen.

10. This statement (to make) by the English to describe the meteorological conditions of their country.


V. Refer the following statements to the past and to the future if possible

1. After the change of the Government the same civil servants are employed.

2. Departments and ministries are run by civil servants, who are permanent officials.

3. Members of the House of Commons are paid a salary and an allowance.

4. Researchers are also invited to present their ideas and findings directly to ministers and officials at seminars.

5. The Prime Minister is appointed directly by the Crown.

6. The privileges are supposed to cover mail sent as part of official duties.

7. The royal couple is rarely seen together outside official engagements.

8. These reforms are partially aimed at reducing the influence of court officials and other persons who served as unofficial lawyers.

9. Two White House officials are convicted of serious charges.

10. Workers are given the grim news by union officials at a mass meeting.

VI. Say whether the action of the object clause precedes, follows or is simultaneous with the action of the principal clause in the following sentences

1. A spokeswoman for the Savoy Group said that anything a concierge earned on top of his basic salary was entirely his affair.

2. He argued that the new government would have a clear mandate for change.

3. He said that the bill would take effect after receiving the assent of President.

4. He said there was an issue that should be explored by state and federal officials.

5. Respondents said the president would be able to handle a variety of issues.

6. She knew he would have a base salary while he set up his new career.

7. The chancellor said he had no plans to assume any other political posts.

8. The director said that the average salary had decreased by the end of the year.

9. The government said that Iceland had no plans to resume whaling.

10. They knew the authorities would never recognize this.

VII. Use the required tense aspect forms in the following sentences, observing the rules of the sequence of tenses

1. He ended by saying that Police (to recover) some of the stolen property.

2. He was sure that the national government (not to wish) to be responsible for a bloody slave uprising.

3. He wondered if all that (to suppose) to end with the new democratic government.

4. I could see they (to decide) to start suing bigots.

5. I knew that East Anglia (to affect) by the fall in the property market.

6. She didnt know why Payne (to deal) in the risky syndicated property market.

7. She felt that he (to appropriate) his country's natural resources as his personal property.

8. She figured out that the property market (to soften).

9. She knew that banking (to be) the occupation yielding the greatest number of high salaries.

10. She knew that there (to be) increases in civil service wages.

VIII. Ask your friends and then say what they answered


Model: Ask your friend if the United Kingdom has Ministry of Justice. Does the United Kingdom have Ministry of Justice? Yes, it does.

The United Kingdom has Ministry of Justice. He said that the United Kingdom had Ministry of Justice.


Ask your friend:

1. if state organs of the U.K. include the monarchy, the legislative, executive and judicial organs of Government.

2. if the British call their government Her Majestys Government.

3. if the centre of parliamentary power is the House of Commons.

4. if the crown symbolizes the British monarchs supreme power.

5. if the Home Secretary is responsible for the prevention of criminal offences.

6. if the Lord Chancellor is responsible for the composition of the courts.

7. if the monarch asks the Prime minister to form a government

8. if the monarch formally summons, dismisses and dissolves Parliament.

9. if the State System of any nation is not an artificial creation of some genius.

10. if the thrown passes from a king or a queen to his or her eldest son or daughter.


IX. Make up sentences from the words given below


1. ago; centuries; Constitution; over; the; two; United States; was; written.

2. are; by; certain; Constitution; federal; given; government; powers; the; the; to.

3. among; branches; divided; government; is; national; power; the; three; within.

4. ambassadors; and; appointed; are; by; officials; other; president; the.

5. appointed; are; by; departments; government; headed; major; of; secretaries; the; the.

6. a count of; a; by; determined; districts; in; is; number; of; population; state; the; the.

7. branch; by; Court; headed; is; judicial; Supreme; the; the.

8. and; are; branches; divided; executive; governments; into; judicial; legislative; state.

9. century; Democratic; eighteenth; formed; in; party; the; the; was.

10. and; are; by; classes; Democrats; poor; supported; the; the; the; working.






Answer these questions

1. What do we mean when we say that the UK has two distinct systems of courses and qualifications?

2. How many stages of education are there in Britain?



A. Understanding main points

Read the text below about the education in the United Kingdom and answer the questions, beginning your answers withthe following phrases:as a rule ; to tell the truth ; as far as I know ; the matter is that ; as far as I remember ; as far as I am concerned ; frankly/strictly speaking ; to make a long story short .


1. What separate school systems is British education divided into? What is the difference between them?

2. Do you think that all British children of compulsory school age go to state schools? Why?

3. Is education in the UK compulsory for everyone? At what age do many children start their education?

4. How many stages are there in education in Britain? What are they?

5. Till what age is preparatory school available for children studying in the independent system?

6. Do all UK secondary schools prepare pupils for the General Certificate of Secondary Education or equivalent qualifications?

7. What does the higher education in Britain include? Where does it take place?

8. Do you think that there are great distinctions between different types of universities in Britain? Why?

9. What British universities are the oldest ones? When were they founded? What do they consist of?

10. Are Oxford and Cambridge teaching systems unique in the world? Why?

11. What do we mean when we say that the university is self-governing?

12. Why is the Open University considered to be one of the developments in education in Britain?

13. What do you know about the system of education in Scotland?

B. Understanding details

Mark the statements T (true) or F (false) according to the information in the text. Give your reason using the following phrases: as a matter of fact ...; I

don't think so ; I'm of the same opinion ; in my opinion ; on the contrary ;

strictly speaking ...; to my mind ... .


1. The UK has one system of courses and qualifications for England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.

2. Education in the UK is compulsory for everyone between the ages of six and eighteen.

3. Children start their education with the Pre-school education which is available in the independent systems.

4. All UK state secondary schools teach pupils until the age of sixteen.

5. Only state schools prepare students for the General Certificate of Secondary Education or equivalent qualifications.

6. There are four stages in education: pre-school education, primary education, secondary education and education at university or college.

7. After completing compulsory education at the age of sixteen, students may legally leave school and start work.

8. The grading system is A to G; D is usually required by universities.

9. Oxford and Cambridge universities were founded in the nineteenth century.

10. Universities dont have substantial freedom from central control.

11. One of the developments in education in Britain is the Open University which allows everybody to study for degree.

12. The university courses are taught through television, its students work individually and discuss their work through correspondence; only in summer they attend short courses.


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