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II. Put the following sentences in the Passive Voice

 

1. All our staff receive training on effective ways to polish every surface and clean every corner.

2. He also underlines one of the main reasons why community education did not become a radical movement for social change.

3. John Kerry described the governor as an enemy of higher education.

4. Many parents cannot afford private education for their children.

5. The federal government controls six percent of the education budget.

6. The Fellows teach the college students either one-to-one or in very small groups.

7. The region's community education department received a very big sum of money last summer.

8. They also proposed bilingual education in schools.

9. They sponsor ambitious programs in adult education.

10. They usually select students on the basis of A-level results and an interview.

 

III. Add question tags to the following statements and give short answers

 

1. A nursery unit was built twenty years ago.

2. Children are taught foreign languages at school.

3. Higher education in the U.S. is also called postsecondary education.

4. Jobs in education are not usually highly paid.

5. Nearly all U.S. postsecondary institutions are licensed.

6. Research Doctorates are awarded in the academic disciplines.

7. The higher education system is characterized by accessibility and autonomy.

8. The Open University was founded in 1971.

9. The university courses are taught through television, radio and coursebooks.

10. This class will not be run by community education.

 

IV. Put the verbs in the correct tense form

1. Even in the field of education support (to skew) in favor of foreign students.

2. He said that Democrats (to want) to spend the money on education, training and other programs.

3. In some areas new modules (to write) to meet the needs of students seeking entry to higher education.

4. In the school, children (to expect) to receive the education of the book.

5. More aid (to propose) for bilingual education, special education and school construction and repairs.

6. Pre-school attendance and university education (to distribute) as unequally today, as they were in the 1940s.

7. Solicitors (to require) to undertake continuing education as long as they practise.

8. Some of the schools (to convert) to new uses.

9. That (to accomplish) by putting the jobless at the front of the line for the new education and training program.

10. The new policies (to welcome) by people working in education.

 

V. Rewrite the following sentences in indirect speech. Make the necessary changes in verbs and pronouns

Model: Im coming tomorrow. (say)

He said that he was coming the next day.

 

1. I am going away tomorrow. (say)

2. I got my degree ten years ago. (tell)

3. I have a German lesson this afternoon and I havent done my homework yet. (say)

4. I just heard about a job at a scientific research company. (say)

5. I majored in science at Florida State. (say)

6. I work as a programmer for Data Systems. (tell)

7. It isnt so foggy today as it was yesterday. (remark)

8. It sounds like the right job for you. (say)

9. They dont want a recent college graduate. (say)

10. They want someone with some experience as a programmer. (tell)

 

VI. Put the following in indirect speech

 

1. At what age does secondary education in Scotland begin? Pete asked.

2. How many distinct systems of courses and qualifications does the UK have? I wondered.

3. How many universities and colleges of higher education are there in Scotland? she asked.

4. What are the stages of education in Britain? my friend wanted to know.

5. What expenses can a state grant cover? the teacher wondered.

6. What is the English Department for Education and Employment responsible for? he enquired.

7. What levels of degree can students choose? he enquired.

8. When do students take the examinations for the Scottish Qualifications Certificate? they wondered.

9. Where does the Higher Education take place in the UK? he asked.

10. Why is the Open University one of the developments in education in Britain? she asked.

 

VII. Put the following in direct speech with the appropriate punctuation

1. He asked Ann where the Higher Education in the UK took place.

2. He enquired what levels of degree students could choose.

3. He enquired what the English Department for Education and Employment was responsible for.

4. I wondered how many distinct systems of courses and qualifications the UK had.

5. My friend wanted to know what stages of education Britain had.

6. Pete asked me at what age secondary education in Scotland began.

7. She asked the students how many universities and colleges of higher education there were in Scotland.

8. She asked her friend why the Open University in Britain was one of the developments in education.

9. The teacher wondered what expenses a state grant could cover.

10. They wondered when students took the examinations for the Scottish Qualifications Certificate.

VIII. Make up sentences from the words given below

 

1. and; courses; distinct; had; he; of; qualifications; said; systems; that; the; two; UK.

2. British; divided; education; into; is; school; separate; systems; two.

3. age; at; children; five; in; knew; of; primary; school; state; system; that; the; the; to; we; went.

4. and; Cambridge; founded; in; medieval; Oxford; period; the; universities; were.

5. accepted; A-level; are; better; have; results; students; those; usually; who.

6. a; are; are; during; job; not; parents; rich; students; supposed; take; term; the; their; to; unless.

7. ago; Britain; founded; in; Open; over; the; thirty; University; was; years.

8. and; are; coursebooks; courses; radio; taught; television; the; through; university.

9. age; at; examinations; for; of; seventeen; students; that; the SQC; the; the; thought; took; we.

10. a; at; course; level; of; offered; options; postgraduate; said; Scotland; speaker; that; the; the; wealth.

 

UNIT 11

EDUCATION IN THE USA

BEFORE YOU READ

Answer these questions

1. Does the age of entry to compulsory education in the U.S. vary according to the state? What age is the most common?

2. How many sectors is higher education in the U.S. divided into? What are they?

 

READING TASKS

A. Understanding main points

Read the text below about the education system in the USA and answer the questions, beginning your answers with the following phrases:as a rule ; to tell the truth ; as far as I know ; the matter is that ; as far as I remember ; as far as I am concerned ; frankly/strictly speaking ; to make a long story short .

 

1. What is the length of primary education? How many years of middle school education is it followed by?

2. What grades does secondary education occur in? Does it depend upon the laws and policies of states and local school districts?

3. Is there a national structure, curriculum or governing law in the USA? Who are all laws and policies set and enforced by?

4. What is the common name for the secondary graduation qualification?

5. What do we mean when we say that the higher education system is characterized by accessibility, diversity, and autonomy and is known for both its size and quality?

6. Does the federal government have jurisdiction or authority over the recognition of educational institutions? Why?

7. What Degree is the first academic or professional degree that can be awarded in U.S. postsecondary education?

8. May holders of this Degree apply to enter other degree programmes? Are they qualified to apply directly for advanced studies programmes?

9. What is the second academic degree that can be awarded in U.S. postsecondary education? What does it generally require?

10. What are Research Doctorates awarded in and for?

B. Understanding details

Mark the statements T (true) or F (false) according to the information in the text. Give your reason using the following phrases: as a matter of fact ...; I don't think so ; I'm of the same opinion ; in my opinion ; on the contrary ; strictly speaking ...; to my mind ... .

 

1. The most common age of entry to compulsory education in the U.S. is five and the most common age of exit is eighteen.

2. Secondary education occurs in grades seven twelve, depending upon the laws and policies of states and local school districts.

3. All states and school districts have set the secondary school graduation level as the completion of twelfth grade.

4. The higher education system is characterized by accessibility, diversity, and autonomy and is known for both its size and quality.

5. The Master's Degree is the first academic or professional degree that can be awarded in U.S. postsecondary education.

6. Holders of the Master's Degree may apply to enter other first degree programmes.

7. The Bachelor's Degree is the second academic degree that can be awarded in U.S. postsecondary education.

8. The Bachelor's Degree is one of three such undergraduate degrees that qualify a student to apply to programmes of graduate study.

9. Master's degrees generally require completion of a series of course requirements.

10. Doctoral programmes require intensive study and research in at least one subfield and professional level competence in several others.

 

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