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THE GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM

VOCABULARY EXERCISES

I. 1. a 2. p 3. o 4. m 5. l 6. q 7. f 8. n 9. h 10. k
  11. b 12. c 13. r 14. s 15. j 16. d 17. e 18. g 19. i  
II. 1. g 2. f 3. b 4. d 5. c 6. e 7. a
III. 1. 2h 3j 2. 2l 3a 3. 2b 3c 4. 2g 3d 5. 2d 3h 6. 2a 3g
  7. 2i 3f 8. 2f 3k 9. 2c 3b 10. 2e 3i 11. 2k 3e 12. 2j 3l

 

V. 1. n 2. l 3. m 4. f 5. g 6. d 7. c
  8. a 9. b 10. h 11. i 12. k 13. e 14. j

 

VI. 1. populaton; 2. mountan; 3. channel; 4. regon; 5. island; 6. archpelago; 7. captal; 8. descendant; 9. trbutaries.
 

 

ACTIVATION EXERCISES

 

III. 1. from, by, from, to; 2. of, into; 3. in, in; 4. in, from, b; 5. of, in; 6. of, on, at; 7. of, about, of; 8. across, from, of; 9. of, in; 10. of, by; 11. of; 12. of, over; 13. of, off, of.
 
 

 

IV. 1. _, _, the; 2. the, _, _, _; 3. the, the; 4. the, the, the, _; 5. the, the, the; 6. the, _, _; 7. the, _, the; 8. the; 9. the, _, _; 10. the, the, the; 11. the, _; 12. the, the.
 

 

V. 1. densely, contain; 2. subdivided into; 3. lying off; 4. comprises, most of; 5. descendants, settled; 6. consist of; 7. mild and temperate; 8. humid and mild; symbols; 9. is washed by; 10. ranks, depending on; 11. extends; 12. population, exceed, included; 13. inhabited by, constitute.
 
 
 
VI. 1. England is separated from Scotland by the Cheviot Hills, running from east to west. 2. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousands five hundred smaller islands. 3. The UK is inhabited by the English, the Scottish, the Welsh, and the Northern Irish, who constitute the British nation. 4. The climate in Britain is generally mild and temperate because of the Gulf Stream. 5. Poppy is the symbol of peace, the red rose is the national emblem of England, the thistle is the national emblem of Scotland and the Edinburgh International Festival. 6. On the northwest side of the Pennine system there is the Lake District, containing the beautiful lakes which give it its name. 7. The daffodils and the leek are the emblems of Wales, the shamrock is the emblem of Ireland. 8. The distribution of the population is rather uneven, about 80 percent of the population is urban. 9. The island of Great Britain is subdivided into two main regionsLowland Britain and Highland Britain. 10. The Isle of Man, the largest island in Europe, stretches over approximately ten degrees of latitude on its longer, northsouth axis. 11. The Pennine Chain extends southward from the Cheviot Hills into the Midlands, a plain region with low hills and valleys. 12. These various origins explain many of the differences to be found between England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland differences in education, religion and the legal systems, but most obviously, in language.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

GRAMMAR EXERCISES

II. 1. highest, higher; 2. largest; 3. fewer; 4. largest, most important; 5. longest; 6. narrowest; 7. swiftest; 8. widest.
 
IV. 1. saw, were hurrying; 2. had broken; 3. spends; 4. will be swimming; 5. shall have bought; 6. shall be seeing; 7. will be going; 8. shall be swimming; 9. have phoned; 10. left.
 
 
X. 1. They have been building this factory for five years. 2. He has been learning English for three months. 3. She had been living there for ten years by that time. 4. When you came we had been looking for it for an hour. 5. You will have been playing chess for half an hour by four o'clock. 6. When they came he had been reading a book for an hour. 7. You had been playing the piano for two hours by eight o'clock. 8. had been reading it for two hours by that time.
 
 
 
 
 

UNIT 7

THE GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF THE UNITED STATES

VOCABULARY EXERCISES

I. 1. p 2. d 3. l 4. c 5. o 6. n 7.a 8. e 9. b
  10. h 11. q 12. g 13. m 14. k 15. j 16. f 17. i  
II. 1. d 2. g 3. b 4. a 5. c 6. e 7. f
III. 1. 2g 3d 2. 2k 3i 3. 2a 3k 4. 2j 3f 5. 2b 3l 6. 2e 3g
  7. 2h 3a 8. 2f 3j 9. 2c 3c 10. 2d 3h 11. 2i 3b 12. 2l 3e
V. 1. f 2. n 3. i 4. e 5. b 6. j 7. a
  8. g 9. h 10. l 11. d 12. m 13. c 14. k
VI. 1. constructon ste; 2. commercal development; 3. metropols; 4. state, power; 5. lneal descendant; 6. nspect a ste; 7. mountan range; 8. summt; 9. pne wood; 10. area, zone; 11. sellng terrtory; 12. steep hll; 13. shppng canal; 14. place; 15. dense forest.
 
 
 
VII. 1. peaks; 2. valleys. 3. development; 4. terrtory; 5. typhoon; 6. dversty; 7. contnent; 8. prare; 9. marsh; 10. boundary.
 

ACTIVATION EXERCISES

 

III. 1. on; 2. from, of; 3. of, in, in; 4. of, of, by; 5. along, of; 6. of, of; 7. together, by; 8. of, to, of; 9. around, for; 10. of; 11. in, of.
 

 

IV. 1. the, _; 2. the, the, _; 3. the, the; 4. the, _; 5. _, the, _; 6. the, the; 7. the, the, a; 8. the, the, the; 9. the, _, the; 10. the, an, _; 11. the, a, _; 12. the, a, _.
 

 

V. 1. diversity; 2. bordering on; 3. marsh; 4. average annual temperature; 5. joined together; 6. in the east, in the west; 7. dominated by, mixed forests; 8. coniferous forests, principal; 9. boundary; 10. irregular; 11. stretches; 12. for short; 13. flowing; 14. permanent site.
 
 
 
VI. 1. Washington was chosen as permanent site for the nations capital by George Washington. 2. In general, the climate in North America is much colder than in Europe and the average annual temperature of New York is 11. 3. The total area of the USA is over nine million square kilometers. 4. Canada to the north and Mexico to the south are the only countries bordering on the United States. 5. The south has a subtropical climate, hot winds blowing from the Gulf of Mexico often bring typhoons. 6. The continental part of the USA consists of four physical geographical parts: two highland and two lowland regions. 7. Between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains there are the central lowlands, called the prairie. 8. The Missouri is one of the Mississippi's many long tributaries. 9. The Pacific Northwest has dense coniferous forests with fir, hemlock, and spruce. 10. The Rocky Mountains are considered to be young, high, rough, and irregular in shape. 11. The United States is situated in the central part of the North American continent. 12. The Northern Appalachians and the upper Great Lakes region are dominated by mixed forests of birch, beech, maple and pine.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

GRAMMAR EXERCISES

III.
Positive good well bad far far old old near late
Comparative better better worse farther further elder older nearer later
Superlative best best worst farthest furthest eldest oldest nearest latest
IV. 1. colder; 2. highest, farthest, fastest; 3. coldest; 4. largest, smallest; 5. more, sooner; 6. largest; 7. later.

 

VIII. 1. isnt he? 2. didnt he? 3. does he? 4. wont he? 5. hadnt I? 6. shant I? 7. wont they? 8. didnt we? 9. have we? 10. wasnt she?
 

 

IX. 1. will tell, leaves; 2. have not had, took, has not brought; 3. felt, had spent; 4. is, has been; 5. come; 6. will start, receive; 7. had been driving, came; 8. had, had missed; 9. arrived, was staying, met.
 
 

 

XI. 1. will be answering; 2. shall have done; 3. shall be waiting; 4. shall have been working; 5. will have translated; 6. will have been reached; 7. will have examined; 8. will be making; 9. will have shown; 10. shall be watching.
 
 

 

XII. 1. We always consult a dictionary while we are translating from English. 2. The telephone had been ringing for several minutes when he took the receiver. 3. I am going to spend my summer vacation in the Caucasus. 4. I went out of the room because of the boys who were making a lot of noise. 5. I was washing the dishes while mother was cooking dinner. 6. When you come back the children will already be sleeping. 7. The girl has not slept since the day before yesterday. 8. He has not received any letters from her this week. 9. He had been looking for the magazine for thirty minutes when father came. 10. I shall have been training for half an hour when you come.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

UNIT 8

THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN BRITAIN

VOCABULARY EXERCISES

 

I. 1. c 2. j 3. f 4. a 5. o 6. m 7. h 8. p 9. k 10. g
  11. r 12. d 13. l 14. e 15. s 16. n 17. q 18. i 19. b  

 

II. 1. f 2. e 3. a 4. g 5. d 6. b 7. c
III. 1. 2i 3j 2.2g 3e 3. 2c 3c 4. 2e 3a 5. 2j 3l 6. 2h 3h
  7. 2k 3d 8. 2l 3k 9. 2f 3g 10. 2d 3i 11. 2a 3f 12. 2b 3b

 

V. 1. a 2. h 3. c 4. n 5. j 6. g 7. b
  8. k 9. i 10. d 11. m 12. e 13. f 14. l
VI. 1. false; 2. base salary; 3. eptome; 4. startng salary; 5. judcal power; 6. enactment; 7. consttuent power; 8. crme, felony, msdemeanour, nfrngement, volaton, breach; 9. wage, pay, ncome, earnngs, fee; 10. top executve; 11. establsh a monarchy; 12. brng proceedngs aganst smb.
 
 
 

 

VII. 1. offenders; 2. preventon; 3. executve; 4. allowance; 5. monarchy; 6. retrement; 7. government; 8. responsblty; 9. legslatve; 10. judcal.
 

 

ACTIVATION EXERCISES

III. 1. of, by; 2. by, without, of; 3. in, of; 4. for, of, in, between; 5. of, of; 6. of, over, by; 7. for, of; 8. of, of, to; 9. to, on; 10. by; 11. of, of, by, of; 12. from, to.
 
IV. 1. _, the, the; 2. _, the, the, the, the; 3. the, an; 4. the, the; 5. the, _, _, _, _; 6. the, a; 7. the, the, the; 8. the, the, a; 9. the, the, the; 10. the, the, the; 11. the, the; 12. the, an.
 
 

 

V. 1. supervises, co-ordinates; 2. judicature; 3. public interest; 4. responsible for; 5. supreme legislative organ; 6. Majestys Government; 7. presided over; 8. royal assent; 9. criminal procedure; 10. stretching back over; 11. House of Commons; 12. in the monarchs name.
 
 
 
VI. 1. The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch. 2. The leader of the party that obtains a majority of seats in the House of Commons is the Prime Minister. 3. The Lord Chancellor and the Speaker normally announce to Parliament that the monarch has given the royal assent to a bill. 4. The monarch formally summons, dismisses and dissolves Parliament. 5. The monarchy is hereditary, the throne passes from a king or a queen to his or her eldest son or daughter. 6. The Commons is an elected body, its members are paid a salary. 7. The House of Lords is still a hereditary body. 8. The Prime minister is usually the leader of the political party that has the most seats in the House of Commons. 9. For hundreds years the monarch held most authority but as parliaments power grew, the monarchs power declined. 10. The Speaker of the House of Commons is elected by the members of the House immediately after each new Parliament is formed. 11. Members of Parliament are elected either at a general election, or at by-election following the death or retirement of an MP.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

GRAMMAR EXERCISES

V. 1. wasnt it; 2. wasnt it; 3. isnt it; 4. wasnt he; 5. wasnt he; 6. arent they; 7. isnt he; 8. werent they; 9. wasnt he; 10. werent they.
 
VI. 1. is intended; 2. was supposed; 3. are owned; 4. are forced; 5. will be paid; 6. was given; 7. were declared; 8. will be affected; 9. were affected.
 
VIII. 1. The Monarch was consulted by the prime minister on government business. 2. Four groups of people are entitled to sit in the House of Lords. 3. All bishops are formally appointed by the monarch. 4. A special group of ministers was picked by the Prime minister. 5. All major decisions of the Government are made by the Cabinet. 6. Important decisions about foreign policy were made by the Government. 7. All the decisions of the Government were approved by Parliament. 8. Departments and ministries are run by civil servants. 9. The Government will be changed after an election. 10. The same civil servants will be employed after the elections.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

UNIT 9

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