VII. Each of these sentences is incorrect. Write the correct sentence

Model: I noticed a lorry down the hill coming.

I noticed a lorry coming down the hill coming.


1. British built of iron and steel ships, were used to carry the new bountiful cargoes.

2. By the police cornered, the gang tried to shoot their way out.

3. Having been cancelled the show, we all went home.

4. Karen having arrived at the flat, Karen rang the bell.

5. Mail incoming should be dealt with promptly.

6. We can hear our neighbour the piano playing.

7. The hours remaining can be absorbed within the flexbands.

8. There is a great variety of undertaken tasks in the office.

VIII. Rewrite the parts in bold type using a participle

Model: Our neighbour fell off a ladder and broke his arm.

Our neighbour fell off a ladder, breaking his arm.


1. If all is well, we shall meet again next year.

2. If you judge by Georges attitude, he isn't going to go along with our plans.

3. In view of the effort we put in, the rewards aren't very great.

4. I knocked the milk over and spilled it all over the floor.

5. The place was a mess. Piles of papers were lying everywhere.

6. While we're on the subject of holidays, when are you taking yours?

IX. Write a sentence with a similar meaning using the word in brackets in a participle construction

Model: If you use it properly, this gadget is quite effective. (used)

Used properly, this gadget is quite effective


1. I didn't have much money, so I couldn't buy a ticket. (having)

2. I waited hours, and then I was told to come back the next day. (having)

3. If the weather is all right, we might go out. (permitting)

4. In view of what's happened, I think you've been proved right. (considering)

5. It would be nice to have a ride somewhere. (riding)

6. Never use a mobile phone and drive a car at the same time. (while)

7. She lay in bed and worried all night. (worrying)

8. The stereo was blasting out rock music, so conversation was impossible. (with)

9. The team that wins will be awarded the trophy. (winning)

10. We've been invited to the wedding, so we've decided to go. (having)

X. Translate into English

1. , .

2. ?

3. , .

4. .

5. , .

6. , .

7. .

8. , .

9. , .

10. , .

To units 3 and 13

I. Give present, past or perfect participle of the following verbs

become, begin, build, buy, choose, deal, do, get, give, go, have, hear, hold, know, leave, make, mean, meet, pay, read, see, send, show, sit, speak, stand, take, understand, wear, write.

II. Give all forms of Participle I and Participle II of the following verbs


accept, become, contribute, create, employ, ensure, exploit, follow, help, idealize, import, lay, make, promote, provide, reduce, see, spend, stimulate, support, try.

III. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form


1. (become) tired of my complaints, she turned it off.

2. (barricade) the windows, we assembled in the hall.

3. (find) the money, they began quarrelling about how to divide it.

4. (hear) that the caves were dangerous, I didn't feel like going there.

5. (hear) the story before, she didn't want to hear the story again.

6. (visit) the museum, we decided to have lunch in the park.

7. Men (sleep) in the next room were wakened by the sound of breaking glass.

8. (sit) in the front row, and (use) opera glasses. I saw everything well.

9. (think) he had made a mistake, he went through his calculations again.


IV. Change the sentences using present participle


1. Customers who complain about the service should see the manager.

2. Passengers who travel on planes shouldn't smoke.

3. The candidates who are sitting for this examination are all graduates.

4. The plane which is flying overhead is travelling north.

5. The woman who is waiting to see you has applied for a job here.

6. There's a crime prevention scheme for people who are living in this region.

7. There's a pension scheme for people who work for this company.

8. There's someone who is knocking at the door.

9. Trains which leave from this station take an hour to get to London.

10. What can you do about a dog which is barking all night?


V. Join the following sentences


1. I didnt know his phone number. I wasn't able to ring him.

2. I found the front door locked. I went round the back.

3. I was short of money. I couldn't afford to buy it.

4. The text is too difficult. The pupils can't translate it.

5. The car is too dear. I can't buy it.

6. The story is easy enough. I can read it without a dictionary.

7. The weather was too bad. We couldn't go to the forest.

8. The coat is too long. She can't wear it.

VI. Match the sentence halves

1. Believing that she could trust him, a) fell on people passing below.
2. Entering the room suddenly, b) had fallen across the road.
3. Exhausted by his work, c) he offered to show us the way home.
4. Having fed the dog, d) he sat down facing the door.
5. Having found his revolver and loaded it, e) he sat down to his own dinner.
6. Knowing that there were ants in the grass, f) he threw himself on his bed.
7. Realizing that she couldn't move it alone, g) I didn't like to sit down.
8. Slates, ripped off by the gale, h) she asked me to help her.
9. The tree, uprooted by the gale, i) she found them smoking.
10. Thinking we were lost, j) she gave him a blank cheque.

VII. Transform the following complex sentences into simple ones:

a) using the Objective Participle Complex

Model: He saw the girl as she was putting money.

He saw the girl putting money.


1. I saw them as they were buying things. I saw them buying things.

2. I saw them as they were settling prices.

3. She watched them as they were selling goods.

4. They observed her as she was making a repeat order.

5. We saw him as he was dealing with a bank.

6. We watched them as they were establishing trade contacts.

b) using past participle


Model: The typist typed his article for him. He had his article typed.


1. His wife washed and ironed his shirt.

2. The photographer took a photograph of him.

3. The porter brought his luggage into the car.

4. The tailor made a suit for him.

5. The waitress brought them dinner.

6. The worker repaired his car.

7. Their daughter cooked supper for them.

c) using the Absolute Participle Complex


Model: As her son was ill, she could not go to the theatre.

Her son being ill, she could not go to the theatre.


1. As all shops were closed, we couldn't buy anything.

2. As our teacher had visited England, we asked him to tell us about that country.

3. As the bridge was destroyed, we couldn't cross the river.

4. As the key had been lost, she couldn't get into the room.

5. As the play was very popular, it was difficult to get tickets.

6. As the road was being repaired, I couldn't go there by bus.

7. When the house had been built, we got a new flat.

8. When the match had ended, the people went home.

9. When the work had been done, they went home.

VIII. Each of these sentences is incorrect. Write the correct sentence


1. Believing that his last hour had come, his hands began to tremble.

2. Reading the letter a second time, the meaning becomes clearer.

3. Riding in his first race, his horse fell at the last jump.

4. Running into the room, a rug caught her foot and she fell.

5. Wading across the river, the current swept me off my feet.

6. When carrying a gun it should never be pointed at anyone.

7. When filling a tank with petrol naked lights should be extinguisher.

8. When leaving a car in this car park the brakes must be left off.

9. When paying by cheque, a bank card should be shown.

10. When planting these flowers care must be taken not to damage the roots.

IX. Translate into English

1. ³ , .

2. ³ , .

3. , .

4. , .

5. , .

6. .

7. , .

8. .

9. , .

10. , .


To units 4 and 14

I. Put the following verbs in active and passive gerund forms

advertise, arrest, buy, carry, come, communicate, convey, cut, detain, exploit, finish, give, have, involve, keep, maintain, modify, perform, prepare, process, prove, receive, reply, review, see, sell, stack, steal, study, understand, unload, write.

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