II. Put verbs in brackets in the correct form

Model:What can you do besides (dig)? What can you do besides digging?

1. He is good at (repair) bikes. 2. He is not interested in (gardern). 3. I am against (box). 4. She is above (argue). 5. He is always hungry after (sleep). 6. Since (retire) hes done nothing. 7. Taste it before (complain). 8. This is used for (cut) metal. 9. Try to work without (make) a noise. 10. What do you know about (compute)?


III. Answer these questions about likes and dislikes


Model: Why do you always wear a hat? (love).

I simply love wearing a hat.


1. Why do you play tennis every day? (enjoy).

2. Why does your brother never go to the theatre? (not like).

3. Why does Walter take so many photographs? (like).

4. Why do you always wear jeans? (love).

5. Why does Ann watch television so often? (enjoy).

6. Why do you never fly? (hate).

7. Why do you always stay alone in your cottage over the weekend? (enjoy).

8. Why do you never drive a car? (dislike).

9. Why dont you work in the evenings? (hate).

10. Why dont you live in this place? (not like).


IV. Put any suitable verb in a suitable form


1. I missed an interesting programme on TV last night. I really mind it.

2. Just imagine in a country where it is always warm and sunny!

3. Look at the state of those windows! They really need .

4. Our front gate is falling to pieces. It really wants .

5. Our neighbours are very considerate. They avoid alot of noise.

6. The police questioned me at some length and I didn't enjoy .

7. We often go during the weekend. Would you like to come .

8. What does the job involve? It involves the engine apart.

V. Insert the correct preposition before the gerund where required


1. A solicitor does the legal work involved buying a house.

2. Another worker is responsible shaping and another for finishing.

3. Handwriting isthe commonest method proving the validity of a document.

4. He is responsible keeping the brazier glowing and preparing the metal.

5. It is a very effective way ensuring that the team is kept fully informed.

6. One way reducing costs is through the use of containers.

7. The justices do this interpreting provisions of the Constitution.

8. The process taking an action to the highest court may be very costly.

9. There are two main reasons having a variety of courts.

10. There is the possibility coming to a friendly negotiated settlement.

VI. Join the following sentences

Model: He is worried. He might forget the number.

He is worried about forgetting the number.


1. He writes begging letters. He's resorted to it.

2. I was not very good. I could not climb the rope.

3. I'll see you soon. I look forward to it.

4. My friend was involved. She helped to organize the event.

5. My sister is quite capable. She can photocopy the document.

6. She is responsible. She messed up the arrangements.

7. The parcels are ready. We can load them into the van.

8. They are annoyed. They have to do all this work again.

9. We are bored. We're just sitting here.

10. We are fed up. We're always told to do the boring jobs.

VII. Match the sentence halves

1. He should consider a) changing TV channels.
2. He strongly denied b) coming from the forest.
3. I agreed to delay c) her taking more responsibility.
4. I can hear someone d) my leaving till the next day.
5. I could smell smoke e) opening the safe.
6. I think that's enough to start her f) our postponing the question till later.
7. It is difficult to keep them g) sheltering in the barn.
8. The chairman suggested h) shouting in the distance.
9. The police caught him i) the band's playing very much.
10. The searchers found the boy j) their meeting that afternoon.
11. They left us k) thinking about the problem.
12. We enjoyed l) working all the time.
13. We very much appreciate m) worrying again.
14. Will you please stop n) your helping us.

VIII. Complete the following using either a direct object or a possessive + gerund

1. Fancy ! 2. I can't bear . 3. I can't excuse . 4. I really miss . 5. Please forgive . 6. They can't prevent . 7. Would you mind ? 8. You must pardon .

IX. Each of these sentences is incorrect. Write the correct sentence


1. He is annoyed about to have lost all that money.

2. He is surprised at being found out.

3. I am sorry for to have disturbed you.

4. I appreciate your to have helped me.

5. I did not take it. I deny to have taken it.

6. I do not mind his being promoted above me.

7. I enjoy have worked with you.

8. I resent to dismiss.

9. She is angry at to have been posted abroad.

10. That explains his to fire from his job.

X. Translate into English

1. .

2. .

3. ³ , .

4. .

5. .

6. .

7. .

8. .

9. .

10. , .


To units 5 and 15

I. Give four forms of the following irregular verbs. Consult the table of irregular verbs if necessary


arise, bear, begin, bind, bring, build, deal, do, draw, find, give, go, grow, hear, hold, keep, know, lay, lose, make, meet, pay, put, say, see, sell, seek, send, set, show, sit, steal, take, understand, write.

II. Put the following verbs in active and passive gerund forms

abolish, apply, begin, call, change, commit, conceal, create, decrease, ensure, find, get, glow, interpret, join, load, make, pass, place, present, produce, qualify, reduce, resign, satisfy, seek, shape, stay, stretch, take, undertake, vote.

III. Put verbs in brackets in the appropriate ing form and explain your choice of the gerund or the verbal noun

1. Have you done the (shop)? 2. He does a lot of (read). 3. I do very little (swim) these days. 4. I've done enough (garden) for today. 5. I've taken the wrong (turn). 6. The (burn) of rubbish is forbidden. 7. There's no (regret) my decision. 8. These (draw) are expensive. 9. This (write) is hard to read. 10. did some (shop) this morning.

IV. Insert the correct preposition before the gerund where required


1. Advocacy is the art presenting cases in Court.

2. Britain is almost unique having two different kinds of lawyers.

3. In all legal systems there are institutions creating the law.

4. One spouse may be prosecuted stealing from the other.

5. Raw materials have to be brought to the factories processing.

6. The procedure applying to this court was simplified in 1994.

7. The voter folds the paper to conceal the vote placing it in the ballot box.

8. There are a few most widely used reasons detaining people.

9. There is no merit maintaining a backlog of unanswered mail.

10. This worker is responsible stretching and cutting.

V. Join the following sentences using a noun + preposition + gerund


Model: I'm going to start a new life. I'm thrilled by the prospect.

I am thrilled by the prospect of starting a new life.


1. You took yesterday off. Have you got a good excuse?

2. I broke the bad news. I had the unpleasant task.

3. Why are they keeping everything secret? What's the reason?

4. I can fly. I've conquered my fear.

5. We all want to promote our products. We share your interest.

6. They won't find those people alive. There's no hope.

7. The boss chases after women. He's got a reputation.

8. The company dominates the market. I admire its success.

9. United are playing at home. They have the advantage.

VI. Each of these sentences is incorrect. Write the correct sentence

1. I am looking forward to go away.

2. I was aware haven't eaten for some time.

3. I was excited by the game in spite of I was a neutral.

4. I was really annoyed at been tricked out of my money.

5. I was sorry for hearing the bad news.

6. I won't tolerate you tell lies about me.

7. In those days the copying books was a laborious task.

8. At last we succeeded to get the car started.

9. There isn't worth spend a whole day in the town.

10. We haven't a hope to finish the work in time.

VII. Write a sentence with a similar meaning using the word in brackets

1. Everyone said 'Well done' to Emma for passing her test. (congratulated)

2. I admire the woman because she's got to the top in her profession. (for)

3. I don't remember that I wrote a cheque. (having)

4. It's our job to analyse the figures. (have the job)

5. Let's fish this weekend. (do some)

6. No boxer should go so far as to bite his opponent. (resort)

7. Riding in a racing-car was quite an experience. (it)

8. The woman is famous because she impersonates the Queen. (for)

9. This crisis will make it necessary for me to go into the office tomorrow. (necessitate)

10. You aren't doing any work, and that's a cause for concern. (your)

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