VIII. Put the words in the right order

1. all your money, away, gambling, is, ridiculous.

2. at a computer, bad for you, can be, sitting.

3. by train, can be, relaxing, travelling.

4. can, fun, going out, have, to discos, we.

5. feeling, is, it, no good, sorry for yourself.

6. getting, had, I, problems, to work.

7. getting, no difficulty, there, tickets, was.

8. having, it, a map, not, a nuisance, was.

9. is, it, the machine, no use, to repair, trying.

10. Madonna, quite a thrill, seeing, was.

IX. Translate into English

1. , .

2. , .

3. ?

4. ', pa .

5. , .

6. 䳿 , .

7. , .

8. '.

9. , .

10. , .


I. Put verbs in brackets in the correct form


1. After (look) round the museum, we went back to our hotel.

2. (catch) sight of Adam across the street, she waved at him.

3. Every single sandwich (eat), there was no food left.

4. (fill) up with petrol, we continued our journey.

5. (search) the building, the police went away again.

6. I broke a tooth (bite) on a nut.

7. I just had to stand there (stare) at by all those people.

8. Michael drove home from work (achieve) nothing all day.

9. The drugs entered the country (hide) in a container.

II. Put one missing word in each sentence

Model:I left your sister in an armchair in front of the television.

I left your sister sitting in an armchair in front of the television.


1. I am sorry if I you waiting.

2. I found the vase to pieces in a corner of the room.

3. I wanted my hair short, I had decided.

4. Lots of people heard the bomb .

5. Our teacher prefers the homework be saved to disk.

6. Two men were caught to break into the bank.

7. The sports teacher us all doing exercises in the gym yesterday.

8. We could hear a burglar alarm in the next street.

9. We watched the old factory knocked down.

10. We've a lot of money trying to make this place nice.


III. Complete the sentences with the gerund or the verbal noun after adjectives and possessives

1. Her quick (think) saved us.

2. His (not know) doesn't matter.

3. His (shout) woke us up.

4. I like your (violin play).

5. Quick (think) saved us.

6. The meat will be fine with slow (cook).

7. Their (sing) delighted everyone.

8. Try deep (breathe).

9. We had some tough (train).

10. Your (refuse) to help hurt him.

IV. Join the following sentences


Model: a)I watched the man. He bumped into a boy and snatched his bag.

I watched the man bump into a boy and snatch his bag.


1. I got tired. I waited so long for an answer.

2. Jane is occupied. She's making lists.

3. She is frantic. She is getting ready for the wedding.

4. We're busy. We're decorating our house.


Model:b) John gets bored. He watches TV all the time.

John gets bored watching TV all the time.

1. We saw a group of men outside the pub. They were fighting.

2.We saw a man. He threw a brick at the shop window.

3. I heard someone. They broke down the door.

4. I observed a blue car. It was driving very fast towards the motorway.

5. I noticed a woman. She put two tins in her bag and left the store without paying.


V. Match the sentence halves and then rewrite the sentence using a participle

1. A solicitor does the legal work a) calling one of the attesting witnesses.
2. Each employee is able b) for having a variety of courts.
3. One spouse may be prosecuted c) for stealing from the other.
4. Proof by attestation involves d) involved in buying a house.
5. Raw materials have to be brought e) involving parties from different states.
6. The arrested person has the right f) is very important.
7. The good chairperson will spot g) the difficulties being encountered.
8. The wording of the resolution h) to be told of the reason for his arrest.
9. There are two main reasons i) to choose the starting time each day.
10. They hear cases j) to the factories for processing.


VI. Each of these sentences is incorrect. Write the correct sentence


1. Passing under a ladder, a pot of paint fell on my head.

2. Reading in bed, my hands often get very cold.

3. Leaving the cinema, it seemed to him that the film had been exceptionally bad.

4. Barking furiously, I led the dog out of the room.

5. Having paid my taxes, the amount left in the bank is hardly worth mentioning.

6. Writing my name in the hotel register, a familiar voice attracted attention.

7. Tied to a post, the sea was tossing the boat up and down.

8. Misunderstanding the question, the wrong answer was sent in.

9. Shining in the sky, we saw the first star.

10. It is easy to have an accident when one is/you are driving.

VII. Write a sentence with a similar meaning using the word in brackets

1. Always look in your mirror. Then you can drive off. (before)

2. I am sure you'll have a great time even though I won't be there. (without)

3. I bought this special brush. You paint ceilings with it. (for)

4. I didn't enjoy the film. I was totally bored by it. (far from)

5. I was mugged. I've been afraid to go out on my own. (since)

6. My friend is in trouble. He hasn't renewed his visa. (on account of)

7. My sister heard the news and immediately fainted. (on)

8. Sending an e-mail is quick, but posting a letter isn't. (than)

9. The prisoners escaped. They dug a tunnel. (by)

10. We borrowed money. As a result we added to our problems. (in)


To units 7 and 17


I. Give four forms of the following irregular verbs. Consult the table of irregular verbs if necessary

arise, bear, become, bind, bring, build, choose, come, deal, do, find, get, give, go, grow, hold, keep, lay, make, mean, meet, pay, put, say, see, seek, sell, send, set, show, spread, take, tell, uphold, write.


II. Give infinitive forms of the the following verbs

accept, advertise, anticipate, attract, bring, communicate, continue, dampen, decide, delegate, draw, ensure, fit, follow, fulfil, get, help, improve, make, produce, protect, provide, qualify, regulate, represent, seek, show, stimulate, understand.

III. Use the infinitive phrase in brackets as in the model

Model:Why does your friend take long walks? (relax)

My friend takes long walks to relax.


1. Why did a policeman criticize a lady driver? (offend her)

2. Why are you calling on Betsy? (invite her to eat out tonight)

3. Why is he leaving for Nigeria? (tender for the contract to construct a new port)

4. Why does Bill need money badly? (repay a long term debt maturing in a week)

5. Why do all central bankers meet every month? (discuss economic problems)

6. Why should you consider additional advertising in four months leading up to Christmas? (promote sales)

7. Why does the IMF lend money for three to five years? (help countries with balance-of-payments difficulties)

8. Why was Duplon putting more assets for sale? (get its debt down)

9. Why did they introduce automatic sorting (speed up the delivery of letters)

10. Why are you having to work so hard? (please its bankers and shareholders)

IV. Put verbs in brackets in the correct form

1. Don't let's (go) home yet.

2. He made me (clear up) the mess.

3. I don't really want to see that play. I'd sooner (stay) at home.

4. I'd rather (not have) anything if you don't mind.

5. It is late. I think we'd better (go).

6. Let me (post) that letter for you.

7. Let's (go) to the cinema.

8. Let's out long (not stay).

9. They didn't let her (wear) jeans.

10. I was made (scrub) floors.

V. Join the following sentences using the words given

Model: You neednt ask for more money. You would be stupid if you ask.

You would be . You would be stupid to ask for more money.


1. He's a ruthless businessman. He is known for that. He's known .

2. I found this book. The librarian helped me. The librarian .

3. I have to fill in this job application form. Can you help me? Can you ?

4. Open the window. Would you be good enough? Would you .

5. People know him to be a very generous man. He .

6. She worked overtime. Wasn't it good of her? Wasn't it .

7. She's never on time. I've never known .

8. They don't take any part in local life. It's silly of them. It's .

9. We can't refuse their invitation. It would look rude. It would .

10. You mustn't worry so much. I can help you. I can help .

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