IX. Join the following sentences, using a bare infinitive or gerund


Model: She crossed the road. I saw her. I saw . I saw her cross the road.


1. She was crossing the road. I caught sight of her. I noticed .

2. She was shouting at the children. I heard her. I heard .

3. Something's burning. I can smell it. I can smell .

4. The robbers were waiting near the bank. They were seen. The robbers were seen .

5. They sang a song. I listened to them. I listened .

X. Rewrite these sentences beginning with a noun phrase

Model: He refused to help, which surprised us. His .

His refusal to help surprised us.


1. I decided to wait, which was wise. My .

2. I'm pleased to be with you. It's a .

3. I was determined to pass the test and that helped me. My .

4. I was willing to co-operate and this was appreciated. My .

5. She failed to get into college, which disappointed her parents. Her .

6. They were eager to help, which pleased me. Their .


XI. Use the bare infinitive or the gerund after have

1. Have him (bring) his car round the back.

2. He had her (believe) he was a millionaire.

3. He had never had anything like that (happen) to him before.

4. He is an excellent piano teacher. He'll have you (play) in about a year.

5. I'll have the plumber (look at) the central heating boiler.

6. I'll have you (know) I'm a qualified accountant.

7. I will not have students (draw) on the walls of this college,' the principal said.

8. The film had them (laugh) right from the first few minutes.

9. The sergeant had all the recruits (march) like real soldiers inside a month.

10. We have people (ring) us up all hours of the day and night.

XII. Each of these sentences is incorrect. Write the correct sentence

1. Handwriting isthe commonest proving method of the validity of a document.

2. He is responsible for the brazier glowing keeping and the metal preparing.

3. It is a very way of ensuring effective that the team is kept fully informed.

4. Machines started repetitive operations performing faster than people.

5. One way of costs reducing is through the use of containers.

6. The voter folds the paper to conceal the vote before in the ballot box placing it.

7. There is no merit in a backlog of unanswered mail maintaining.

8. This worker for stretching and cutting is responsible.

9. Voting on Polling Day takes place, usually on Thursday.

10. With standard units is easier stacking and identification is also facilitated.

XIII. Translate into English

1. , .

2. , .

3. .

4. ³ .

5. , , .

6. , , .

7. , , .

8. , , .

9. .

10. .


To units 9 and 19

I. Give four forms of the following irregular verbs. Consult the table of irregular verbs if necessary

bear, become, bring, buy, choose, come, cost, cut, deal, do, draw, feel, find, fly, give, go, keep, lead, learn, make, misread, pay, say, sell, set, show, spread, take, think, understand, wear, write.

II. Make up sentences from the table

It is a pity that the students should go there at once.
It was a shame   he should return the book to the library.
  desirable   the film should be discussed today.
  important   we should do our morning exercises.
  impossible   he should forget to post the letter.
  natural   we should miss the train.
  necessary   the shop should be closed.
  strange   she should fail at the examination.
  surprising   they should meet with an accident.

III. Write down the use of each conditional sentence. Choose from these uses: advising, criticizing, offering, requesting, suggesting, threatening, warning

1. If I open a bottle of wine, would you like some?

2. If I were in your position, I'd make a formal complaint.

3. If you don't open the door, I'll break it down.

4. If you hadn't wasted so much time earlier, we wouldn't be in such a hurry now, would we?

5. If you're going out this evening, don't wear any jewellery or you might get mugged.

6. If you've got a moment, would you mind helping us?

7. We could go out somewhere tonight if you feel like it.


IV. Put verbs in brackets in the correct form

1. If you (come) we'd discuss it in detail.

2. If we (reach) agreement we'd sign the contract the same day.

3. Unless there is a major problem, we (need) only one day.

4. If we had good advertising, the product (be) a success.

5. If there (be) an easy solution, we would have avoided the problems.

6. If we had taken your advice, we (spend) more money.

V. Complete the following sentences

1. I should have missed the train if ... .

2. If I had money about me ... .

3. If I knew Spanish ... .

4. If I were you ... .

5. If the weather were fine today ... .

6. If we had spare time ... .

7. She would have answered your letter if ... .

8. The book would have been published last year if ... .

9. The pupils wouldn't have made so many mistakes if ... .

10. They wouldn't have gone there if ... .

VI. Paraphrase the following sentences

Model: It's a pity she is not here now. I wish she were here now.

Unfortunately, I did not see him there. I wish I had seen him there.


1. I am sorry he did not speak English.

2. It's a pity he is not at the university now.

3. Unfortunately I have not read that nonel.

4. I am sorry I can not help you.

5. What a pity she did not see the performance.

6. I am sorry I did not learn Spanish in my childhood.

7. Unfortunately, he did not go to Britain in summer.

8. I am sorry I said this in his presence.

9. Unfortunately, we have no Oxford wordpower dictionary.

10. What a pity she wasn't invited to the party.

VII. Match the sentence halves

1. If a spy should be captured, a) he would have little useful information.
2. If anyone had spoken to me, b) I wouldn't have understood a word.
3. If it hadn't been for the rain, c) please contact the bank immediately.
4. If the speed limit were higher, d) the crops would have died.
5. If we were to win the contract, e) there would be more deaths.
6. If you should lose your credit card, f) we might need more staff.

VIII. Each of these sentences is incorrect. Write the correct sentence

1. A bank will lend you money only if they knew you can pay it back.

2. Have we delayed any longer, we would have been too late.

3. If anything shall go wrong, give me a ring.

4. If I had a camera, I can take a photo.

5. If I had trusted my instincts, I had refused.

6. If the material gets very hot, it would burst into flames.

7. If they would have bought a group ticket, it would have been less expensive.

8. If you are joking, I going to be angry.

9. If you can go to the concert, you'd have enjoyed it, I'm sure.

10. If we drove through the town centre, it will take longer.

11. Just keep quiet about it. Mention it to anyone or you'll regret it.

12. The alarm rings if anyone will approach the house.


IX. Translate into English


1. , .

2. ³ , .

3. .

4. , .

5. .

6. , .

7. , .

8. , . .

9. , .

10. , .


To units 10 and 20

I. Make up sentences from the table

He suggested that we should go to the cinema this evening.
She ordered the flowers should be watered.
    he should go to the doctor.
    everybody should come in time.
    the girls should decorate the room.
    the pupils should read Engfisb books.

II. Say what kind of meaning is expressed by the sub-clause or by a prepositional phrase. It might be a condition (5), time (2), reason, contrast, or a wish

1. Although the food was nice, the background music was driving me mad.

2. As soon as I lay down, I felt better.

3. But for all the noise, it would have been a perfect place to stay.

4. Had I not complained, we wouldn't have got our money back.

5. If only we didn't have to climb all these stairs!

6. I'll go anywhere in the world as long as it's sunny.

7. Should you change your mind, you can always cancel the booking.

8. They won't turn the music off unless you ask them.

9. We didn't do much shopping on account of the prices.

10. When I think of flying, my heart sinks.


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