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THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

IJ в

THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE

1. Present Participle -ing, 䳺 to:

to read reading

2. e, -ing :

to write writing

3. , , :

to sit sitting, to begin beginning

. ʳ k : look looking

4. ʳ , :

to prefer preferring

5. ʳ 1 , ( ):

to compel compelling to travel travelling

6. 䳺 to lie, to tie, to die -ing :

to lie lying to tie tying to die dying

-ing :

to try- trying

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THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Present Continuousto be Present Indefinite(Present Participle) 䳺.

Present Continuous:

I am speaking (I'm speaking) he is speaking (he's speaking) she is speaking (she's speaking) it is speaking (it's speaking) we are speaking (we're speaking) you are speaking (you're you speaking) they are speaking (they're speaking)  

, .

䳺 :

Are the boys playing chess?

Is she working in the garden?

What are you doing?

䳺 not:

The girls are not singing.

is not i are not isn't aren't:

She isn't listening in. Why aren't you working?

Present Continuous :

1) 䳿, :

You are not listening to me.

2) 䳿, , ' :

What are you doing here in London? I'm studying at the University.

3) 䳿, 䳺, :

am only happy when I am working.

4) 䳿, 䳺, :

We are flying to Paris in the morning.

When are you coming back?

Is he coming tonight?

5) 䳿, ( always, constantly, continually)

He is always loosing things.

ij to go Present Continuous 䳺 ', 䳿, :

am going to speak.

It's going to rain.

He is going to be an engineer.

Verbs not normally used in the Continuous Tenses

Stative verbsrefer to states. A state has no beginning and no end. We dont control it

There are 3 cases of verbs:

Dynamicverbs which have simple and continuous forms

I often listen to music.

Im listening to music now.

Verbs which are always stative

She loves her baby.

Verbs that have stative and dynamic uses

Im weightingmyself

I weight 80 kilos.

1. Verbs of senses

hear, see, smell, feel, notice, taste

2. Verbs of feelings and emotions

hate, like, dislike, love, need, prefer, want, wish, hope

3. Verbs of mental activity

believe, imagine, know, mean, realize, recognize, remember, suppose, understand, seem, expect, agree, doubt, forget, prefer

4. Verbs of possession and being

have, be, belong, concern, consist, contain, depend, involve, matter, need, owe, own, possess, cost, weight, come from

Present Continuousto be Present Continuous Past Participle 䳺:

am being examined. He (she, it) is being examined. We (you, they) are being examined. Am I being examined? Is he (she, it) being examined? Are we (you, they) being examined?

THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

Past Continuousto be Past Simple(Present Participle) 䳺:

was making you were making he was making she wasmaking it was making we were making you were making they were making

䳺 :

What were you telling him?

䳺 ୺ not:

was notwatching TV in the evening.

- was not were not wasn't weren't:

wasn'tcoming. Wasn't he coming?

They weren't coming. Weren't they coming?

Past Continuous :

1) 䳿, , . 䳿 at two o'clock, at midnight, at that momentPast Simple:

was working at his English at that time. She was sitting by the window when he came in.

2)䳿, :

In spring he was visiting his old school-fellow.

Past Continuousto be Past Continuous Past Participle 䳺:

(he, she, it) was being examined. We (you, they) were being examined.

:

Was he being taught? He was not being taught.

Were they being taught? They were not being taught.

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THE FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Future Continuousto be Future Simple(Present Participle) 䳺:

shall be translating you will be translating he will be translating she will be translating we shall be translating you will be translating they will be translating

shall will :

Will they be studying? Shall we be training?

shall will not:

They will not be leaving for Kyiv. I shall not be painting.

shall will ll, shall not will not shant won't.

Future Continuous 䳿, :

I'll be looking out for you at two o'clock. We'll be playing all morning.

 

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THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Present Perfectto have Present Simple(Past Participle) 䳺.

Past Participle-ed, Past ParticiplePast Simple:

/we/you/they have discussed

He/she has discussed

:

I've worked. He's worked. We've worked.

䳺 :

Have you ever lived in a village? Has she congratulated him?

not:

My friend has not come yet. We have not discussed it.

have noti has not haven't, hasn't 've not, 's not:

Ive notdone anything. You haven't changed much. He's notcome yet.

- haven't hasn't, :

Hasn't he been to Paris? Why haven't you put on your coat?

Present Perfect 䳿, , 䳿 ' :

have locked the door. Have you turned off the gas?

䳿, 䳺 Present Perfect, , 䳿, :

What have they done? You have read more than me.

Present Perfect :

) , : up to now, up to the present ; lately , ; recently ; so far ; since ; not yet :

Up to now we have done three exercises.

Have you seen them recently?

Have you heard from your sister lately?

) , : today ; this week ; this month ; this year ; this morning :

Have you seen her today? Has he visited a dentist this month?

Past Indefinite, , :

A letter came from them today when he was at work.

) : ever -; never ; often ; seldom ; already; just :

Have you ever thought about it? I've often heard him tell the tale. We've just arrived.

Past Simple:

I told you already. I never saw him in my life.

Present Perfect , 䳿: yesterday ; last week :

She went yesterday. When did you see him?

Present Perfect 䳿 , . Present Perfect 䳺, Continuous:

have known her for years.

I have not seen you for a whole month.

Present Perfectto be Present Perfect Past Participle 䳺:

have been examined you have been examined he has been examined she has been examined it has been examined we have been examined you have been examined they have been examined

THE PAST PERFECT TENSE

Past Perfectto have Past Simple(Past Participle) 䳺. ij Past Perfect :

(she, he, it, we, you, they) had baked.

had 'd, :

I'd (he'd, she'd, we'd, you'd, they'd) cooked.

䳺 :

Had you helped?

not:

had not ordered.

- hadn't:

hadn't required. Hadn't he required?

Past Perfect :

1) 䳿, 䳿, 䳺 Past Simple:

told you I had met her.

2) 䳿, . : by two o'clock , by that time :

had done my homework by eight o'clock.

Past Perfect , :

had not read the book by that time.

3) 䳿, . Past Perfect 䳺, Continuous:

When he came I had been there for an hour.

Past Perfectto be Past Perfect Past Participle 䳺:

(he, she, it, we, you, they) had been examined.

䳺 :

Had he been examined?

had not:

had not been examined.


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THE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Future Perfectto have Future Simple(Past Participle) 䳺:

I shall have done it you will have done it he will have done it she will have done it it will have done it we shall have done it you will have done it they will have done it

shall/will :

Shall we have believed? Will he have believed?

shall/will not:

We shall not have done it. He will not have done it.

, Future Simple:

I'll have done it.

I shan't have done it.

He won't have done it.

Future Perfect 䳿, 䳿 :

You'll have forgotten me by then.

I shall have read the story by the time you come.

Future Perfectto be Future Perfect Past Participle 䳺:

(we) shall have been examined.

He (she, it, you, they) will have been examined.

 

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