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The sequence of performing the work

 

1. Count the initial inclination angle by formula φ=15+3N in degrees for the first half of students or φ=3N for the second half of students. N is the number of the subgroup of students.

2. For supplying an inelastic character of the impact you should form little hill made of plasticine on the interacting surfaces of the bodies.

3. Incline one of the rods to the counted angle and release it. Fix the inclination angle B after the impact by a scale.

4. Repeat 3d item 4 times (in the whole 5 times), watching that after the impact the bodies stick together with the help of plasticine. Fill in the table with the results of measurements.

5. Calculate the values filled in the table, and the error β of the measurement of angle β.

6. Calculate the relative loss of mechanical energy by formula (13.11), obtained experimentally.

7. Compare the values sin(φ/2) and 2sin(β/2). If the law of conservation of impulse accomplishes then according to the formula (13.9) and consequence, the values of sin must be the same.

8. Make a conclusion about the accomplishing of the laws of conservation of the impulse and mechanical energy.

 

Table 13.1

φ β Δβ Δβ2
               
     
     
     
     
    =    

 

Control questions

 

1. What is the impact?

2. What kind of impact is called perfectly plastic?

3. What kinds of systems are called closed?

4. Formulate the law of conservation of the impulse.

5. Formulate the law of conservation of mechanical energy.

6. Write down the law of conservation of the impulse for central perfectly inelastic impact of the balls.

7. Write down the law of conservation of mechanical energy for central perfectly inelastic impact of the balls.

8. Deduce a formula for determination the velocities of balls after perfectly inelastic impact.

 

Literature

 

1. I.M. Kucheruk, I.T. Gorbachuk, P.P. Luzik. General course of physics.- T1.- p. 63-86.

2. G.F.Bushok, E.F. Venger. Course of physics.- T.1.- p.77-88.

3. P.M. Volovik. Physics. - P. 59-90.

4. T.I. Trofimova. Course of physics.- P. 18-30.

5. Teaching course for laboratory works on physics. Mechanics, molecular physics and thermodynamics. Edited by ZNTU, 2003.- P. 27-33.

 

 

Authors: S.P. Lushchin, the reader, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences.

Reviewer: S.V. Loskutov, professor, doctor of physical and mathematical sciences.

Approved by the chair of physics. Protocol 3 from 01.12.2008 .

 

64

 

 

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