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Analyze lexico-semantic and syntactic Ems and SDs in the following utterances.

21. The famous Alderman objected to the phrase in Cannings inscription for a Pitt Memorial he died poor and wished to substitute He expired in indignant circumstances.

22. Apart from splits based on politics, racial, religious and ethnic backgrounds and specific personality differences, we are just one cohesive team.

23. There is only one brand of tobacco allowed there Three nuns. None today, none tomorrow, none the day after.

24. Some writer once said: How many times you can call yourself a Man depends on how many languages you now.

25. As Prew listened the mobile face before him melted to a battle-blackened skull as thought a flamethrower had passed over it, kissed it lightly, and moved on. The skull talked to him about his health.

26. I was staring directly in front of me, at the back of the drivers neck, which was a relief map of boil scars.

27. They walked along, two continents of experience and feeling, unable to communicate.

28. We sat down at a table with two girls in yellow and three men, each one introduced to us as Mr. Mumble.

29. Than Roy no one could show a more genuine cordiality to a fellow novelist.

30. Failure meant poverty, poverty meant squalor, squalor led in the final stages, to the smells and stagnation of B. Inn alley.

 

 

 

MODULE TEST (SAMPLE)

 

TOTAL 30 POINTS

State the function and the type of the following phonetic, graphical and morphological EM and SD.( 5 points)

A. I had a coach with a little seat in fwant with an iwon wail for the dwiver.

B. He seemed prosperous, extremely married and unromantic.

C. The man I argued yesterdays explanation puzzled me greatly.

D. I love you mucher. Plenty mucher. Me tooer.

E. The masculine pronouns are he, his, him, but imagine the feminine she, shis and shim.

State the type and function of stylistically marked words in the following utterances.(5 points)

A. This is Willy Stark, gents. From up home in Mason City. Me and Willy was in school together. Yeah, and Willy, he was a bookworm, and he was teachers pet. Wuznt you, Willy? And Alex nudged the teachers pet in the ribs.

B. He of the iron garment is bounded unto you, McEagh, and this noble lord shall be bounden also.

C. Whats the dif, he wanted to know.

D. Do you talk? asked Bundle. Or are you just strong and silent? Talk? said Anthony. I burble, I murmur, I gurgle like a running brook, you know. Sometimes I even ask questions.

E. There was a fearful mess in the room and piles of unwashed crocks in the kitchen.

State the difference between the contextual and the dictionary meaning of the italicized words. Identify all other SDs created, if any. Suggest your variant of translation.( 10 points)

A.He does all our insurance and they say hes some doctor.

B.We tooled the car into the street and eased it into the ruck of folks.

C.Betty loosed French tears.

D.When the food came they wolfed it down rapidly.

E.He had seen many places and been many things: railroad foreman, plantation overseer, boss mechanic, cow-puncher, and Texas deputy-sheriff.

Think about the stylistic function the highlighted element performs in the following utterances.(5 points)

A.Our coffee was a pale grey.

B. Theyre real ! he murmured. My God, they are absolutely real! Erik turned. Didnt you believed that the neutron existed? Oh, I believed, Fabermacher shrugged away the praise. To me neutrons were symbols n with a mass of m=1.008. But until now I never saw them

C. To think that I should live to be good-morninged by Belladonna Tooks son !

D. , , .

E.

 

Analyze lexico-semantic and syntactic Ems and SDs in the following utterances ( 5 points).

A.Some writer once said: How many times you can call yourself a Man depends on how many languages you now.

B.For several days he took an hour after his work to make inquiry taking with him some examples of his pen and inks.

C.I like people. Not just empty streets and dead buildings. People. People.

D.What courage can withstand the ever-enduring and all besetting terrors of a womans tongue?

E.Im interested in many number of things, enthusiastic about nothing. Everything is significant and nothing is finally important.

F.The cigarette tastes rough, a noseful of straw. He puts it out. Never again.

 

Define the type pf stylistic device realized in the following sentences (5 points)

A.I was staring directly in front of me, at the back of the drivers neck, which was a relief map of boil scars.

B.They walked along, two continents of experience and feeling, unable to communicate.

C.We sat down at a table with two girls in yellow and three men, each one introduced to us as Mr. Mumble.

D.Than Roy no one could show a more genuine cordiality to a fellow novelist.

E.Failure meant poverty, poverty meant squalor, squalor led in the final stages, to the smells and stagnation of B. Inn alley.

 

Answer the following question in a written form.

The problem of context in stylistics. Types of contextual meaning.

 

EXAMINATION QUESTIONS

1. The problem of context in stylistics. Contextual meaning. Tropes: figures of substitution (metaphor, personification, metonymy, epithet, antonomasia, hyperbole, meiosis, litotes, irony)

2. Meaning from a stylistic point of view. Stylistic devices based on the polysemantic effect.

3. Tropes: figures of combination (simile, oxymoron, antithesis, paradox, climax,zeugma and pun).

4. Syntactic stylistic devices based on the reduction of sentence model (nominative sentences, elliptical sentences, breakin-the-narrative, asyndeton).

5. Syntactic stylistic devices based on the extension of sentence model (repetition, enumeration, polysyndeton). Syntactic stylistic devices based on the change of word order (inversion, detachment).

6. Syntactic stylistic devices: parallelism, chiasmus, parceling, attachment. Rhetoric question.

7. Compositional patterns and rhythmical arrangement of a verse. Graphical and phonetic stylistic devices.

 

Appendix 1. Glossary

 

Accented verse a verse where only a number of stresses is taken into consideration. The number of syllables is not constituent, the lines have neither pattern of metrical feet, nor fixed length. There is no notion of stanza and there is no thyme.

Allegory( circumlocution (), parable ()) is another type of metaphor (see metaphor and personification). Allegory unlike metaphor and personification can be understood only within the whole text, i. e. the domain of allegory is not a sentence but the whole literary text or a logically completed narration in which all described things, characters, events have figurative meaning.

Alliteration is the repetition of similar sounds, in particular, consonant sounds, in close succession, usually at the beginning of successive words; a phonetic stylistic device which aims at imparting a melodic effect to the utterance.

Antithesis is a figure of contrast that stands close to oxymoron. The major difference between them is structural: oxymoron is realized through a single word combination or a sentence, while antithesis is a confrontation of at least two separate phrases or sentences semantically opposite.The essence of antithesis lies in the intentional emphasizing of two contradictory but logically and emotionally closely connected notions, phenomena, objects, situations, events, ideas, images.

Antonomasia(or renaming ) is a lexical stylistic device that lies in the interplay between the logical and nominal meanings of a word. Antonomasia is a kind of metaphor in which the nominal meaning of a proper noun is suppressed by its logical meaning or the logical meaning of a common noun acquires the new nominal component.

Apocoinu construction is the omission of the pronominal (adverbial) connective of the complex sentence that creates the blend of the main and subordinate clause. As a result of this process the predicative or the object of the first clause is simultaneously used as the subject of the second one.

Aposiopesis is an abrupt break off of the narration caused by the speakers unwillingness to proceed or his/her disability to speak because of the emotional rush, hesitation, indecision, etc. Aposiopesis is a common feature of colloquial speech. In literary discourse aposiopesis, like ellipsis and one-member sentences, is mostly to be found in dialogues, direct, indirect or represented speech.

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