. I have never read Balzac in the original

. He had an egg-like head and frog-like jaws

. What a storm of applause!

. My heart is beating with excitement.

10. Which line accounts for the lexical homonyms (the same part of speech)?

. throne-thrown, saw-sore, bear-bare

. nail - nail, bank - bank, yard - yard

. asked - asked, put - put, brother's brothers

. some - sum, so - saw, flu - flew

11. What is "a synonymic dominant"?

. a general term, neutral in style and with a great combining power

. structurally it is an unproductive word

. it is a loan word

. etymologically it is a genuine word

12. The difference between phraseological units and free word combinations lies in

. syntactical peculiarities (impossibility of transformations)

. semantic peculiarities (they are partially or fully non-motivated)

. morphological pecularities

. both syntactical and semantic peculiarities?

13. Archaisms may be used

. to create the historic atmosphere

. to show that the speaker is attached to usage of unusual words

. to avoid tautology

. to produce humorous effect

14. Which of the words are the native ones?

. hen, cow, goat, crow, bird, bear, fox, hare, lark

. pigeon, turkey, kangaroo, giraffe, squirrel, zebra

. came, crocodile, hyena, gorilla, lynx, monkey

. potato, tomato, tobacco, macho, fiesta

15. Find the proper type of conversion of the words given below: round a round, criminal a criminal, to say a say, to try a try

. verbalization

. substantivation

. adjectivization

. adverbalization

16. What are word-building models of the words to burgle, to edit, to skate, to wellwish, to enthuse?

. conversion

. back-formation

. affixation

. Reduplication


17. Which of the groups of words listed below corresponds to passive vocabulary?

. archaisms, dialect words, borrowings

. borrowings and slang words

. professionalisms, barbarisms, loan words

. neologisms, historisms, archaisms

18. The connotative component is what is suggested by or associated with

. a certain word meaning

. a certain concept

. a certain symbol

. a certain referent

19. Which line accounts for the homographs?

. cot - cot, game - game, match match

. pole - poll, scent - sent, plain - plane

. throne-thrown, saw-sore, bear-bare

. bass - bass, desert - desert, buffet - buffet

20. Synonyms belonging to the same stylistic layer, having the same connotation which are characterized by a distinction in the differentiating semes of the denotational component of their lexical meaning are named

. stylistic

. absolute

. ideographic

. phraseological

21. What types of phraseological units did acad. V.Vynogradov single out?

. phrasemes and idioms

. nominative and communicative

. phraseological fusions, phraseological unities, phraseological combinations

. one-summit and two-summit units

22. What systemic relationships are based on the linear character of speech?

. syntagmatic

. synonymous

. derivational

. paradigmatic

23. Words which occur in several languages as a result of borrowing from the same ultimate source are

. international words

. historisms

. archaic words

. new words

24. Which group of words belongs to the native stock?

. plum, palm, acacia, pine, baobab, mallow, pear

. potato, tomato, tobacco, macho, fiesta

. nut, acorn, fir, walnut, hazel-nut, ash, oak

. apricot, orange, banana, pomegranate, melon, cherry, lemon

25. By a translation loan is meant

. two or more words of the same language which came by different routes from one and the same basic original word

. the development in an English word of a new meaning under the influence of a correlated unit in some other language

. a word or a phrase formed from the material available in the given language but after a foreign pattern by means of literal, morpheme-for-morpheme translation of every component

. a word which occur in several languages as a result of borrowing from the same ultimate source

26. The morphemes -ness, -less, -dis are singled out as

. free

. archaic

. bound

. semi-bound

27. What morphemes are singled out semantically?

. free, bound, semi-bound

. roots and affixes

. grammatical inflexions

. roots, affixes, inflexions

28. The suffix ie in auntie is named

. archaic

. augmentive

. diminutive

. productive

29. A word is a unity of the sound-form and

. a symbol

. a notion

. a referent

. a meaning

30. A branch of lexicology which studies the problem of lexical meaning is called

. semasiology

. etymology

. morphology

. toponymy

31. Which line accounts for the metaphor?

. The pit loudly applauded

. He speaks like a book

. Kyiv is the heart of our country

. The coffee-pot is boiling

32. What process of semantic changes is defined as "a process as the result of which for one reason or another a word becomes disrepute and less respectable"?

. narrowing of meaning

. transference of meaning

. extension of meaning

. degradation of meaning

33. Which of the definitions corresponds to the notion "synonyms"?

. words that are characterized by their idiomaticity

. words that partially coincide in their sound-form but are different in meaning

. words belonging to the same part of speech, that are different in sound-form but identical or similar in meaning

. words that are identical in sound-form but different in meaning

34. Descriptive lexicology studies

. the structure of vocabulary units

. the vocabulary of a given language at a given stage of its development

. the description of the characteristic peculiarities in the vocabulary of a given tongue

. the history of the vocabulary of the language showing its change and development in the course of time

35. Choose a set of words where paradigmatic relationships are observed

. green leaves, green years, green man, in the long green

. heavy sky, heavy bag, heavy rain, heavy heart, heavy supper

. hand, handy, handwriting, handwritten, handful, handball COMMON ROOT

. white light, white crow, white nigh3t, white lie, white man

36. Borrowed words that are not assimilated in the adopting language are

. jargonisms

. international wolds

. barbarisms

. historisms

37. What is the difference between compound words and nominal word combinations?

. in a combination of words each element is stressed and written separately

. they have different connotation

. they can be of different parts of speech

. they have different meanings where the first element modifies the other

38. Conversion as the morphological way of forming new words was put forward by

. Ch. Fries

. Otto Jespersen

. A. Smirnitsky

. O. Akhmanova

39. Compounding is the type of word-formation where

. verbs are formed from nouns by shifting the stem

. words consist of at least two stems which occur in the language as free forms

. new words are formed by adding affixes to different stems

. new words are formed without adding any word-building elements

40. The term "conversion" was first introduced by

. S.Ullmann

. Otto Jespersen

. J. Lyons

. H. Sweet

41. Pick out the historisms from the groups below

. toreador, rajah, shah, mayor

. mom, eve, thy, thou, aye, nay, moon, oft

. pigeon, turkey, kangaroo, giraffe, squirrel, zebra

. anarch, baron, musketeer, vassal, carbonari

42. What term can be defined as "words that are identical in their sound form but have no common semes or association"

. lexical homonyms

. paronyms

. polysemantic words

. phraseological units

43. What is the process of forming the synonyms radiant bright?

. homonyms

. shift of meaning

. conversion

. borrowing

44. Point out the phraseological units that are considered to be synonymous

. through thick and thin, by hook or by crook, for love or money

. horn of plenty, Augean stables, Trojan horse, vanity of vanities

. to take the bull by the horns, in all respects, at one jump

. by little and little, on the spot, to begin at the wrong end

45. Special lexicology studies

. the vocabulary of a given language at a given stage of its development

. characteristic features of words in the vocabulary of every language

. the history of the vocabulary of the language showing its change and development in the course of time

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