À. I have never read Balzac in the original
á. He had an egg-like head and frog-like jaws
â. What a storm of applause!
ã. My heart is beating with excitement.
¹ 10. Which line accounts for the lexical homonyms (the same part of speech)?
à. throne-thrown, saw-sore, bear-bare
Á. nail - nail, bank - bank, yard - yard
â. asked - asked, put - put, brother's – brothers
ã. some - sum, so - saw, flu - flew
¹ 11. What is "a synonymic dominant"?
À. a general term, neutral in style and with a great combining power
á. structurally it is an unproductive word
â. it is a loan word
ã. etymologically it is a genuine word
¹ 12. The difference between phraseological units and free word combinations lies in
à. syntactical peculiarities (impossibility of transformations)
á. semantic peculiarities (they are partially or fully non-motivated)
â. morphological pecularities
Ã. both syntactical and semantic peculiarities?
¹ 13. Archaisms may be used
À. to create the historic atmosphere
á. to show that the speaker is attached to usage of unusual words
â. to avoid tautology
ã. to produce humorous effect
¹ 14. Which of the words are the native ones?
À. hen, cow, goat, crow, bird, bear, fox, hare, lark
á. pigeon, turkey, kangaroo, giraffe, squirrel, zebra
â. came, crocodile, hyena, gorilla, lynx, monkey
ã. potato, tomato, tobacco, macho, fiesta
¹ 15. Find the proper type of conversion of the words given below: round – a round, criminal – a criminal, to say – a say, to try – a try
¹ 16. What are word-building models of the words to burgle, to edit, to skate, to wellwish, to enthuse?
¹ 17. Which of the groups of words listed below corresponds to passive vocabulary?
à. archaisms, dialect words, borrowings
á. borrowings and slang words
â. professionalisms, barbarisms, loan words
Ã. neologisms, historisms, archaisms
¹ 18. The connotative component is what is suggested by or associated with
à. a certain word meaning
á. a certain concept
â. a certain symbol
ã. a certain referent
¹ 19. Which line accounts for the homographs?
à. cot - cot, game - game, match – match
á. pole - poll, scent - sent, plain - plane
â. throne-thrown, saw-sore, bear-bare
Ã. bass - bass, desert - desert, buffet - buffet
¹ 20. Synonyms belonging to the same stylistic layer, having the same connotation which are characterized by a distinction in the differentiating semes of the denotational component of their lexical meaning are named
¹ 21. What types of phraseological units did acad. V.Vynogradov single out?
à. phrasemes and idioms
á. nominative and communicative
â. phraseological fusions, phraseological unities, phraseological combinations
ã. one-summit and two-summit units
¹ 22. What systemic relationships are based on the linear character of speech?
¹ 23. Words which occur in several languages as a result of borrowing from the same ultimate source are
À. international words
â. archaic words
ã. new words
¹ 24. Which group of words belongs to the native stock?
à. plum, palm, acacia, pine, baobab, mallow, pear
á. potato, tomato, tobacco, macho, fiesta
Â. nut, acorn, fir, walnut, hazel-nut, ash, oak
ã. apricot, orange, banana, pomegranate, melon, cherry, lemon
¹ 25. By a translation loan is meant
à. two or more words of the same language which came by different routes from one and the same basic original word
á. the development in an English word of a new meaning under the influence of a correlated unit in some other language
â. a word or a phrase formed from the material available in the given language but after a foreign pattern by means of literal, morpheme-for-morpheme translation of every component
ã. a word which occur in several languages as a result of borrowing from the same ultimate source
¹ 26. The morphemes -ness, -less, -dis are singled out as
¹ 27. What morphemes are singled out semantically?
à. free, bound, semi-bound
Á. roots and affixes
â. grammatical inflexions
ã. roots, affixes, inflexions
¹ 28. The suffix –ie in auntie is named
¹ 29. A word is a unity of the sound-form and
à. a symbol
á. a notion
â. a referent
Ã. a meaning
¹ 30. A branch of lexicology which studies the problem of lexical meaning is called
¹ 31. Which line accounts for the metaphor?
à. The pit loudly applauded
á. He speaks like a book
Â. Kyiv is the heart of our country
ã. The coffee-pot is boiling
¹ 32. What process of semantic changes is defined as "a process as the result of which for one reason or another a word becomes disrepute and less respectable"?
à. narrowing of meaning
á. transference of meaning
â. extension of meaning
Ã. degradation of meaning
¹ 33. Which of the definitions corresponds to the notion "synonyms"?
à. words that are characterized by their idiomaticity
á. words that partially coincide in their sound-form but are different in meaning
Â. words belonging to the same part of speech, that are different in sound-form but identical or similar in meaning
ã. words that are identical in sound-form but different in meaning
¹ 34. Descriptive lexicology studies
à. the structure of vocabulary units
Á. the vocabulary of a given language at a given stage of its development
â. the description of the characteristic peculiarities in the vocabulary of a given tongue
ã. the history of the vocabulary of the language showing its change and development in the course of time
¹ 35. Choose a set of words where paradigmatic relationships are observed
à. green leaves, green years, green man, in the long green
á. heavy sky, heavy bag, heavy rain, heavy heart, heavy supper
Â. hand, handy, handwriting, handwritten, handful, handball COMMON ROOT
ã. white light, white crow, white nigh3t, white lie, white man
¹ 36. Borrowed words that are not assimilated in the adopting language are
Á. international wolds
¹ 37. What is the difference between compound words and nominal word combinations?
À. in a combination of words each element is stressed and written separately
á. they have different connotation
â. they can be of different parts of speech
ã. they have different meanings where the first element modifies the other
¹ 38. Conversion as the morphological way of forming new words was put forward by
à. Ch. Fries
á. Otto Jespersen
Â. A. Smirnitsky
ã. O. Akhmanova
¹ 39. Compounding is the type of word-formation where
à. verbs are formed from nouns by shifting the stem
Á. words consist of at least two stems which occur in the language as free forms
â. new words are formed by adding affixes to different stems
ã. new words are formed without adding any word-building elements
¹ 40. The term "conversion" was first introduced by
á. Otto Jespersen
â. J. Lyons
Ã. H. Sweet
¹ 41. Pick out the historisms from the groups below
à. toreador, rajah, shah, mayor
á. mom, eve, thy, thou, aye, nay, moon, oft
â. pigeon, turkey, kangaroo, giraffe, squirrel, zebra
ã. anarch, baron, musketeer, vassal, carbonari
¹ 42. What term can be defined as "words that are identical in their sound form but have no common semes or association"
à. lexical homonyms
â. polysemantic words
ã. phraseological units
¹ 43. What is the process of forming the synonyms radiant – bright?
á. shift of meaning
¹ 44. Point out the phraseological units that are considered to be synonymous
à. through thick and thin, by hook or by crook, for love or money
á. horn of plenty, Augean stables, Trojan horse, vanity of vanities
â. to take the bull by the horns, in all respects, at one jump
ã. by little and little, on the spot, to begin at the wrong end
¹ 45. Special lexicology studies
à. the vocabulary of a given language at a given stage of its development
á. characteristic features of words in the vocabulary of every language
â. the history of the vocabulary of the language showing its change and development in the course of time