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Одесский юридический институт

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Министерство внутренних дел Украины

Одесский юридический институт

Харьковского Национального университета внутренних дел

Кафедра иностранных языков

 

 

ЛексичЕСКий практикум

ПО англИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

для курсантов (студентов)

 

 

Одесса – 2002

 

 

Рекомендовано до друку рішенням Вченої ради ОІВС.

Протокол №3 від 2 листопада 2000 р.

 

 

Укладачі: Мітіна О.М., завідувач кафедри іноземних мов Одеського юридичного інституту НУВС

Вороненко Л.Г., викладач англійської мови кафедри іноземних мов Одеського юридичного інституту НУВС

Драпалюк К.І., викладач англійської мови кафедри іноземних мов Одеського юридичного інституту НУВС

Рецензент: Мізецька В. Я.,доктор філологічних наук, професор, завідувач кафедри іноземних мов Одеської національної юридичної академії

 

Chapter I

Unit 1

1. Key words

- to establish

- to assure rights

- personal inviolability

- to guarantee

- to elect

- independence

- adoption

 

2. Read the text.

Constitution of Ukraine

On June 28, 1996 the Verkhovna Rada adopted the Fundamental Law of Ukraine, its Constitution.

The Constitution establishes the country's political system, assures rights, freedoms and duties of citizens, and is the basis for its law.

According to the Constitution Ukraine is a sovereign and independent, democratic, social, legal state. Ukraine is a republic. The state language is Ukrainian. The state symbols of Ukraine are the State Flag, the State Emblem and the State Anthem of Ukraine. The State Flag is a blue and yellow banner.

The trident is the State Emblem.

The Constitution assures human and civil rights, freedoms and duties. It states that every person has the right to the free expression views and beliefs.

Every person has freedom of thought and speech. The Constitution guarantees the rights to life, personal inviolability. The right of private property is inviolable.

According to the Constitution cultural heritage is protected by law. No person may damage the environment.

The duty of citizens is to respect the state’s symbols, to defend the Motherland, its independence and territorial integrity.

The Constitution outlines the activities of the Verkhovna Rada. Its main function is making laws. The people's deputies are elected to the Verkhovna Rada for a term of four years.

The Constitution specifies the power and obligations of the President, who is the head of the State. He is elected for a term of five years. He can't be elected for more than two full terms.

The highest body of the executive power is the Cabinet of Ministers. It carries out the domestic and foreign policy of the State.

The Constitution outlines the activities of the judicial power too.

The Constitution of Ukraine consists of 15 chapters, 161 articles. The day of its adoption is a state holiday — the Day of the Constitution of Ukraine.

3. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following expressions.

- приймати закон

- незалежна країна

- приватна власність

- головні обов’язки

- культурна спадщина

- зовнішня політика

- права людини

 

4. Make up questions to the each part of the text.

 

Give synonyms for the words below.

1) community; 2) to guarantee; 3) to outline; 4) heritage; 5) to adopt; 6) organ.

 

6. Explain the meanings of the following word combinations. Make up your own sentences with them.

- right to the free expression of views and beliefs

- right to live

- right to personal inviolability

- right to private property.

 

Translate into English.

- права людини

- голова парламенту

- ухвалити закон України

- утвердження демократії

- розгляд законопроектів

- правова політика

- формування структур державної влади

 

Imagine you’re People’s Deputy.

Make up your own report, using the word combinations above.

 

Match each word on the left with the appropriate definition on the right.

1) activity a. musical composition

2) term b. thing (to be)done; occupation

3) anthem c. surroundings, circumstances ,influences

4) inviolable d. not to be violated or dishonored

5) environment e. fixed or limited period of time.

 

Narrate the text.

Unit 2

Key words

– junior and senior complement

- to subordinate

- to provide

- scientific

- secondary

- experience

 

Read the text.

Our Institute

Odessa Law Institute attached to Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs is the leading educational and scientific center of law enforcement tendency in the South of Ukraine.

It was founded in 1995 by the decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of the 12-th of December, 1994, №818 and by the Order of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine of the 20-th of February, 1995, №108.

Our Institute has its nearly 80 years history and a rich experience of training of specialists for Internal Affairs .Its history can be divided into following stages:

The 1st stage-the foundation of the Internal Affairs Militia School on the 27th of February, 1922. The main aim of militia school was to train junior and senior complement of militia. It 1945 the Militia School was restored. In 1952 the government of the USSR promulgated an edict on reformation of the Militia School into the Militia special high school within the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR.

In 1991 it was subordinated to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.

The 2nd stage-the foundation of the Militia college. It was created according to the Law of Ukraine “On education” on the 11th of March, 1992.

The 3rd stage- Odessa Institute of Internal Affairs was established in February, 1995 on the basis of Militia College.

Nowadays there are 15 Chairs providing the education.

Every year more than 200 militiamen take part in the improvement of professional skill courses.

8 scientific circles? club, musical group, 10 sport sections regularly work in institute.

 

Find in the text the English equivalents for the following words and word combinations.

- із досвіду

- відповідно до указу

- старший офіцерський склад

- школа міліції

- училище міліції

- курси підвищення кваліфікації

- курси перепідготовки

- підпорядковуватися

- навчання

- поновлювати.

 

Make up all types of questions to the text.

Translate into Ukrainian paying attention to the meanings of underlined words.

1) Is your passport in order? Is it valid?

2) It is in order to interrupt?

3) The phone is out of order.

4) The rose and the bean families belong to the same order.

5) Militiamen must obey orders.

6) The engine has been tuned and is now in perfect order.

7) A prime ministers kept busy with affairs of state.

8) The plane crash was a terrible affair.

9) That’s my affair, not yours.

10) Take careful aim at the target.

11) He has only one aim and abject in live-to make a fortune before he is fifty.

12) Has he had much experience in work of this sort?

13) We all learn from experience.

14) At last his anger experienced.

15) There is a shortage of trained nurses.

16) I’m training to be a policeman.

17) Train a gun on the enemy.

18) She tries to train roses against a wall.

 

Match each word on the left with the appropriate definition on the right.

1. to restore a. ability to do something

2. order b. command given with authority

3. to promulgate c. cause something to exist

4. to create d. business of any kind

5. skill e. bring back into use

6. affairs f. make public, announce officially (a decree, a new law)

7. decree g. order given by a ruler or authority

and having the force of a law

 

Narrate the text.

 

Unit 3

1. Key words

-citizens’ rights

-safeguard

-to maintain

-public order

-property

-abide by

-experienced

-to prevent

 

2. Read the text.

Give synonyms for the words below ;use them in your own sentences.

1) citizen; 2) person; 3) an order 4) a criminal; 5) task.

 

Answer the questions.

1. What is your work exactly?

2. How many hours a day do you work?

3. What do you enjoy most in your job?

4. What do you hate most in your job?

5. What are the difficulties in crime prevention?

 

Finish the dialogue, make up your own dialogues using the model.

A: What are your plans for some nearest years when you get a job?

B: Well, first I’m going to…

A: You’re lucky. While you’re working as a…I’ll be…

B: Well, someone has to do it ,I suppose.

 

7. Work in pairs. Discuss the following:

Attitude of the society 1) to the militia (to the people, serving in militia)

2) to the criminals.

Use the following expressions:

- I am sure that….

- I am certain that ….

- There is no doubt it.

- I can’t say for sure.

- To my mind….

- I think that…

 

Narrate the text.

 

Unit 4

 

1. Key words

-higher legal education

-Criminal Investigation department

-operative investigative activity

-criminality

-crime prevention

 

Read the text .

My study

In ….. I entered Odessa Law Institute. Now I'm a … year cadet. Our Institute is situated in Odessa. It is a law educational establishment of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Our Institute trains future lawyers for the organs of Ukrainian militia. I shall get a higher legal education. I'll become a lawyer by speciality. I shall work at a Criminal Investigation Department (CID). I can work as an operative or investigator. We study many subjects. The main subjects we study at the Institute are: Civil and Criminal law, Criminalistics and Criminology, Operative investigative activity, Inquiry , Administrative law, International law and English. The course of study lasts 4 years. Our main task as future policemen is to fight against criminality, to prevent and solve crimes. Crime prevention is the main aim of our detective activity. The detective activity, of the operative is also quite necessary for the solution of many serious cases. That's why we should study law and master special means? methods and forms of fighting crime.

Narrate the text.

 

 

Unit 5

Key words

- independence

- to regulate

- armed agency

- encroachments

- warden

- voluntary

- to vest in

- society

 

Read the text.

MILITIA OF UKRAINE

Militia of Ukraine was created in March-April 1917 at the time of the Ukrainian People's Republic by the Central Rada. With the proclamation of independence of Ukraine and disintegration of the Soviet Union the militia of Ukraine became a part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.

The activity of militia in Ukraine is regulated by the law of Ukraine of 20 December 1990 "On Militia", the law of Ukraine of 18 February 1992 "On operative investigative activity". Militia is the state armed agency of the executive power, which guards life, health, rights and freedoms of citizens, property, interests of the society and the state against criminal encroachments.

Militia performs administrative, preventive, investigative, criminal procedural, executive and guarding functions. Militia is composed of:

Criminal militia,

Militia of public safety,

Transport militia,

State traffic militia,

Militia wardens,

The closed units service.

The staff of militia is composed of personal, serving in militia who has special militia ranks. Recruitment to militia is done on voluntary basis and includes persons over 18 years who by their personal qualities, education and the state of health are able to perform duties, vested in them.

 

Translate into English.

1) Діяльність міліції основана на принципах законності, гуманізму, поваги до особи, соціальної справедливості.

2) Міліція виконує свої задачі неупереджено, з точним дотриманням закону.

3) Працівник міліції є представником державного органу виконавчої влади.

4) Працівник міліції знаходиться під захистом закону.

 

Answer the questions.

1) When was militia of Ukraine created?

2) What laws are regulated the activity of militia?

3) What is ‘militia’?

4) What functions does Militia perform?

5) What is it composed of?

6) Who serves in militia?

 

7. Work in groups. Discuss:1) The activity of different militia departments.

 

Narrate the text.

Unit 6

 

Key words

- militarized detachment of population

- close ties

- for the benefit of

- to stress the difference

- Ukrainian state ward

- workers- peasants soviet militia

- People’s Commissionary of Internal Affairs

- criminal investigation

- traffic militia

- economic crime fighting

 

Read the text.

Answer the questions.

1) When was militia of Ukraine created?

2) What does the term “militia” mean?

3) What was this term used to?

4) Who introduced “The Ukrainian state ward”?

5) When was militia restored?

6) When was the workers-peasants’ soviet militia created?

7) What can you tell about People’s Commissioners of Internal Affairs?

8) When were special agencies created?

9) When was militia of Ukraine subordinated to the republican Ministry?

10) When did Militia of Ukraine become a part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine?

 

Narrate the text.

 

 

Unit 7

Key words

- voluntary basis

- agreement basis

- to be retired

- to confer the rank

- medium level (senior, higher) commanding complement

- military forces of Ukraine

- practical experience

- law enforcement agencies

 

Read the text.

UKRAINIAN MILITIA RANKS

The rank and file complement is staffed on the agreement basis with the male persons who have already undergone the service in the army and other persons who are in reserve of the military forces of Ukraine (except retired officers) and in case of necessity with females.

These categories are conferred the ranks of: private, junior sergeant, sergeant, master sergeant of militia, ensign and senior ensign.

The positions of medium-level senior and higher commanding complement of militia are staffed with specialist who have higher or special secondary training and meet the requirements of the militia service.

The medium level commanding personnel is stuffed with the junior commanding personnel who have secondary or higher education, practical experience in law enforcement agencies.

The last category of personnel are conferred the ranks: junior lieutenant, lieutenant, senior lieutenant, captain, to the senior commanding staff - those of major, lieutenant colonel, colonel of militia; to the highest commanding staff - major-general of militia, lieutenant-general of militia.

Training of the personnel is done in the following way: primary professional training is done at the primary professional schools of training during 6 months with conferring the profession of a militiaman.

Professional educational training of junior militia staff is done at the militia colleges during 3 years with conferring qualifications according to militia agencies activities.

 

3. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following expressions.

- набір в міліцію;

- добровільна основа;

- особисті якості;

- стан здоров’я;

- виконувати обов’язки;

- договірна основа;

- пройти службу в армії;

- бути в запасі;

- офіцери у відставці;

- присвоювати звання;

- практичний досвід;

- правоохоронні органи;

- навчання особового складу.

 

4. Explain the meaning of the words below; make up sentences with them.

Answer the questions.

1) Whom is file complement staffed with?

2) What ranks are conferred to :

a) file commanding complement?

b) medium commanding complement?

c) senior commanding complement?

d) higher commanding complement?

3) What way is training of personnel done?

 

Narrate the text.

Unit 8

Military commands and word expressions.

- Look out!

- Be careful!

- Look ahead.

- Please help me (that man, her).

- Dial 01 in case of fire.

02 for the militia.

03 for an ambulance.

- Call for an ambulance (patrol car).

- Keep quiet, please.

- Give your name(surname, address, telephone number).

- Show me your documents: passport, identity card, driving licence.

- Go (march) in single file.

- Form in fours.

- Re-form.

- Keep step.

- Halt!

- Don’t move!

- Hands up !( Hands behind the head !)

- Give(yourself) up!

- Throw away the weapons !(Drop the gun!)

- Fall in!

- Shun!

- Right (left)face!

- About face!

- At ease!

- Dismiss!

- Forward!

- Please, sign your name(the report).

- Please, give me a written explanation.

- Go to the chief.

- Follow me to the militia to clear up this question.

- Don’t drive a car under the influence of alcohol (drugs).

- Observe road traffic rules.

- Park the car in the proper parking places.

 

Translate into English.

А) викличте швидку допомогу; обережно; допоможіть; зателефонуйте в міліцію; зберігайте спокій; пред’явіть, будь ласка, ваші документи; посвiдчення водiя; посвiдчення особи; дайте письмове пояснення.

Б) Шикуйсь, струнко; в колону по одному; в колону по чотири;

В) Стій, руки вгору; здавайся, кинь зброю;

Г) Струнко! Праворуч! Ліворуч! Кругом! Вперед! Стій! Вільно!

Д) Це питання слід вирішувати у міліцейському відділенні; пройдіть, будь ласка, до начальника; не водіть машину в нетверезому стані; виконуйте правила дорожнього руху.

 

Unit 9

 

Key words

- Metropolitan Police Service

- Ministry of Defense Police

- policing

- nuclear establishments

- Home secretary

- volunteer

 

Read the text.

Translate into English.

1) В нашій країні існує розгалужена залізнична мережа.

2) Міністерство Оборони видало указ про новий призов до Збройних сил.

3) У світі накопичена велика кількість ядерної зброї.

4) Ця організація фінансує Благодійний фонд.

5) Вони вказали на основні моменти в плані.

6) Я тобі не дозволяю діяти таким чином.

7) Страйки виступають ефективної зброєю для досягнення цілі.

 

Narrate the text.

Unit 10

 

Key words

- join the police force,

- cadet corps,

- a police station,

- tuition,

- operational division,

- on probation,

- refresher courses

- lower – grade applicants

Read the text.

 

Answer the questions.

1) What personal qualities must every police officer have?

2) Who can join the police force?

3) What cadets are attached to a police station?

4) What do all trainees start with?

5) When are cadets confirmed in the rank of constable?

6) What kind of courses for officers do the colleges offer?

 

7. Study and insert right word into the sentence:

c o r p s [ k o :( r), pl. k o : z ]- military force made of two or more divisions;

c o r p s e [ k o :ps]- dead body

 
 


1) The Royal Army Medical…

2) The … was arranged in the hearse.

3) …Diplomatique are all the ambassadors, ministers and attaches of foreign states in a country.

Narrate the text.

Unit 11

Key words

- law enforcement

- to investigate

- to be responsible for

- Treasure Department

- customs

- naturalization

- county

 

Read the text.

Answer the questions.

1) What are the levels of U.S. law enforcement agencies?

2) What is Internal revenue service responsible for?

3) What was the first police organization?

4) What is the aim of State police ?

5) What is county police department?

6) How are sheriffs elected?

 

Narrate the text.


Chapter II

Texts for reading

 

Independence of Ukraine

Beginning in the mid- 1950s, outbursts of political protest against the totalitarian system gained momentum in Ukraine. An increasing number of illegal samizdat literature was published, and several dissident organizations and groups appeared. A deep crisis enveloped all walks of life in the 1970s - 1980s.

On June 16, 1990 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine passed the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine. On August 24, 1991, the Ukrainian Parliament solemnly proclaimed Ukraine’s independence and the formation of the independent state of Ukraine, proceeding from the right to self – determination, provided by the UN Charter and other international documents.

On December 1, 1991, a referendum took place in Ukraine, involving 84.18 percent of citizens, of which number 90.35 percent seconded the Independence Act of August 24.

In 1994 L. Kuchma won the Presidential elections and became the new President of Ukraine.

A new state, Ukraine, appeared on the world political map in 1991. It is a democratic state, ruled by the law. It includes 24 administrative regions and the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea.

State power in Ukraine is based on the division of authority into legislative, executive and judicial. The President is the highest official of the Ukrainian state, vested with supreme executive authority.

The Verkhovna Rada ( Parliament ) of Ukraine is the sole legislative authority.

Judicial power in Ukraine is vested in the courts of law. The courts are independent and in all their activities abide only by the rules of law.

The National Emblem of Ukraine is a Golden Tryzub (trident) on a blue shield. The National flag of Ukraine is a rectangular cloth with two horizontal stripes of equal width, the upper colored blue and the lower golden yellow. The National Anthem has been performed since January 1992.

The National Holiday, Independence Day, is celebrated on August 24.

Ukraine is making strenuous efforts to create an effective economic system, along with advancing the institutions of democracy, and raising the country’s prestige in the international arena.

The American Fourth of July

The celebration of Independence Day in the United States is a happy and relaxing holiday. Despite the serious atmosphere of the events on July 4, 1776, in the Philadelphia convention where the Declaration of Independence was formally signed, the celebration of that famous document is anything but serious today. Many people display the national flag outside their houses on that day and in many towns and cities they hold large parades, in which Boy Scouts, Community groups like Kiwanis and Lions, Schools and many other groups participate and public officials make speeches. Since it is an official public holiday, all banks, government offices and schools are closed and almost all businesses make holiday. Since the fourth of July occurs at the best time of summer, many families celebrate it by going on picnics with friends, and family, playing baseball, going swimming and going to beaches. Barbecues are very popular with hot dogs, hamburgers, potato salad, ice cream, apple pie and water-melons being the favourites for children and adults alike. There are always many ice-gold drinks, especially all kinds of “pop”, lemonades and of course lots of beer. It is a holiday where diets are forgotten and very large quantities of food are consumed. The day usually ends with great displays of fire- works in all kinds of patterns by band music. Everyone usually goes home tired but happy, often suffering from sunburn, except on the rare occasion when it rains on that day and everything outdoors is spoiled.

 

 

The smuggler

Sam Lewis was a customs officer. He used to work in a small border town. It wasn’t a busy town and there wasn’t much work. The road usually very quiet and there weren’t many travellers. It wasn’t a very Interesting job, but Sam liked an easy life. About once a week, he used to meet an old man. His name was Draper. He always used to arrive at the border early in the morning in a big truck. The truck was always empty. After a while Sam became suspicious. He often used to search the truck, but he never found anything. One day he asked Draper about his job. Draper laughed and said, ‘I’m a smuggler.

Last year Sam retired. He spend his savings on an expensive holiday.

He flew to Bermuda, and stayed in a luxury hotel. One day he was sitting by the pool and opposite him he saw Draper drinking champarne.

Sam walked over to him.

Sam: Hello, there !

Draper: Hi !

Sam: Do you remember me ?

Draper: Yes … of course I do. You’re a customs officer.

Sam: I used to be, but I’m not any more. I retired last month. I often used

to search your truck …

Draper: … but you never found anything !

Sam: No, I didn’t. Can I ask you something ?

Draper: Of course you can.

Sam: Were you a smuggler ?

Draper: Of course I was.

Sam: But … the truck was always empty. What were you smuggling ?

Draper: Trucks !

 

STRAIGHT EDGE KIDS

Straight edge teenagers are a growing group of youths who are unhappy with the corrupt society in which they are growing up. They don’t want to follow the usual routes of teenage rebellion. Instead they have chosen to life to better themselves and the world in which they live.

Originally, being a ‘straight edge’ meant that you didn’t drink, smoke or do drugs. These days straight edgers are additionally participating in

animal right protests, following a vegetarian or vegan diet and are increasingly involved in environmental and political issues and protest. Music also plays an important role in the straight edge scene. Straight edge bands originally grew out of the punk rock \ hardcore scene in the 1980s as a reaction against the infamous excesses of punk rock.

Agree to disagree

Over the years straight edge’s popularity has increased, but attention has also been focussed on the narrow –minded aspects of the straight edge way of life. The problem today is, that while some see the straight edge philosophy as positive, many others see it as being intolerant of others. The tension between the two groups has led (particularly in America) to violent incidents. The main problem seems to be shat straight edge teenagers take their beliefs to different extremes. There seems to be a big disagreement between “ ordinary ” straight edgers who follow the basic principles of having a dean, healthy and positive lifestyle, and extreme straight edgers, who are aggressive towards different beliefs and lifestyles.

Hard – line

In the US, there is one area notorious for extreme or hard – line straight edge behavior – Salt Lake City in the state of Utah. Many of the edgers like to classify themselves as a “crew”, which other people, and the police in particular, tend to translate as “gang”. A minority of radicals have no patience with anyone, teenagers or adults, who drink and smoke or do not fit to their strict philosophy in some way.

Over the edge

Straight edge crews are also know for fighting rival straight edge crews when there is no one else to fight. As a result, some hardcore bands refuse to tour in Salt Lake City, where there have been severalserious incidents including beating and stabbings. Some teenagers, such as Bret Walton, even end up in jail. Bret is on 3 years probation after serving time in jail for planning to burn down a business that sells fur traps. Bret is a vegan, who according to the straight edge Hardline Manifecto, should aim for purity in everyday life by not taking an would say that he has taken his beliefs in the freedom of animals too far.

Fashion statement

Straight edge kids make a statement with their fashion as well as with their philosophy. A tidy appearance is popular, with baggy trousers and T – shirts. Tattoos are a popular statement of straight edge membership, as are pierced earlobes with large hotels. Backpacks confiscated from student at a high school in Utah contained chains and heavy chain necklaces. There is also a straight edge symbol “sXe”, in which the “X” is the universal symbol of the straight edgers. Unfortunately, some young people end up displaying the symbol, whether they want to or not. One young man was scarred with an “X”, cut into his back by a group of straight edge kids who found him smoking pot. Whilst many people are antidrugs, most people do not take the law into their own hands, and certainly not in such a violent and dangerous way.

Klan killer executed

A FORMER member of the Ku Klux Klan was extcuted in the electric chair for murdering a black youth.

Henry Hays, 42, was pronounced dead after eight minutes. He had helped to lynch 19-year-old Michael Donald after cruising a poor neighbourhood at Mobile, Alabama, looking for a black person to kill.

The murder prompted a civil case in which Michaels family sued one of the main Klan organisation's, winning about 4,3 million and almost bankrupting the organisation.

Hays claimed he was innocent and blamed his conviction on membership of America.

But another Klan members testified that he and Hays had attacked the teenager.

They forced Michael into their car at gunpoint. Lainer they beat him with tree branches and, after he tried to escape, put a noose around his neck and choked him.

The jury of 11 whites and one black recommended that Hays serve a sentenct of life without parole. But the judge decided on the death penalty.

 

The problem

Last year, a European survey showed that the number of teenagers who had tried drugs was 6 per cent in Greece, 15 per cent in France and 30 per cent in Britain.

Statistics show that drug use by British teenagers has doubled since 1989. Half teenagers who were interviewed admitted they had tried at least one type of drug. 70 per cent said they had been offered drugs in the past 3 months.

The drugs that the government is most worried about are stimulant drugs such as Speed and Ecstasy (or 'E' as it is commonly known) and hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD. They are worried that many young people believe these drugs to be exciting and fashionable. They think that many of teenagers will be influenced by films such as Transporting and Pulp Fiction which show attractive people taking drugs.

The solution

The government decided that it needed a new anti-drugs campaign. However, before it did this, it studied young people's attitudes. The survey showed that teenagers knew that drugs were bad for them but they could not actually name any health risk associated with particular drugs. It also showed that 61 per cent of teenage drug-users would consider stopping using drugs if they thought they were a serious danger to their health.

It was also understood that many teenagers ignored drugs warnings in schools because they thought they were childish. In fact, it was proved that in some cases, the reason for taking drugs was to rebel against warnings from adults.

Using the results of the survey, a new campaign has been started. The new hopes to treat teenagers like adults. It informs young people of the health risks associated with particular drugs. It does this with photos of teenagers. On the advertisements, the parts of their bodies which can be damaged by drugs are indicated by biological diagrams showing the health risks.

Many teenagers try drugs as a 'dare' to show their friends that they are not scared. Often their friends insist until the person says 'yes'. The health authority hope that the advertisements will help teenagers to say 'no' tothis and be able to have good reasons to posters reason say it. In addition to posters, the health authority has also made radio advertisements and put the number of their drugs helpline (a telephone number that can be called confidentially for help) in a lot of places. The people at the helpline advise' people what to do if they hive' a drug problem or need more information about dangers of drugs.

 

DRUG FACTS

31% of teenagers interviewed could not name a health risk associated with Ecstasy.

LAST YAER, Eton (one of England's most expensive schools) and several other schools introduced drug tests.

If the tests show a pupil has used an illegal drug, he/she is expelled and has to leave the school forever.

LAST YAER, it was discovered that children of 10 years were being sold hallucinogenic drugs (LSD). The drugs had pictures of cartoon characters on them to attract the children.

49% of young drug-users say they would stop using drugsif they thought they were getting addicted.

35% of young drug-users say they don't know why they use them.

MOST young drug-users say that they listen more to what their friends say about drugs than to what the media say about drugs.

THE NUMBER of young males taking drug is higher than the number of young females.

THE GREATEST increase in drug use in the past eight years is by 15-16 year olds.

MANY people argue that smoking kills more people, than drugs.

9,75% of British 12-13-year-olds smoke at least one cigarette a week.

26,4% of British 14-15-year-olds smoke at least one cigarette a week.

 

 


 

 

Література

1. Романовская. Ю., Гужва Т., Кодалашвили О. Английский язык. – К., 1998.

2. Гуманова Ю.Л., Коралева В.А., Свешникова М.П. Just English, Английский для юристов. - М., 1997.

3. Бурова З.И. Пособие по английскому языку. – М., 1984.

4. Голицинский Ю.Б. Грамматика. - М., 1998.

5. Зеликман А.Я. Английский для юристов. – Ростов-на-Дону, 1997.

6. Зеликман А.Я. Английский язык для юристов. Книга для преподавателей – Ростов-на-Дону, 1996.

7. Пестрякова Н.В. 100 английских разговорных тем. - Харьков, 1998.

8. Бонк Н.А., Котий Г.А., Лукьянова Н.А. Учебник английского языка в 2-х частях. Часть І. – М., 1994.

9. Шах-Назарова В.С., Журавченко К.В. Английский для вас в 2-х частях. - Кишинев, 1992.

10. Афендікова А.А. English for law students. – Донецьк, 1998.

11. Верба Т.В. Довідник з граматики англійської мови. – К., 1995.

12. Карнышева Н.М., Янушков В.Н. Практическая грамматика английского языка. – Мн., 1996.

13. Шах-Назарова В.С. Практический курс английского языка. – М., 1995.

 

Министерство внутренних дел Украины

Одесский юридический институт

Харьковского Национального университета внутренних дел

Кафедра иностранных языков

 

 

ЛексичЕСКий практикум

ПО англИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

для курсантов (студентов)

 

 

Одесса – 2002

 

 

Рекомендовано до друку рішенням Вченої ради ОІВС.

Протокол №3 від 2 листопада 2000 р.

 

 

Укладачі: Мітіна О.М., завідувач кафедри іноземних мов Одеського юридичного інституту НУВС

Вороненко Л.Г., викладач англійської мови кафедри іноземних мов Одеського юридичного інституту НУВС

Драпалюк К.І., викладач англійської мови кафедри іноземних мов Одеського юридичного інституту НУВС

Рецензент: Мізецька В. Я.,доктор філологічних наук, професор, завідувач кафедри іноземних мов Одеської національної юридичної академії

 

Chapter I

Unit 1

1. Key words

- to establish

- to assure rights

- personal inviolability

- to guarantee

- to elect

- independence

- adoption

 

2. Read the text.

Constitution of Ukraine

On June 28, 1996 the Verkhovna Rada adopted the Fundamental Law of Ukraine, its Constitution.

The Constitution establishes the country's political system, assures rights, freedoms and duties of citizens, and is the basis for its law.

According to the Constitution Ukraine is a sovereign and independent, democratic, social, legal state. Ukraine is a republic. The state language is Ukrainian. The state symbols of Ukraine are the State Flag, the State Emblem and the State Anthem of Ukraine. The State Flag is a blue and yellow banner.

The trident is the State Emblem.

The Constitution assures human and civil rights, freedoms and duties. It states that every person has the right to the free expression views and beliefs.

Every person has freedom of thought and speech. The Constitution guarantees the rights to life, personal inviolability. The right of private property is inviolable.

According to the Constitution cultural heritage is protected by law. No person may damage the environment.

The duty of citizens is to respect the state’s symbols, to defend the Motherland, its independence and territorial integrity.

The Constitution outlines the activities of the Verkhovna Rada. Its main function is making laws. The people's deputies are elected to the Verkhovna Rada for a term of four years.

The Constitution specifies the power and obligations of the President, who is the head of the State. He is elected for a term of five years. He can't be elected for more than two full terms.

The highest body of the executive power is the Cabinet of Ministers. It carries out the domestic and foreign policy of the State.

The Constitution outlines the activities of the judicial power too.

The Constitution of Ukraine consists of 15 chapters, 161 articles. The day of its adoption is a state holiday — the Day of the Constitution of Ukraine.

3. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following expressions.

- приймати закон

- незалежна країна

- приватна власність

- головні обов’язки

- культурна спадщина

- зовнішня політика

- права людини

 

4. Make up questions to the each part of the text.

 

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