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ORGANIZATION OF THE POLICE SERVICE IN GB

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There are 52 police forces in Britain , mainly organized on a local basis: 43 in England and Wales, 8 in Scotland and 1(the Royal Ulster Constabulary) in Northern Ireland. The Metropolitan Police Service and the City of London Police Force are responsible for policing London.

In addition, the British Transport Police are responsible for policing the railway network including the London Underground and Doklands Light Railway; the Ministry of Defense Police are responsible chiefly for the policing of military establishments in GB and the UK Atomic Energy Authority Constabulary is responsible for policing nuclear establishments and for escorting nuclear material between establishments.

The police service is financed by central and local government.

Each force has volunteer special constables who performs police duties in their spare time, without pay, acting in support of regular officers.

Police forces are maintained in England and Wales by local police authorities. The Home Secretary is responsible for Londons Metropolitan Police Service. The police authorities in Scotland are the regional and islands councils, although new unitary councils will assume this role from April 1996. The Royal Ulster Constabulary is responsible to a police authority appointed by the Secretary of state for Northern Ireland.

Londons Metropolitan Police Commissioner and immediate subordinates are appointed on the recommendation of the Home Secretary.

Police officers are not allowed to join a trade union or to go on strike.

3. Give English equivalents for the following word combinations.

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-

-

-

-

-

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Make up questions to the text as a plan.

Explain the meanings of the following words.

- establishments

- policing

- authorities

- without pay

-force

Translate into English.

1) .

2) ̳ .

3) .

4) .

5) .

6) .

7) .

 

Insert right word into the sentence.

a) aloud b) allow c) allowed

1) Our string-bag caught on my button.

- me, madam. Now its all right.

2) Here is a message for you , Mr. Brown .

-Read it ,will you?

3) How long are the letters to London taking?

-You ought toa week at least.

4) Leave your camera alone. Dont you see the notice Taking pictures is not here?

5) Where have you taken these lovely flowers?

I cut them in the garden .Uncle me to do it.

6) Smoking is not in own home.

 

Match each word on the left with the appropriate definition on the right.

1)council a. give permission

2)to appoint b. choose for a port

3) to allow c. group of persons appointed, elected or chosen to give advice, manage affairs.

4) recommendation d. bring in reckon, as part of the whole.

5) to include e. Statement that in favorable

6) escort f. one or more persons, going with another or others

to protect them, or an honour.

Narrate the text.

Unit 10

 

Key words

- join the police force,

- cadet corps,

- a police station,

- tuition,

- operational division,

- on probation,

- refresher courses

- lower grade applicants

Read the text.

 

Police training in England and Wales

Every police officer must know something about various professions and skills, with a job like his. He is everything: lawyer, social worker, diplomat, traffic engineer. Above all a police officer must be kind, understanding, discreet and decisive. Normally one can join the police force between the ages of 18,5 and 30, after having left school. This is the normal way to join the police force. Lower- grade applicants and with a minimum age of 16 can join a police cadet corps, which prepares its members for police work and also offers them the opportunity to take high-grade level.

Towards the end of the training period, cadets are attached to a police station to get some first-hand knowledge of police work.

They become police recruits at the age of 18,5. All trainees start with 15 weeks of initial training at a districts training center. Then they take part in 2 weeks' tuition in local procedures before their first posting to an operational division.

For the next 2 years officers serves as constable on probation and continue their training. At the end of the second year, they take their final exam. Only after this, they are confirmed in the rank of constable. Passing the final exam as a police constable doesn't mean that training has finished. On the contrary, training continues with opportunities for promotion to sergeant or specialization in particular aspects of police work. The police force training colleges offer refresher courses for officers, who have been selected, for promotion in order to prepare them for new responsibilities.

There are different kinds of courses: the special course for a limited number of constables of outstanding ability, which prepare inspectors: the Junior Command Course to prepare inspectors and chief inspectors, the Senior command Course to prepare officers of superintendent rank for the highest echelons of the police service.

Find in the text English equivalents for the words below.

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-

-

-

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-

Explain the meanings of the following words.

- lower-grade applicants

- high-grade level
- first-hand knowledge

- police station

- posting

- initial training

- refresher courses

- particular aspect

 

5. Give synonyms for the words below; make up your own sentences with them.

1) discreet; 2) decisive; 3) understanding; 4) normally; 5) on the contrary; 6) constable; 7) preparing; 8) skill.

 

Answer the questions.

1) What personal qualities must every police officer have?

2) Who can join the police force?

3) What cadets are attached to a police station?

4) What do all trainees start with?

5) When are cadets confirmed in the rank of constable?

6) What kind of courses for officers do the colleges offer?

 

7. Study and insert right word into the sentence:

c o r p s [ k o :( r), pl. k o : z ]- military force made of two or more divisions;

c o r p s e [ k o :ps]- dead body

 
 


1) The Royal Army Medical

2) The was arranged in the hearse.

3) Diplomatique are all the ambassadors, ministers and attaches of foreign states in a country.

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