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Correct the false statements. T F

a. The Aral Sea was the fourth largest lake in the world.________

b. The Aral Sea was once the home to 24 species of fish________

c. The Aral Sea is the problem of only Kazakhstan.________

d. The Sea hasn't influenced the climate of the region.________

e. The air contains salt, dust and pollution blown from the Sea bed.

VI. Ү

Exercise 6Retelling the text :

 

20 11

қң қ: Caring for our world.

қң қ: қң ө қ

ң ә

ә

қ ә

ө

қә: ұқ-

қ :

ө: қ ,

ә қ :

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. Ү

Exercise 6

III. қң -қ

IV. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is Caring for our world.

V.ң қ

Read the text

Ecology Is a Great Problem

The earth is our home. We must take care of it for ourselves and for the future generations.

The importance 2 of this task is great as scientists who study the relation3 of man to nature say. Thesescientists are called "ecologists", from the Greek word "oikos", which means home. Ecologists are trying to keep the land, air and water clean.

Why must we keep our earth clean?

We have only a certain amount 4 of fresh water and clean air and we must take care of it. If we don't stop air and water pollutions 5, trees and flowers won't grow, fish will die in dirty water. We will have to breathe 6 dirty air.

Of course, people are working to make the earth cleaner, but they must do more. What can people do to make earth cleaner? Factories must stop polluting 7 air, rivers and lakes with waste products8and chemicals. They must work on it more. Lakes and rivers must be cleaned and kept clean.

Environmental problems concern everyone. We should remember that everyone can do something to solve them. We all want to live in a clean world.

IV.қ

Exercise 2 Answer to the questions

1. What does the word "ecology" mean?

2. What will happen if we do not stop polluting the land, air and water?

3. What are ecologists trying to do?

 

V.

Find out from the text sentences in Present Simple

Find out the sentences in Past Simple

Find out the sentences from the text in Present Perfect

VI. Ү

Retelling the text :

 

 

21 11

қң қ: Caring for our world.

қң қ: Caring for our world. қ

қң

қ ә

ө

қә: ұқ-, әң

қ :

ө: қ ,

ә қ :

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is Caring for our world.

III.

Brainstorming:

Today the human population is so large that the effects of people on the environment can be very powerful. Natural environment actually has been damaged or even completely destroyed by human activity.

20. Write down all the ideas that come to your mind about the different ways of damaging or destroying the natural environment. How do people damage it and destroy it?

21. Make a list of all different ways of damaging or destroying the environment. What do you think of it?

22. Compare your list with your partners first, then read your classmates' ideas

(Have a gallery walk- which means you hang your sheets of paper with the ideas on the board, walls, door and walk and read them all, if you find some interesting ideas borrow them: if you find some ideas to which you don't agree leave a note on that sheet of paper saying: "Excuse me, I don't quite agree to this idea and sign your name. When you all take down the sheets you may discuss them as a class or in groups of 6/4.

Look at the map of Kazakhstan.

You can find a lot of places in different parts of Kazakhstan which have environmental problems.

24. Read the definitions of the words which you come across on the map and find the
meaning which can be used.

pollute [pa'luit] v.t. 1. contaminate (pollute) or defile (the environment)

2. make foul of filthy, contaminate [kan'taemineit] v.t. 1. pollute, esp. with radioactivity.

2. infect; defile [di'fail] v.t. 1. make dirty; pollute

2. make ceremonially unclean,
waste [weist], n the act or an instance of wasting; extravagant

use of time, waste material or food; etc.

Put the following words into the appropriate columns below.

military testing site industrial pollution

the Aral disaster area radioactive pollution

biological pollution nuclear testing site

pasture degradation uranium mining wastes

land degradation. chemical wastes

mountain ecosystem wastes of ferrous metallurgy

degradation and coal products

 

III. Ү

Қ :

 

22 11

қң қ: Caring for our world (II)

қң қ: қң ө қ

ң ә

қ ә

ө

қә: ұқ-

қ :

ө: қ ,

ә қ :

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. Ү

Retelling the text

III. қң -қ

IV. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is The Environment.

V.ң қ

Exercise 1 Match Kazakh words with the English and practice the pronunciation

Increase, preserve, improve, inherit, integrate, harmful, emission, marine, discharge, tight, releases

Exercise 4 Read the text and answer the question: What do you think about this?

Environmental Principles

Britain is introducing a system of integrated pollution control (IPC). Releases to air, land and water from the most harmful processes will be controlled. Although IPC will control releases at home, higher standards will benefit countries abroad in the case of those emissions which can travel long distances. For example, discharges into rivers will eventually reach the sea, and so Britain's efforts to keep its inland waters clean will benefit the marine environment widely. Likewise, atmospheric pollution from coal-burning power stations can be deposited a long way away, and so tighter control will benefit Britain's neighbours.

IV.қ

5. Now check the dictionary to see if the meathe key)

6. Match the words in two columns that are most closely related to and practise the pronunciation.

1. inherit 1. improvement

2. preserve 2. beneficial

3. improve 3. atmospheric

4. benefit 4. inheritance

5. atmosphere 5. preservation

7. Mark the Parts of Speech of the following words:

1. inherit 6. inheritance

2. preserve 7. preservation

3. atmosphere 8. atmospheric

4. improve 9. improvement

5. benefit 10. beneficial

V.

Exercise 9. Read the text and find the most important problems of cleaning up the environment. (If there are new words see the key).

Exercise 10. Comprehension check

VI. Ү

Retelling the text :

23 11

қң қ: Caring for our world (II)

қң қ: Caring for our world (II) қ

қң ,

ғ, ү

қ ә

ө

қә: ұқ-

қ :

ө: қ ,

ә қ :

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is Caring for our world (II).

III.

Exercise 9. Read the text and find the most important problems of cleaning up the environment. (If there are new words see the key).

Exercise 10. Comprehension check

Cleaning up the environment is cheap.

1. Control of pollution costs Britain between 1 and 1,5 per cent of its gross national product

3. Britain supports the principles that the polluter should pay

4. The polluter should pay pollution taxes

5. The European Community doesn't support Britain's principle that the polluter should Pay

6. It's recognized that developing countries do not have the same ability to pay the Financial

costs of dealing with the environmental problems as the developed countries

g) Britain doesn't give any support to developing
countries to tackle environmental improvement

h) Britain has offered 250 million pounds for the

environmental improvement

Exercise 11. Talk to your partner / class. What do you think?

Do you support Britain's principles?

Should or shouldn't the polluter pay pollution taxes?

Should or shouldn't developed countries help developing countries to solve the environmental problems?

Are they environmental problems of the world?

Do we have any environmental problems in Kazakhstan?

What activities does the Goverment do?

3. Choose the right answer

1. The idea about aliens first became popular when Erich von Daniken

1. wrote "Chariots of the Gods"

2. made a film about aliens

3. wrote an article about aliens

2. The author says that spaceships were observed

1. in Turkey

2. in Mesopotamia

3. in Kazakhstan

3. The author says that many ancient achievements and mysteries, from
the building of the pyramids in Egypt, to the maps of ancient sailors were only
possible with the help of

1. travellers

2. these ancient space travellers

3. scientists

IV. Ү

Exercise 13 :

 

24 11

қң қ: Caring for our world (II)

қң қ: Caring for our world (II) қ

қң қ

қң қғ

қ

қә: ұқ-

қ :

ө: қ ,

ә қ :

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is Caring for our world (II)

III.

13. Read the text and answer the question. What's the problem of the Aral sea. Read
the meaning of the word "evaporate"

The Aral Sea had a natural balance by replacing the water which evaporates in the hot weather with new water brought by the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya.

Nowadays these two rivers do not bring the needed amount of water because of the demand of water to irrigate cotton and rice fields of Central Asia. As a result the Aral Sea has lost its natural balance. The amount of water that reaches the Aral Sea is not enough to replace the lost water through evaporation

15. Read the sentences and complete them.

1) If I go to Astana I willsee the House of Parliament

If I go to the Parliament House I willwalk along the central square.

If I walkalong the square I willmeet a lot of people. If I meeta lot of people I willtalk with them

a. If I talk with them

(make friends with)

b. If I make friends with them

(go to the cinema/the park.)

If I go to the cinema

(know her/him/them/more)

d. If I know him/her/them more

(be good friends)

2)If we take careof the world we will be happy.

a. If we /look after/the world-the world/be/beautiful.

b. If we /plant/trees every year the air /be fresh/

If we /protect/ seas from pollution any sea never /die/

d. If we always /protect/ the environment on land in many ways

then we /protect wild life and their habitats.

2. Now write the sentences according to the chart.

3. Future Present

What will you giveme if I marryyou? I will give youa gold ring if you marryme.

IV. Ү

Exercise 16 :

25 11

қң қ: Air pollution

қң қ: қң ө қ ,

ө ү

ң ә

ғ ү ә

ө

қә: ұқ-

қ : ң ң

ө: қ ,

ә қ : ққ

 

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is Air pollution.

III.ң қ

Exercise 6 Read the text and mark the information which is new to you.

Climate Change

The Earth is warmed naturally by gases in the atmosphere trapping heat from the Sun. The Earth's climate has changed considerably in the past.

An increase in global temperature could lead to major problems for mankind;

Sea levels could rise, flooding low-lying coasts;

Different weather patterns could affect agriculture and food production;

and forced migrations of people could affect peace and international security.

Britain is taking steps to cut emissions of other greenhouse gases. For example, the Government is encouraging schemes to use methane from rubbish tips for energy; this gas would otherwise simply seep out into the atmosphere. Using this gas productively will also reduce dependence upon fossil fuels.

However, because the problem is global in scope, it is important that the different countries of the world take measures to control greenhouse gases together. Britain is one of the active members.

Deforestation can also contribute to the build up of greenhouses gas in the air. Britain supports many tree planting projects at home to promote good forest management elsewhere in the world.

Kazakhstan supports many tree planting projects at home to promote good forest management. For example, "Zhasyl el" movement.

Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbaev, The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan supports greatly a tree planting project around Astana. A lot of trees have been already planted. As the result of this Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan has become a green city

Vocabulary works

IV.қ

9. Comprehension check T F

1. Air pollution poses major dangers.

2. These include damage from acid rain, -/

the depletion of the ozone layer. _-

c) The earth is warmed naturally by the
"greenhouse effect", the trapping of the sun's

heat by the atmosphere.

d) Such activities as the burning up coal and other
fossil fuels don't build up greenhouse gases

in the atmosphere.

e) British scientists are not interested in the change

of the temperature

V.

Exercise 8 Mark the Parts of Speech of the following words and practise the pronunciation:

negotiate, v flood deplete impact negotiation capacity depletion cause fossil damage

VI. Ү

Exercise 6Retelling the text :

 

 

26 11

қң қ: Air pollution

қң қ: қң ө қ ,

ө ү

ң ә

ғ ү ә

ө

қә: ұқ-

қ : ң ң

ө: қ

ә қ : ққ

 

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is Air pollution.

III.ң қ

Exercise 6 Read the text and mark the information which is new to you.

Ecology of Kazakhstan.

Man is a part of nature. This is why his attitude to nature underlies his attitude to himself.

Looking around you what do you see? What do you hear? What do you smell? If you live in city, you probably see many people. You hear the noise of traffic and you smell the pollution from cars and factories.

Pollution spoils our environment in many ways.

Our experience of using nature revealed many unforeseen effect. For example large scale irrigation schemes in Central Asia, greatly increased cotton output . but these irrigation system led to salinization and water logging of old irrigated lands and enormous expenditures on salinity control and drainage.

The technologically backward watering method let to an excessive water intake from Amudarya and Surdarya rivers. We faced with many ecological catastrophes both at home and abroad. The tragedy of the Aral Sea, the problem of Lake Baikal, the Chernobyl accident. No fine could compensate for the damage inflicted on the natural environment. It is vital to preserve the water, the soil and all species of living beings.

The main tasks are to preserve and to continue life on Earth. There is no more time to reflect. It is time to act.

Vocabulary works

Nature

Attitude

Traffic

Smell

Experience

Reveal ,

Unforeseen

Scale ,

IV.қ

Answer to the questions

1. What can we see looking around?

2. How does pollution spoil our environment?

3. Can you give the example of using nature

4. Do you know any ecological catastrophes?

5. Could anything compensate the damage on the natural environment?

6. Is it, vital to preserve the water, the soil and all special of living being, isnt it?

7. What is the main task for us people?

 

V.

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