²ʲв
:
³
ʳ
'
˳
˳
ϳ
'
㳿
Գ
Գ
Գ
Գ


Find out from the text sentences in the Present Simple.

Find out from the text sentences in the Past Simple.

 

VI. Ү

Exercise 6Retelling the text :

 

 

27 11

қң қ: Land pollution

қң қ: өңқ

қң қғ

қ

қә: ұқ-

қ :

ө: қ ,

ә қ :

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is Land pollution

III.

Exercise 1. Read the story. What do you think of AH? Talk to your partner/ class.

5 years ago Ali lost his job in the town of Aral. He was one of the best fishermen. He didn't have much money in the bank. He decided to be a vegetable farmer. He had a small garden. First he studied the soil, then he understood that he had to spend a lot of money on chemical fertilizers. He knew a lot about the levels of pollution in the area. He worked hard and it gave good results. Since that time he has been enjoying his harvests.

Exercise 2. Read the sentences and talk to your partner if the sentences are true.

If the farmer hadn't lost his job he wouldn't have become a vegetable farmer, (in fact^he lost his job and he became a fanner)

If he had told the town akim about his family he would have helped him. (in fact he didn't tell the town akim about his family; he had a big family)

If the farmer had been lazy he would have been very poor. (In fact he wasn't lazy, he didn't become poor)

(Read the Grammar Refrence, Third Conditional)

Exercise 3. Write sentences using the words in brackets or talk to your partner / class.

If the vegetable farmer (have a lot of money in the bank, this/him/ wor
ried). If the vegetable farmer had hada lot of money in the bank this wouldn't
have worried him.(worry [wAn] v )

a) If he (lose) his job, he / not/ become a vegetable farmer

b) If the soil (be polluted) he (not/spend) a lot of money on chemical fertilizers

c) If he (not work) hard he (not enjoy) the harvests.

d) If he (be lazy) he (not/be) one of the best fishermen.

Exercise 4. Talk to your partner/class.

1. What would you have done ifyou had been the farmer ?

2. Would you have become a vegetable farmer if you had been the farmer?

3. Would you have studied the soil if you had been the vegetable farmer ?

4. Would you have spent a lot of money on chemical fertilizers if you had been the farmer?

5. Would you have gone to a big city if you had been a vegetable farmer?

5. Talk to your partner.

Imagine your friend wanted to get the job of a translator but he failed the exam. You should give a piece of advice.

 

IV. Ү

Exercise 6 :

 

28 11

қң қ: Land pollution

қң қ: қң ө қ ,

ө ү

ң ә

ғ ү ә

ө

қә: ұқ-

қ : ң ң

ө: қ

ә қ : ққ

 

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is Land pollution.

III.ң қ

Vocabulary works

2. conservation

3. habitat

4. hazardous

5. cope (with)

6. evade

7. dispose

10. Read and mark the information which is new to you. (If there are new words see the key).

Britain is protecting the environment on land in many ways for example by encouraging wildlife conservation and good forestry. It supports international agreements to protect wildlife and their habitats.

Hazardous wastes can also pose major environment problems, since many developing countries do not have the technical capabilities to cope properly with these wastes. Britain is helping such countries to deal with hazardous waste. For example, in 1998 it sent three experts to Nigeria to help assess a toxic waste dump, and supplied protective clothing to help the local authorities to clean the area up. Britain believes that all developed countries should become self sufficient in disposing of their own waste.

The world's tropical forests are being destroyed at a rapid rate. Deforestation can have a serious effect on the local and global environment in several ways, including:

Putting back large amounts of C02 into the atmosphere when forests are burned;

Affecting watersheds and increasing the chance of major floods;

Affecting the lifestyle of forest peoples;

Destroying habitats for forest species of plants and animals; and allowing the topsoil to be eroded.

Timber is an important source of export earnings for many developing countries, but it is important that their forests are managed in a sustainable way. Britain is therefore increasing the amount of support it gives to tropical forestry.

IV.қ

9. Complete the chart and mark the stress.

 

Noun Verb Adjective
encouragement    
conserve  
  hazardous
  dispose
0  

V.

Find out from the text sentences in the Present Simple.

Find out from the text sentences in the Past Simple.

VI. Ү

Exercise 10Retelling the text :

29 11

қң қ: Water

қң қ: қң ө қ ,

ө ү

ң ә

ғ ү ә

ө

қә: ұқ-

қ : ң ң

ө: қ

ә қ : ққ

 

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is water.

III.ң қ

Vocabulary works

accordance with

incorporate v

conserve v

auspices n

agree v

require

4. Read the text and correct thecomprehension check

Britain protects the seas around its coasts from pollution.

The series of North Sea Conferences is an environmental forum for the nations which border onto the North Sea. Each meeting agrees steps further to protect the North Sea. The third meeting of the Conference took place in March 1990. There Britain announced several new initiatives to reduce inputs into the sea.

Sea dumping of waste and pollution are carried out in accordance with international agreements. Those relating directly to operational discharges from shipping are drawn up under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a UN agency based in London. The requirements of such agreements are incorporated into British law.

IV.қ

T F

a) Britain Protect the seas around their coasts from pollution.

Britain wants to protect the North Sea.

The series of North Sea Conferences is an environmental forum for the nations which border

on to the North Sea including Britain.

Sea dumping of waste and pollution are carried out in accordance with the international agreements.

5. A UN agency is based in London.

6. The requirements of those agreements are incorporated into British law.

V.

. Talk to your partner /class. Predict.

Do we need water?

How much water do you drink a day?

Do plants need water?

Do animals need water?

Can sea animals live without water?

Can we live without water?

Is water polluted in our country?

What do you know about other countries?

Should or shouldn't we protect the environment?

How should we protect sea water ?

 

VI. Ү

Exercise 4Retelling the text :

30 11

қң қ: Water

қң қ: қң ө қ ,

қ ә

ө

қә: ұқ-

қ :

ө: қ

ә қ :

 

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is water.

III.

Exercise 4 a) Talk to your partner /class.

Should or shouldn't we protect wildlife ?

Should or shouldn't we conserve wildlife ?

Should we protect and conserve dolphins ?

Should we protect and conserve fish especially red fish ?

Should we protect and conserve sea animals ?

Why should we protect wildlife ?

Why should we protect fish, dolphins ?

Have you ever seen fish dying/dead fish ?

Were you interested in it ?

How should we protect wildlife?

What should we protect first ?

Exercise 5. Talk to your partner/ class.(Refresh your knowledge of First Conditional)

What will happento the world if fish die?

What will happento the world if dolphins disappear?

What will happento the wildlife if we don'tprotect and conserve it?

What will happento sea animals if we don'tprotect and preserve sea/water?

Read the text and mark the information which is new to you.(If there are new words see the key.)

Oil Pollution

Control marine pollution lays down very strict discharge standards for oil. It obliges tanker ships to keep dirty ballast residues aboard in a separate tank for discharge at special port facilities. These requirements are incorporated into British law. All ships in British waters must obey these laws.

Britain is also taking measures to protect the North Sea from pollution from the offshore oil industry.

In order to deal with pollution incidents in British waters, the Marine, Pollution Control Unit operates special aircrafts. Seven planes are fitted to spray dispersants and two other planes are used to detect oil slicks at sea. They also fly regular patrols over British shipping lanes and offshore oil platforms to detect and deter illegal discharges.

Exercise 9. Complete the table andmark the stress. Practise the pronunciation.

Noun Verb Adjective
  obey accumulate identify  
   
   
approval facility  
   
   

 

VI. Ү

Exercise 12Retelling the text :

33 11

қң қ: The Power.

қң қ: қңҰ ң

ң ә

ҳ қ қ құ ә

қ қ

қә: ұқ-

қ : ң ң

ө:

ә қ : ққ

 

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is The Power.

III.ң қ

Vocabulary works

Exercise 2. Match the Kazakh words with the English word and practise the translation.

1. enormous , sign , influence , coach, divide , local, average, debate ,hereditary , civil, support

Exercise 4. Read the texts below and find the answers to the questions given above.

© 2013 wikipage.com.ua - wikipage.com.ua |