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The British Parliament and Her Majesty's Government

The Queen

Until the seventeenth century, kings and queens of England had enormous political power. But now the Queen is the only Head of State in a ceremonial sense. She signs new laws and sees the Prime Minister every week, but has no direct political influence.

One of her most important official functions is the State Opening of Parliament. In this traditional ceremony, the Queen rides in a gold coach from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of Parliament. There she opens the new session of Parliament each year and reads a speech. But the Queen doesn't write the speech. It's written by the government ministers and only it's read aloud by her.

Parliament

Britain's Parliament is divided into two houses. Both of these are in the Palace of Westminister in London. The House of Commons is for elected members of Parliament. The House of Lords is for non-elected members.

The House of Commons

Every five years in Britain, there is a general election. Voters choose members of Parliament (or MPs as they're known) from local areas. On average, there are between 600-700 MP's in Westminister. The Commons debates new laws. These 'bills', as they're called, don't become laws or'acts' until the House of Lords and the Queen have accepted them. In theory, the House of Lords can refuse to pass a bill, but in practice this hardly ever happens.

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Exercise 5.Read the diagram and mark the information which is new to you: Talk to your partner then to your class.

V.

Exercise 6.Read the text (exercise 4) again and correct the statements:

T F

1. The British Parliament is in 10 Downing Street.

2. The House of Commons makes the laws.

3. The People in the House of Commons are

Members of Parliament (MPs).

VI. Ү

Exercise 4Retelling the text :

 

35 11

қң қ: The Power.

қң қ: қңҰ ң

The Power қ қң

ҳ қ қ құ ә

қ қ

қә: ұқ-

қ :

ө:

ә қ : ққ

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is The Power.

III .

10. Read the text and mark the information which is new to you.

The British Constitution

The UK does not have a written constitution. This doesn't mean, however, that Britain does not have a formal and controlled system of government.

Citizens' rights are made up from a combination of: common law, statutes, conventions

The Constitution has three branches:

Legislature - Parliament which consists of Her Majesty (HM) the Queen, the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

Executive - The Government: Prime Minister, Cabinet ministers, junior ministers.

Judiciary - the legal system of courts, judges and lawyers.

In short, Parliament makes laws: the government executes laws, i.e. puts them into effect: law courts interpret laws.

Her Majesty the Queen is the head of all three branches: head of the executive, head of the judiciary and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces and Supreme Governor of the Church of England. Today the monarch's political role is largely ceremonial, with the Queen acting on the advice of her ministers.

11. Correct the false statements.

Comprehension check

a) The British Constitution is not set out in any single

document.

b) Though the UK doesn't have a written Constitution

important constitutional documents do exist.

c) The Constitution has branches: Parliament, which
makes laws, the government, which puts laws

into effect and the law courts which interpret laws.

d) Her Majesty the Queen is the head of the three

branches.

e) Citizens' rights are made up from a combination of:

common Law, statutes and conventions

14. Read the story and finish it

A story by a detective

So, one foggy November night, Mr.X, wearing a long overcoat, walked along a back street in Liverpool with a box under his arm. He came to a house, put his box down on the ground, and knocked at the door. When a man opened the door, MrX. picked up the box and gave it to him. The man in the house nodded, took the box, and closed the door. Mr. X. walked away.

Two days later, Mr. X. read in the newspaper that a dead body had been found in a Liverpool park with its left arm missing and he was extremely shocked

IV . Ү

Exercise 14Retelling the text :

36 11

қң қ: The Power.

қң қ: қңҰ

ң

ң ә

ҳ қ қ

құ ә

қ қ

қә: ұқ-

қ : ң ң

ө:

ә қ : ққ

 

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is The Power.

III.ң қ

Vocabulary works

1. supreme adj

2. judicial adj

3. stability n

4. lawmaker n

Read the diagram and the texts and And the answers to the questions given above

The Constitution

The Constitution of the United States is the central instrument of American government and the supreme law of the land. For 200 years, it has provided a basis for political stability, individual freedom, economic growth and social progress. The American Constitution is the world's oldest written constitution, one that has served as the model for a number of other constitutions around the world.

The Legislative Branch

The legislative branch consists of a congress that is divided into two groups called "houses".

The House of Representatives is made up of lawmakers who serve two-year terms.

The Senate is made up of lawmakers who serve six-year terms.

IV.қ

Talk to your partner / class

Who makes laws in the U.S.A.?

What do you know about the Constitution of the U.S.A.?

What are the main political parties in the U.S.A.?

What do you know about the Executive, Legislative, Judicial branches of the United States Government?

Exercise 3 complete the chart and mark the stress. Practice the pronunciation

V.

 

Write essay about the United States of America

VI. Ү

Exercise 4Retelling the text

:

 

 

39 11

қң қ: The Power. ( continuation)

қң қ: қң ө қ

, Ққ

ө ү

қ ә

қ қ

қә: ұқ-

қ : ң ң

ө:

ә қ : ққ

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is The Power.

III.ң қ

Vocabulary works

General provisions, secular, legal, public concord, stability, for the benefit, unitary state, appropriation of power, unify, diversity, affair, anthem

Exercise 4 Read the text and correct the statements below

The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan

We, the people of Kazakhstan, united by a common historic fate, creating a state on the indigenous Kazakh land, considering ourselves a peace-loving and civil society, dedicated to the ideals of freedom, equality and concord, wishing to take a worthy place in the world community realizing our high responsibility before the present and future generations, proceeding from our sovereign right, accept this Constitution.

Section I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

1. The Republic of Kazakhstan proclaims itself a democratic, secular, legal and social state whose highest values are an individual, his life, rights and freedoms.

2. The fundamental principles of the activity of the Republic are public concord and political stability; economic development for the benefit of the nation.

Article 2

1. The Republic of Kazakhstan is a state with a presidential form of government.

2. The sovereignty of the Republic extends to its entire territory.

3. The administrative and territorial division of the Republic of Kazakhstan, location and states of its capital are determined by law.

4. The names "Republic of Kazakhstan" and "Kazakhstan" have the same meaning.

IV.қ

Exercise 5. Comprehension check

a) The Republic of Kazakhstan proclaims itself a democratic, secular, legal and social state

b) Public corcord and political stability and economic development for the benefit of the nation are the fundamental principles

V.

Answer to the questions

What political parties of Kazakhstan do you know ?

Who might be elected to the Parliament in Kazakhstan ?

What are the members of the Parliament (Mp) responsible for?

Do they receive salaries ?

VI. Ү

Exercise 4

:

40 11

қң қ: The Power. ( continuation)

қң қ: The Power. ( continuation) қ

қң

қ ә

қ қ

қә: ұқ-

қ :

ө:

ә қ : ққ

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is The Power.

III.

Exercise 8. Read the text and complete the chart below.

1. The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be the head of state.

2. The President of the Republic shall be the symbol and guarantor of the unity of the people and the state power, inviolability of the Constitution, rights and freedoms of an individual and citizen.

Article 41

1. The President of the Republic shall be elected by universal, equal and direct suffrage under a secret ballot for a seven-year term in accordance with the Constitutional Law by the citizens of the Republic who have come of age.

2. A citizen of the Republic shall be eligible for the office of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan if he is by birth not younger than forty and has a perfect command of the state language and has lived in Kazakhstan for not less than fifteen years.

3. Regular elections of the President of the Republic shall be held on the first Sunday of December and shall not coincide with the election of a new Parliament of the Republic.

4. The candidate who receives more than 50 percent of the votes of the constituents that took part in the election shall be deemed elected. If none of the candidates receives above mentioned the numbers of votes, a second round of elections shall be held between the two candidates who obtained largest number of votes. The candidate who receives the larger number of votes of the constituents who takes part in the second round of elections shall be deemed elected.

5. Read the diagram and add some more.

11. Project work: Choose one.

1. Collect information about the Parliament in Kazakhstan and prepare a poster / or write about it.

2. Collect information about the functions of the Parliament and prepare a poster / or write about it

3. Collect information about the meetings of the Parliament and prepare a poster / write about it

4. Collect information about the Senate and the Majilis and prepare a poster or write about them.

 

 

IV. Ү

Exercise 13

:

 

41 11

қң қ: Making laws

қң қ: қң ө қ

, ң ә ұ

қ ә

қ қ

қә: ұқ-

қ : ң ң

ө:

ә қ : ққ

қ :

I. Ұ

)

) қ

II. қң қ, қ .

Our theme in our lesson is Making laws.

III.ң қ

Exercise 2 Read some more about making laws

Making New Laws:

The functions of Parliament are: making laws, providing money for the government through taxation; examining government policy, administration and spending; debating political questions.

Every year Parliament passes about a hundred laws directly, by making Acts of Parliament. Because this can be a long process, Parliament sometimes passes a very general law and leaves a minister to fill in the details. In this way, it indirectly passes about 2,000 additional rules and regulations.

No new law can be passed unless it has completed a number of stages in the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The monarch also has to give a Bill the Royal Assent, which is now just a formality! Since 1707 no sovereign has refused a Bill.

Talk to your partner /class

How many laws does Parliament pass every year?

What are the functions of Parliament?

Do you know the process of making a law in Britain ?

IV.қ

Exercise 4. Write out the phrases with the word "Bill" from the text

Exercise 5. Read the chart and underline the words which you don't know.

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