The Fighting Temeraire, William Turner, 1839, Romanticism

The Sea. The Crimea. Arkhip Kuindzhi, 1898 1908, Realism

Fishermen on coast of sea, Ivan Aivazovsky, 1852, Romanticism

Near Crimean Coast, Ivan Aivazovsky, 1890, Romanticism

The Ninth Wave, Ivan Aivazovsky, 1850, Romanticism


b. Lines, brushstrokes, texture:

- Look at the pictures and answer the questions:

Are the lines straight or curving? - They are . . .




Are the brushstrokes long, short, broad, loose, fine, or blended? - They are . . .

(HINT: If you can see the brushstrokes clearly they are probably long, if you cant see any they are probably short. There can be a mixture)




Is the texture rough, smooth, glossy, shiny, layered, crinkled, soft, fluffy, bumpy? - It is . . .

Fine -

Layered -

Crinkled - , ,

Fluffy - , ,

Bumpy -

C. Types of picture

- Look at the list of the types of picture and try to imagine how to create them.


Oil painting







- Read and complete the definitions of different types of picture, open the brackets, use the past participle, where necessary.

1. painting is a picture ____________ using paint (make, made, made)

2. oil paintingis a picture, ____________using a special type of paint ________with oil (do, did, done/ make, made, made)

3. drawing is a picture _____________ with pencils or pens (draw, drew, drawn)

4. photographer ____________ a picture using a camera (make, made, made)

5. mosaic is a picture ____________ using very small pieces of glass or stone (make, made, made)

6. collage isa picture made by sticking paper, cloth, or other pictures onto a surface (make, made, made)

7. sculptors___________ the works of art of materials such as stone, metal, or wood (make, made, made)

8. watercolour isa picture ___________using a special type of paint that is mixed with water, so the colours are pale (paint, painted, painted)


d. Genres:

- In order to speak about art we need some specific vocabulary. Study the word-rose.


still life



genre picture


battle piece



1. 2. 3.
4. 5.
7. 8. 9.
a) still life, b) landscape, c) seascape, d) flower piece, e) history painting, f) genre picture, g) battle piece, h) animal painting, i) portrait .

- Match the names of styles with the pictures.



e. Styles:

- Speaking about art we have to recollect the styles of art. Say what styles you know. If you dont remember some of them the exercise below can help you.

- Unscramble the words (match)
















- Guess what style it is. Consult the table below.

1. Its the art that doesnt represent recognizable objects.

2. It promotes accurate, detailed depiction of nature or contemporary life. It rejects imaginative idealization in favour of close observation.

3. Its the conception of art as imitation of nature. Its subject included landscapes, tress, houses, street scenes. The artists paid attention to effects of light and movement.

4. The key concept of this style is that essence of the object can only be shown from different points of view at once. Its works reject perspective in favour of geometric forms.

5. The art in which common objects (such as comic strips, soup cans, road signs, and hamburgers) were used as subject matter.



1. Abstract

2. Realism

3. Impressionism

4. Cubism

5. Pop Art


Abstract ˈæbstrækt Abstract artists felt that paintings did not have to show only things that were recognizable. In their paintings they did not try to show people, animals, or places exactly as they appeared in the real world. They mainly used colour and shape in their paintings to show emotion Pablo Picasso Henri Matisse
Cubism ˈkjuːbɪzəm Cubism is modern art made up mostly of paintings. The paintings are not supposed to look real The artist uses geometric shapes to show what he is trying to paint. Pablo Picasso Oleksander Bohomazov
Expressionism ɪkˈspreʃənɪzəm In Expressionist Art, the artist tries to express certain feelings about some thing. The artists that painted in this style were more concerned with having their paintings express a feeling than in making the painting look exactly like what they were painting. Alexis Gritchenko Francis Bacon
Impressionism ɪmˈpreʃənɪzəm These pieces of art were painted as if someone just took a quick look at the subject of the painting. The paintings were usually in bold colours and did not have a lot of detail. The paintings in this style were usually outdoor scenes like landscapes. The pictures were painted to look like they were shimmering. Claude Monet Petro Kholodny
Pop Art pɒp ɑːt Pop art can be any every day item that is drawn in a brash and colourful way. Pop Art is short for Popular Art. It is inspired by comic strips, advertising, and popular entertainment. Andy Warhol David Hockney
Primitivism ˈprɪmɪtɪvɪzəm Primitive Art looks like art that is done by a child. Usually the picture is painted very simply, and the subjects are "flat", or two-dimensional. Paul Klee Henri Matisse Paul Gauguin
Realism ˈriːəlɪzəm Realism is a type of art that shows things exactly as they appear in life. It began in the 18th century, but the greatest Realist era was in the mid-19th century. Most Realists were from France, but there were some famous American painters who were Realists also. Leonardo da Vinci  
Surrealism səˈriːəlɪzəm Surrealist paintings were generally based on dreams. Their paintings were filled with familiar objects which were painted to look strange or mysterious. They hoped their odd paintings would make people look at things in a different way and change the way they felt about things. Salvador Dali  

- Match the styles and the pictures

Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, 1503 - 1517       Water Lilies, Claude Monet, 1917       Tahitian Women, Paul Gauguin, 1891  
1. 2. 3.
The Flowing Hair, Henri Matisse, 1952     Irises,Van Gogh, 1889         Portrait, Pablo Picasso, 1907 -1921  
4. 5. 6.
  Abstract Cubism Expressionism Impressionism Primitivism Realism  

Picture description

A. Reading.

- We have done a lot of exercises to revise and learn vocabulary and grammar structures for picture description.And now look at the screen, please! Do you know this art work? Yes, of course, you know it! This is a picture- icon of Godmothers! Does anybody know about these masterpiece? We see Mother of God in our Churches and Cathedrals.



- Read the description of the mosaic the Virgin Orans and refer each paragraph to its heading.

1.___________The name of the image is - The Virgin Orans, Oranta. The author is unknown. It dates from the 11-th century.

2. __________The Virgin Orans, Oranta is the icon, the 6-meter-high mosaic in the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev.

3. ___________ It is a well-known Orthodox Christian depiction of the Virgin Mary in prayer with extended arms. In this picture I can see the Virgin's solemn and static posture in the foreground. The image is considered as one of the greatest sacred symbols in Ukraine, defending the people of the country. The embroidered handkerchief on the belt of the Mother of God is for wiping away the tears of those who come before her with their problems and concerns.

4. __________The focal point is the Virgins face, because your eye is drawn to it first. It shines with love and hope, that is why it stands out.

5. __________The mosaic is made of smalt - glass alloy in the form of small cubes, painted in different colours. Every separate smalt is given a different angle, this trick changes the direction of light rays, reflected at different angles. Gold background is laid out with different transparent glass cubes, covered with the finest leaves of gold.

6. __________The artist has probably taken his time because there is a lot of details in the image.

7. _________The picture is very bright. You can notice the impressive richness of colour shades. The main colours are contrasting: hot gold and deep blue. There are 25 tints of gold and 21shades of blue.

8. __________The icon is full of light and shine

9. __________The texture is shiny and bumpy.

10. __________The image makes me feel joyful, loving and safe, because legend says that as long as the Virgin is extending Her arms over Kiev, the city will stand indestructible.


Alloy [əˈlɔɪ]

Smalt [sm ɔːlt]


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