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Medical Education in Great Britain

In Great Britain physicians are trained in medical schools or faculties of universities.

To enter a medical school in Great Britain the candidates must pass entrance examinations in oral form. Tuition is charged. Most students receive financial assistance in the form of grants.

The academic year is divided into 3 terms each of 10-11-week duration.

Two pre-clinical years are occupied by Human Anatomy, Biology, Physiology, Biochemistry and other subjects.

Students attend lectures, do dissections and practical work in labs.

Beginning from the third year, students study the methods of clinical examinations and history taking; they have practical training in teaching hospitals. Besides the work in the wards the students attend lectures and study clinical subjects.

After passing the finals the students are given the degree of Bachelor of Medicine (B.M.) or Bachelor of Surgery (B.S.). Besides these degrees there is the degree of Doctor of Medicine (D.M.). This degree is a post graduate qualification obtained by a thesis.

Exercises

1. , , .

2. .

1. Where are doctors trained in G.B.?

2. What examinations is it necessary to pass?

3. Is education in G.B. charged?

4. How many terms has the academic year?

5. What subjects do the students study?

6. What degrees are given to students in G.B. after passing the finals?

3. , .

Dialogue

1. . .

1. Question: Look, I told my parents that Id like to become a doctor. They advised me to go to Russia. Medical education in Great Britain costs a lot of money. And what about your country?

1. Answer: .

2. Question: What subjects shall we study in the first two years?

2. Answer: .

3. Question: What about the clinical subjects?

3. Answer: .

4. Question: Shall we take examinations every year?

4. Answer: .

5. Question: Where do the students have medical practice?

5. Answer: .

6. Question: When shall we begin our specialization?

6. Answer: .

7. Question: When do the graduates receive their diploma?

7. Answer: .

8. Question: Where do foreign students live?

8. Answer: .

1. .

2. .

3. .

4. ( ).

5. .

6. .

4.

TRAVELLING

1. :


  1. ancient
  2. art
  3. nothing
  4. bath
  5. hour
  6. through
  7. luggage
  8. quickly
  9. advantage
  10. berth
  11. picturesque
  12. that is why

2. . :

1. ancient towns

2. means of transport

3. as quickly as possible

4. to book in advan

5. single ticket

6. return ticket

7. to go through the Customs

8. to fasten seat belts

9. advantage

10. It's not boring

11. upper berth

12. gate

13. checking-in

14. you are required

15. to announce

16. delay on the flight

17. to see off

18. long distance train

19. compartment

20. carriage

21. to get out

22. to carry luggage

23.to change the train

3. . :

TRAVELLING

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other countries, modern cities or the ruins of ancient towns.

Some people like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, other people prefer a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains.

There are various means of transport. If you want to get somewhere as quickly as possible, the best way is to travel by plane. It gives you comfort and saves your time. It's better to book tickets in advance. You may book a single, return or open return ticket. When booking a ticket you should mention what class you are going to travel: first, business or economy class. Keep in mind, you have to come to the airport one and a half hour before the flight. Before boarding the plane you should check-in (register) your luggage at a check-in desk. Here you are required to have your luggage weighed and a clerk attaches a special tag to it. There is no need to worry about your luggage any longer.

Then you must go through the security check, passport and Customs control (when you go abroad). Now you may go to the gate, where your flight is boarding.

It often happens that a delay on a flight is announced. In this case you have to wait till you hear the announcement that your flight is boarding.

When the plane is taking off, the passengers fasten their seat belts and listen to the information about the flight. An air-hostess (stewardess) offers you mineral water, juice, or something to eat. You may look down on the earth. Its like a geographical map. The time passes quickly. The plane usually arrives at the airport on time.

Travelling by railway is slower than by plane but it has its advantages. You can see the countryside around you, read books or magazines, play chess or cards. It's not boring if you have good companions in the compartment. I'm fond of travelling by fast long-distance train. It has got a lot of carriages, a dining-car, and a luggage van. I prefer an upper berth. When the train goes out, I say Good bye to my friends and relatives who usually come to see me off. When the train comes in, I get out and ask the porter to carry my luggage. Im not tired after a long journey by train.

Travelling by car and hitch-hiking are the cheapest and most popular ways of travelling.

As for me I like to spend my days off in the country, closer to nature. I can drive a car and enjoy picturesque places with forests, lakes and rivers. I am fond of fishing and hunting thats why I walk a lot. In summer we often go camping. I think it is a very useful thing for my health.

Exercises

1. .

1. Do many people spend their holidays travelling?

2. What means of transport do you know?

3. Do you often go camping?

4. To what places do you usually go?

5. Have you ever travelled by air?

6. What are the advantages of travelling by plane?

7. When did you travel by train?

8. Do you prefer a lower or an upper berth in the compartment?

9.Was your last journey pleasant?

2. , , :

1. My friend is fond of hiking. (who)

2. He often goes camping in spring and summer. (when)

3. Last year during my winter vacation I travelled by train. (when, how)

4. I look forward to seeing many interesting places. (who, what)

5. We had an opportunity to visit many interesting places last year. (who, what)

6.We spent five days in Riga. (how many)

3. :

1. You may take a single, return or ticket.

2. You may travel by or economy class.

3. Before boarding the plane you are required your luggage at a desk.

4. There is no need about your luggage.

5. is the cheapest way of travelling.

6. Some people prefer to take berth.

7. I am fond of and .

8. I can drive .

9. I think is a very useful thing for peoples health.

10. The plane usually arrives at the airport .

1. . :

1. cockney ()

2. darkness

3. slap ,

4. to emerge

5. a bleeding nose

6. a swollen eye

7. to hit

8. to play a trick -

9.the back of the hand

2. . .

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