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Тема 9. Керамічна промисловість.

Розвиток керамічної промисловості

Мета: навчити студентів правильно використовувати нову професійну лексику; розвивати логічне мислення; виховувати культуру мовлення.

Обладнання: малюнки до теми, роздруківки текстів для читання та завдань, словники.

Час проведення: 2 год.

План заняття

І Організаційний момент. Привітання.

ІІ Вивчення нового матеріалу.

Читання тексту “Ceramic Industries” з підручника В.Е. Коваленко «English»

Ex 1 Pronounce the following words

material

property

undergo

composition

condition

accompany

colour

fundamental

important

magcic

quantitatively

relationship

external

concept

molecule

equal

among

hydrogen

Ex. 2. Завершіть речення як у зразку. Використовуйте the Past Indefinite Tense:

Model: He studies organic chemistry but last year he studied inorganic chemistry,

1. The students come to the Institute at 9 but last year they ... at half past nine. 2. She carries experiments herself but some time ago she ... them under the teacher's supervision. 3. He works at the Research Institute but two years ago he ... at the plant. 4. They speak English rather well but last year they ... poorly.

Ex. 3. Відкрийте дужки, ставлячи дієслова у правильну часову форму:

 

1. Last year he (to deal with) quantitative analysis. 2. Eve­ry day she (to attend) lectures on chemistry. 3. Two years 2ago he (to study) the problems of the crystal structure. 4. Yes­terday they (not work) in the laboratory as there was no electricity. 5. He (to pass) his exams well, and now he (to rest). 6. They (to get) good results, which helped them in their work. 7. Many students (to graduate from) the Institute last year. 8. When they (to heat) water to 100°C it (to begin) to boil. 9. She (not take part) in this research work as she (to be ill) at that time. 10. Next year he (to graduate) from the Institute and (leave) Moscow for his native town. 11. She (to work) in the field of nuclear physics next year. 12. They (to use) this new device in their work soon.

Ex. 4 Поставте дієслова у 3 особі однини:

to teach, (she, he) ...; to undergo, (it) ...; to study, (he, she) ...; to change, (it) ...; to get, (he, she) ...; to introduce, (she) ....

 

Еx.4 . Перекладіть речення українською мовою

 

1. They study organic processes and inorganic ones. 2. Anyone can take part in this work. 3. This method is simpler than that one. 4. No one has ever observed this phenomenon. 5. One must know all the properties of this substance. 6. Sodium is the only one of the alkali metals which is used industrially in large quantities. 7. No one could state the definite properties of this substance. 8. One may expect that this substance dissolves easily in water. 9. Only one out of 100 million atoms of radium decomposes per second. 10. At one time the chemists took the weight of the hydrogen atom as the unit. 11. Hydrogen consists of particles, each one is made up of 2 hydrogen atoms.

Прочитайте текст перекладіть українською мовою

Домашнє завдання : переказувати текст“Ceramic Industries”

Тема 10: Цегла

Мета: удосконалювати навички студентів правильно використовувати нову професійну лексику; розвивати логічне мислення; виховувати культуру мовлення. Формувати граматичні навички вживання пасивного стану.

Обладнання: малюнки до теми, роздруківки текстів для читання та завдань, словники.

Час проведення: 2 год.

План заняття

І Організаційний момент. Привітання

ІІ. Читання тексту “Brick” з підручника В.Е. Коваленко «English»

PASSIVE VOICE

1.The use of the Passive Voice

The Passive Voice can be used : a) without the doer of the action being mentioned (the doer is either unknown or unimportant)

e.g. The telegram was sent yesterday. (Телеграму відправлено вчора.)

b) with the doer of the action being mentioned. This occurs only when the doer of the

action is to some extent emphasized. The noun or pronoun denoting the doer of the action is introduced by the preposition by.

e.g. This beautiful poem was written by Taras Shevchenko. (Цей чудовий вірш

був написаний Тарасом Шевченком.)

2.The formation of the Passive Voice.

The Passive Voice is formed by means of the auxiliary verb to be in the required

form and Participle II of the notional verb.

Indefinite Tenses

The Present Indefinite, the Past Indefinite and Future Indefinite Passive are

formed by means of the Present Indefinite, the Past Indefinite or the Future Indefinite

of the auxiliary verb to be and Participle II of the notional verb.

The Present, Past and Future Indefinite Tenses in the Passive Voice as well as

in the Active Voice express a single, permanent or repeated action in present, past or future.

 

EXERCISES

1.Translate into Ukrainian.

1.Many books are published in Ukraine. 2.The machines are tested by the police.

3.The car is serviced at the garage down the road. 4.These gates aren’t painted every

day. 5.A picnic is arranged once a month by our club. 6.I’m not invited to my uncle’s

every weekend. 7.Are you invited to Bill’s for tennis every Saturday? 8.Your pets are

fed twice a day, aren’t they? 9.My bike was stolen last weekend. 10.The book was

finished yesterday. 11.The programme will be broadcasted tomorrow night. 12.Will

my room be cleaned tomorrow? 13.Why wasn’t the work done yesterday? 14.When was Kyiv University founded? 15.When was your book published? 16.The exhibition will be opened next month.

2. Supply the missing auxiliary or modal verb.

1.The telegram . . . sent at five o’clock yesterday. 2.I am sure, a lot of questions . . .

be asked when he finishes speaking. 3.The shops . . . opened at 3 o’clock in the

morning. 4.When .. . this road made? 5.It’s very cold. You . . . be warmly dressed.

6.This report . . . be sent at once.7.This work is easy. It . . . be done by a child, if you

ask me. 8.The doctor . . . called early in the morning. 9.These questions won’t . . .

raised at tomorrow’s meeting. 10.The book . . . be enjoyed by a person of any age.

11.All his documents . . . lost during the war.12.The traffic rules . . . be always

followed.

 

3.Make the following sentences interrogative and negative.

1.Bread is eaten every day. 2.The letter was received yesterday. 3.Nick will be sent to

Kyiv tomorrow. 4.I was asked at the lesson yesterday. 5.These trees were planted last

autumn. 6.Hockey is played in winter. 7.His new book will be finished in two

months. 8.Many houses were burnt during the Great Fire of London. 9.Flowers are

sold in shops and in the streets. 10.Your luggage will be brought up in the lift.

 

4. Ask the questions indicated in the brackets.

1.Such books are sold in special shops.(In what shops?) 2.These magazines must be

returned in an hour.(When?) 3.The picture was spoilt by fire. (How?) 4.This work can

be done in two days. (In how many days?) 5.The money will be spent on food (On

what?) 6.Such questions are often raised by students. (By whom?) 7.Hot meals are

served in this restaurant till 10 p.m. (Till what time?) 8.Umbrellas and coats must be

left in the cloakroom. (What?)

 

5.Write sentences from the given words.

1.the office / clean / every / day – The office is cleaned every day.

2.these rooms / clean / every day ?

3.glass / make / from sand

4.this room / not / use / very often

5.the office / clean / yesterday

6.three people / injure / in the accident / last night

7.when / this bridge / build?

8.how / these windows / break?

 

6. Answer the following questions according to the model

M O D E L : Aren’t you going to send him a letter? (tomorrow)

It will be sent tomorrow.

1.Aren’t you going to paint your country house this year? (only last year) 2.Aren’t

you going to raise this question? (at the next meeting) 3.Aren’t you going to call a

doctor? (early in the morning) 4.Aren’t you going to throw away the old newspapers?

(at the end of the year) 5.Aren’t you going to prepare his room for his arrival?

(yesterday) 6.When are you going to decide this question? (after the examination)

7.Open the brackets using the correct form in the Passive Voice

1.This book (write) many years ago, but it still (read) with great interest. 2.By whom

this film (make)? 3.This house (paint) two years ago, I don’t know when it (paint)

again. 4.What factory (show) to the visitors tomorrow? 5.Library books must not

(keep) longer than fortnight. 6.These facts (not mention) in this report.

 

Домашнє завдання : переказувати текст “Brick”

 

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