Військова наука
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Тема 11. Фарфорові та гончарні вироби

Мета: удосконалювати навички студентів правильно використовувати нову професійну лексику; розвивати логічне мислення; виховувати культуру мовлення. Удосконалювати граматичні навички вживання пасивного стану.

Обладнання: малюнки до теми, роздруківки текстів для читання та завдань, словники.

Час проведення: 2 год.

План заняття

І Організаційний момент. Привітання

ІІ. Читання тексту “Сhinaware and Stoneware” з підручника В.Е. Коваленко «English»

ІІІ.Виконання граматичних вправ.

EXERCISE 1Complete the sentences using the given words as in the model:

Model hear

The music at the party was very loud and __________ from far away.

The music at the party was very loud and WAS HEARD from far away.

Arrest, wake, knock, check translate, find, drive, make, spend carry.

1. A decision will not _______________ until the next meeting.

2. That old building was dangerous. So it ___________ down.

3. When you go through customs, you luggage ___________ by the customs officer.

4. In the morning I _____________ by my alarm clock.

5. Next year her new book ______________ into a number of foreign languages.

6. John kicked a policeman, so he ____________.

7. After a long search the missing boy _____________ in the forest near the town.

8. Many people think that today too much money ________________ on arms. (arms - зд. оружие.)

9. The injured man couldn't walk, so he _____________ by the hospital orderlies.

10. I don't mind driving but I like when I _______________ by other people.

EXERCISE 2. Open the brackets using the verbs in Present , Past or Future Simple Passive .

1. Bread (to eat) every day. 2. The letter (to receive) yesterday. 3. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 4. I (to ask) at the lesson yesterday. 5.1 (to give) a very interesting book at the library last Friday. 6. Many houses (to build) in our town every year. 7. This work (to do) tomorrow. 8. This text (to translate) at the last lesson. 9. These trees (to plant) last autumn. 10. Many interesting games always (to play) at our PT lessons. 11. This bone (to give) to my dog tomorrow. 12. We (to invite) to a concert last Saturday. 13. My question (to answer) yesterday. 14. Hockey (to play) in winter. 15. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn. 16. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London. 17. His new book (to finish) next year. 18. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets. 19. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703.

EXERCISE 3. Open the brackets using the correct tense form

1. The porter will (bring, be brought) your luggage to your room. 2. Your luggage will (bring, be brought) up in the lift. 3. You may (leave, be left) your hat and coat in the cloak-room downstairs. 4. They can (leave, be left) the key with the clerk downstairs. 5. From the station they will (take, be taken) straight to the hotel. 6. Tomorrow he will (take, be taken) them to the Russian Museum. 7. At the station they will (meet, be met) by a man from the travel bureau. 8. She will (meet, be met) them in the hall upstairs.

EXERCISE 4Turn the following into the Passive Voice.

E.g. We often speak about her. — She is often spoken about.

1. We thought about our friend all the time. 2. The doctor will operate on him in a week. 3. The teacher sent for the pupil's parents. 4. They looked for the newspaper everywhere. 5. Nobody slept in the bed. 6. The neighbour asked for the telegram. 7. Everybody listened to the lecturer with great attention. 8. The senior students laughed at the freshman. 9. The group spoke to the headmistress yesterday. 10. The young mothers looked after their babies with great care. 11. Nobody lived in that old house. 12. They sent for Jim and told him to prepare a report on that subject.

EXERCISE 5Open the brackets using the Passive or Active Voices.

1. Nobody (to see) him yesterday. 2. The telegram (to receive) tomorrow. 3. He (to give) me this book next week. 4. The answer to this question can (to find) in the encyclopedia. 5. We (to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation. 6. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in the USA in this book. 7. Budapest (to divide) by the Danube into two parts: Buda and Pest. 8. Yuri Dolgoruki (to found) Moscow in 1147. 9. Moscow University (to found) by Lomonosov. 10. We (to call) Zhukovski the father of Russian aviation.


EXERCISE 6 Turn the following into the Passive Voice.

I. The students greeted the famous lecturer warmly.2 We asked him about his holidays. 3We received this letter after his departure. 4They often speak about him. . 5I did not leave the window open


EXERCISE 7Change the following sentences into the Passive Voice.

Ausing the Indefinite Tenses (give two forms where possible).

Example: Tom gave her a book. — She was given a book. The book was given to her.


1. He broke my watch. 2. The teacher explained the rule to the students. 3. He often asks me to help them. 4. They usually do written exercises in class. 5. She will make a new discovery soon. 6. Steve will make a report at the conference. 7» They play tennis all year round, 8. His friends never forgave his betrayal, 9, The manager offers me several jobs. 10. They will promise you much, but don't imagine they will give you everything. 11. His parents regularly sent him parcels with fruit from their garden. 12. They will give me a leave in July if there is no urgent work. 13. The Spanish government offered Columbus three ships, 14. They usually send their children to camp for summer. 15. The officer charged him with a very important mission, 16, I'm sure we'll settle the matter easily. 17. The policeman fined the driver for exceeding the speed limit 18. Somebody calls her every day. 19. We request the passengers leaving for London to register. 20. The manager will sign contracts tomorrow.

В using the Indefinite Tenses (pay attention to prepositions),

Example: She looks after him well. — He is well looked after (by her).

1. We sent for the police. 2, They speak much about this book. 3. They often laugh at him. 4. They listened to our conversation very attentively. 5.1 think they will wait for us only in a week. 6. Nobody took notice of his late arrival. 7. We looked through all the advertisements very

attentively. 8, He was a brilliant speaker, and whenever he spoke, the audience listened to him with great attention, 9. They will look after him in hospital much better. 10. Everybody looked at her new dress with interest. 11. She sent them for a taxi. 12. People will talk much about the successful performance of the young actress. 13, They always make fun of him. 14. The teacher pointed out gross mistakes in the translation. 15. He referred to very interesting plans. 16. They agreed upon Monday as the most suitable day. 17. He did not touch upon this question unfortunately. 18. They spoke to him about his promotion yesterday

Домашнє завдання : переказувати текст “Сhinaware and Stoneware”

Тема 12. Порцеляна

Мета: удосконалювати навички студентів правильно використовувати нову професійну лексику; розвивати логічне мислення; виховувати культуру мовлення. Удосконалювати граматичні навички вживання пасивного стану.

Обладнання: малюнки до теми, роздруківки текстів для читання та завдань, словники.

Час проведення: 2 год.

План заняття

І Організаційний момент. Привітання

ІІ. Читання тексту “Porcelain ” з підручника В.Е. Коваленко «English» ІІІ.Виконання граматичних вправ

Complete the sentences. Use the passive (present or past) of these verbs:

clean damage find give invite make(2) show steal take

1. The room is cleaned every day.

1.I saw an accident yesterday. Two people ______ to hospital.

2.Paper ______ from wood.

3.There was a fire at the hotel last week. Two of the rooms ______

4.“Where did you get this picture?” “It _____ to me by a friend of mine.”

5.Many American programmes ______ on British television.

6.“Did Jim and Sue go to the wedding?” “No. They ______ but they didn’t go.”

7.“How old is this film?” “It ______ in 1965.”

8.My car ______ last week but the next day it ______ by the police.

9.Express the same using passive.

A:1.We must discuss the contents of the novel. 2.The actors ought to impress the

audience. 3.You should stop these chatterboxes. 4.We must introduce the members of

the team to each other. 5.People have to transport these boxes as soon as possible.

6.They must translate the speech when the time comes.

B:1.English borrowed a lot of words. 2.A postman brings them a lot of periodicals. 3.

Mr William’s secretary will send this telex tomorrow. 4.They didn’t find the origin of

the adjective “big”. 5.People easily memorize such words. 6.Somebody bought a

bronze candlestick and three green candles.

10.Translate into English.

1.Його часто посилають у відрядження за кордон. 2.Інколи її запрошують в

театр. 3.Маленьких дітей завжди люблять.4.Вчора мене відвідала подруга.

5.Ким була розбита ваза? 6.Де була придбана ця гарна сукня? 7.Екзамен будуть

здавати через два тижні. 8.Роботу перевірять завтра. 9.Моє кошеня не

погодували вранці. 10.Роботу слід робити вчасно. 11.На цьому заводі

виготовляють сільськогосподарські машини.

Домашнє завдання : переказувати текст “Porcelain ”

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