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Practical Assignments for independent Work

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Independent Personal Work 1 Style, Stylistic Lexicology, Etc.

Item 1

"He's gone off his rocket!" shouted one of the fathers, aghast, and the other parents joined in the chorus of frightened shouting. "He's balmy!" they shouted. "He's nutty!" "He's screwy!" "He's batty!" "He's dippy!" "He's dotty!" "He's daffy!" "He's goofy!" "He's beany!" "He's buggy!" "He's wacky!" "He's loony!" "No, he is not!" said Grandpa Joe.

Assignments for stylistic analysis

1. Define what neutral word [a) drunkard, b) mad. c) disobedient] slang equivalents substitute in the passage above.


 




2. Explain whether this extract presents a narration or a description

3. Is there any emotional or qualitative climax in the extract? How doth words "No, he is not!" fit all the other exclamations?

4. What is the sentence structure in the direct speech - simple/ cornno ite, complete/ elliptical? Do the exclamations manifest any definite style of language? What exactly?

5. What is the tone of speech in this extract: formal/ semiformal/ infor. mal/ conversational/ casual/ sympathetic/ cheerful/ vigorous/ serious/ humor-ous/ mock-serious/ lyrical/ dramatic/ excited/ agitated/ passionate/ impassive/ detached/ matter-of-fact/ dry/ impartial/ melancholy/ moralising/ unemotional/ pathetic/ sarcastic/ ironical/ sneering/ bitter/ reproachful, etc.?

6. What is: a) the basic theme, b) the idea of the episode?

Item 2

Reporter - "Madam, you may recollect that we printed yesterday your denial of having retracted the contradiction of your original statement. Would you care to have us say that you were misquoted in regard to it?"

Assignments for stylistic analysis

1.Explain what exactly speaks of the style of this passage? What style is represented?

2. How does the choice of words influence perception of the information? Define the tone of the note: formal/ semiformal/ informal/ conversational/ casual/ sympathetic/ cheerful/ vigorous/ serious/ humorous/ mock-serious/ lyrical/ dramatic/ excited/ agitated/ passionate/ impassive/ detached/ matter-of-fact/ dry/ impartial/ melancholy/ moralising/ unemotional/ pathetic/ sarcastic/ ironical/ sneering/ bitter/ reproachful, etc.

3. State: a) the basic theme, b) the idea of the passage.

Item 3

"May it please the court" said an American lawyer to a Germanjustice of the peacebefore whom he was trying a case, "this is a case of great importance. While the American eagle, whose sleepless eye watches over the welfare of this mighty republic, and whose wings extend from the Allegn-enies to the Rocky Chain of the West, was rejoicing in his pride of place


Shtop dare! I say vat hass dis suit to do mit de eagles? Dis suit hass n-10 do mit de vild bird. It vas vun sheep," exclaimed the judge. True, your honour, but my client has rights and" "Your gliant hass no right to de eagle." "Of course not, but the laws of language"

"Vat I care for de laws of language, eh? I oonderstand de laws of de tates und dot is enough for me. Talk aboudt de case alretty."

"Well, then, your honour, my client is charged with stealing a sheep and" "Dat vill do! Dat vill do! Ten dollars fine, undder court vill adjourn."

Assignments for stylistic analysis

1. What is: a) the basic theme, b) the central idea of the passage?

2. Point out what layer of vocabulary the marked words belong to.

3. Define the context of the plot description. What exactly (vocabulary choice, pronunciation, the context itself) produces a humorous effect?

4. Analyse the style and tone of speech of both the interlocutors.

Item 4

"Iam not to be lodged there!" the King said, with a shudder, that had something in it ominous.

"No," replied the grey-headed seneschal, who attended upon him unbounded." "God forbid! - Your Majesty's apartments are prepared in these lower buildings which are hard by, and in which King John slept two nights before the battle of Poicters."

"Hum - that is no lucky omen neither" - muttered the King; "but what of the Tower, my old friend? and why should you desire of Heaven that I may not be there lodged?"

"Nay, my gracious liege," said the seneschal, "I know no evil of the Tower at all - only that the sentinels say lights are seen, and strange noises heard in it, at night; and there are reasons why that may be the case, for anciently it was used as a state prison, and there are many tales of deeds which have been done in it."

[King] Louis asked no farther questions; for no man was more bound than he to respect the secrets of a prison-house. At the door of the apartments destined for his use, which, though of later date than the Tower, were stiH both ancient and gloomy, stood a small party of the Scottish Guard, which


 




the Duke, although he declined to concede the point to Louis, had ordered t be introduced, so as to be near the person of their master. The faithful Lord Crawford was at their head.

"Crawford - my honest and faithful Crawford," said the King, "where hast thou been to-day? - Are the Lords of Burgundy so inhospitable as to neglect one of the bravest and most noble gentlemen that ever trode a court") - Isaw you not at the banquet."

"I declined it, my liege," said Crawford - "times are changed with me. The day has been that I could have ventured a carousewith the best man in Burgundy, and that in the juice of his own grape; but a matter of four pints now flusters men, and I think it concerns your Majesty's service to set in this an example to my callants."

From Walter Scott's Quentin Durward Assignments for stylistic analysis

1.Decide what vocabulary layer the marked words belong to.

2. State the number of characters introduced in the episode. What are the theme and the tone of each part of the conversation?

3. Is the setting realistic/ historical/ fantastic/ exotic/ rural?

4. Analyse the style and the context (or their kinds) disclosed in the extract.

5. How can the notion of norm be applied to the extract? Point out conspicuous expressive means and stylistic devices. What function and effect does each of them have?

6. Analyse how the notion "the author's voice" is revealed in the extract?

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