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: Ͳ ̲ Ͳ .

Stop

get

take

2) :

unprecedented, unanimous, readability, readaption, disapprovingly, discouragement, dishpan, dishwasherproof, disyllabic, missionary, misspend, mistiness, mistrustfulness, mistress, prehistoric, precolonial, predatory, foretell, forestless

3) :

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

4) :

Armchair, blackleg, wristwatch, earring, newspaper, sick-leave, cutthroat, skyscraper, railway, minefield, nightclub, nightdress, birthday, cry-baby, dragon-fly

5) . ( ). , :

Go, walk,step, stride, stroll, cousin, park, novel, delicate, maverick,

, , , , , , , , , .

˳:

1. . .., .., .. . .: , 1985. .5-33.

2. .. . .,1977. .155-175.

3. .. . .,1986. 294 .

4. . . : . /

. : . ., 1991. 140 .

5. .. . - .: , 1996. - 224 .

6. .. .-³: , 2008.

7. .. . -.: , 1995. .5-17, 55-62.

8. .. . - , 1977.-.3-9. .. .- , 1993. .3-9,222-246.

10. .. . // . - 1998. - 25-28. - . 1-2.

11. . - / ....- .,1973-438.

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paae ae ae opao ieceoci coa, a paea ae opooi eeea, opeo ac. paae ae a acoi op ici, cyei opi pei, . paae ae oe ia ocioic caox ac cacoo ioo, apa, coocoye i pee. paai eee yop ei ac: ci y oi, apa, iei, ci icy i ioix op o. ae ca aici oi, ypaci, paa, oci ie a oa o o. ooo coy oo'oi paai e acy, ca, iia, y, opi oo.

paae ae a co cpyi, oo aac oi oo oi y cocyax i o, i paa apay, cyyic ycix paax ae, acx coy y oo opooix epeopex.

Ta o, paae ae aac aic ex opooix oa, cix op ioo py ci. poeci yope ooo ooy paai ae oyc ec.

ece ae io peea peao icoci, e ca ao acio yope ocioo 'y icy opo, y i oo peaiyc, xo cpyyp oo oi oaa, cia cix ox cyai. ece ae aci peaia oc e, a aic. oo po ie ecoo ae aic pox caox ac: oio-peeoo icy, oci eco-paax op (apiai), aao cyyoci 'i, ia aic coa coyyac i coa.

eco-ceai apia oo'oi i ayai icoi eee oo oi. Oi ae coa a aoy poy oco, - .

, pao, aaoai, cii i ccoo oopo icya ix, pyopx ae. yo cooopy aic coa; o ope oi yci oci o, a y eax aaoax ci caa pie ocaoo ooi oo.

pyopi ae, pea eco-ceax apiai, yioy i piix oa ooyoo ciy. eaie a pyopx ae aeey e ooi coo aaco .

.

eoae ae - ocoe, peeo-oie ae, ᒺ .

Kooae ae ioca oyiaa iic oo oi, a aco axoc oa oeya ico.

Koai ceaa oiai ae, oxoe cyyic ceax aapya oyi, ye po a, ece o, ei acoci i oci o'. ooax oiai iocc ya, oy, yyp ooe, eoi ap.

. - , cocyc pae oyi, acpo, iece oo. : , .

Bco cyi acpaya, ac ae, oo yic y ecx 'ax i o coa y ai ipi aac oai ocooc ecx o.

aaoa op oai:

1. oeo-opoia oai, ao aciyaa, cpac e yoaciya (p aciya ppox yi). eco-ceae ae py ci cypooyc yo eea. a ooae oa cocepia y iaex, e copiex ox: a. loppet, apa, ciiocc . oo. ³aeo aay oe ooo poc. xpa, oce kwiczec, . quicken; . yia.

2. Eooia oai, acoaa 'y coa icop epea coa, icya y oi paie. Bae oaooo ae i oa oo po ei'a aca icopoo ocie ae. Cepe acoox ci popi ai, a epe eooie ae, coa, ae x iepyao ic ii oaoi ae.

3. Mopoia oai cocyc e ci, caac i, oi ope. Mopooia oai peaiyc oooo cooopx ope. Cyi opooio oa oe y pi.

4. Moai, yoea cea oe acai oai, oy y ai ipi pyyc cocyax coa oao peai i yioax 'ax ooo aoo ypyya. Eee ceaoo ypyya oai coo yioao, a o'y cepa o, cia ypyya.

aic ae y ceai cpyypi coa oic ooai i aaoai. Ooax ao ooceax ci y oi opio eaao. iic ci o aaoaa. Moic oioo occe coa yopc cac, a i ace ec xo, oo cao ceao cpyypo coa.

B icopi cpyypi ae ya ep i op ao oao (oo) i oxi. epe ao ooe ae iac io eooi, pyi oo xo eaopoo ao eoiioo epeocy yopc ae xii. oy oy a ice poeya ae, a i ya (iya).

ia ceao cpyyp coa ooe epeo oicei. eai i ae y cyyoci i caa aaoaic ioci ci . Pie oicei a acio icya ooiix apiai, e e ay, o ae ooii pay oci ceao cpyyp, a poeya, y oi iyac acie.

Aaiy aaoae coo coay aa aa xapaep caoo ae, e oe y ope, aa, apa, oaa y icoy e pee, ic, i . . ae oca ie, aoo oo y eoy opy poaoai pyopi ae ao ii ae. ci ae, a coo, ipapxio poaoai y ceai oo cpyypi i eoaoo ac y oi. Pii po ae oi oo ece, oo oicei, opey pioo ecoo ooe, ao pix oeci.

oec - iia io oe, aeo opee ae oiceioo coa:

1. ec oec a pio ooe ecx ae, y oy iopc eoa opioo coa. ec oec caa py ecx o, x ayaiyc oe ae. Cocy aae ae ic oecy iipa ooy po y aei eoaoo ae coa.

2. paau oec aa paa cpyyp coocoy (a io i opeoo coa), ooaa 'cya a aaoaoo coa. paao oao oeca opo coyyaoci ci i x poaya y cpyypi oecy.

3. Cya oec, cyai, y i ac coo, oy ooci iox ceix oeci. oe y oa iox ox ocepei. Koec y ai ipi o'a c o.

2

1. . .

2. .

3. .

4. . .

5. :

1) hand, head, round, table, .

2) , , :meat, pipe, style, salary, lord, knave, minister, villain, bus, season.

3) , :

high - , preschool " ",philosophy - , campus " ", key-hole , downsize " ", blue helmets - , start-up - " , ", challenged, handicapped - , big bang - , sparkplug- , laptop " "", designer , soap - , greenlight " ", casual - .

˳:

1. .. . .,1977. .52-71, 80-89

2. .. . ., 1986. . 182-215

3. .., .., .. . .., 1985. .99-127.

4. .. . ., 1987.

5. .. . -.: , 1995. .63-66.

6. .. .-, 1977.-.8-50.

7. .. . - , 1993. .66-109.

8. . / ....-.,1973-.25-45.

9. .. . ., 1981.

10. .. .-³: , 2008.

11. Kempson R.M. Semantic Theory. - Cambridge,1993.-216 p.

12. Leech G. Semantics. - Harmonds Worth: Pengium, 1974. - 386 p.

13. Palmer F.R. Semantics. new outline. M., 1982. P.9-40

3

1. , .

2. . .

3. , .

4. .

5. :

6

1. .

2. ˳ .

3. .

4. :

1) :

returnik, algebre, fellow-traveller, real liti, guest-worker, rodeo, refusenik, blitz, rapprochement, wall paper, iron fist, rainbow (coalition), hryvnia, near abroad.

2) :

alibi, barrio, dish, theory, danger, junger, soup, elite, sable, balcony, infantry, swindler, hibakusha, gung-ho, Oblomvism, paisano, contras, capo, diktat, gastarbeiter, schmaltz, kibitzer, shan, Keiretsu, Mittelstand, guanxi, chaebol, nach.

3) :

crisis, garage, sombrero, taiga, Siberia, rodeo, detente, czar, memoir, phenomenon, radius, nabob, baron, guerrilla, deja vu, to shanghai.

4) :

reject turn down brush off, surrender yield give in give up, belly stomach abdomen, reduce cut back, adapt adjust, accommodate conform, alone solitary lonely lonesome desolate, defend protect shield, guard safeguard, fear dread fright, alarm dismay terror panic.

5) :

city, country, dog, cat, blood, head, hand, nose, lip, night, tooth, milk, war

˳:

1. .. . .,1977. .143-155

2. .., .., .. . ., 1985. .34-58.

3. .. . ., 1956.

4. .. //
. - 1988. - 6. - . 57-63.

5. .. .-³: , 2008.

6. .. . ., 1966.

7. 3 .. 80 - 90 XX . -, 1997. . 78-90.

8. .. . -. : , 1998. .142-166.

9. .., .. : .- , 2001.- .43-56.

10. .. .- ., 1986. .6-26.

11. .. . - , 1993. .151-173.

12. .. . ., 1974.

13. .. // . 1998. - 45 (109). .1-2.

14. . - / ....- .,1973-.101-150.

15. Skeat W.The Concise Dictionary of English Etymology. Ware, Wordsworth, 1993. - 633 p.

 

7

1. .

2. .

3. 㳿.

4. Ⓙ. .

5. :

1) . :

white elephant, first robin, to turn a new leaf, with flying colors, to bark up the wrong tree, lock, stock and barrel, a round peg in a square hole, virgin speech, to make up one's mind, down in the mouth, the beautiful people, arms race, rat race, back room boys, grass widow, velvet divorce, one-stop shopping, to beat about the bush, to send smb. down the river.

8

1. . 㳿 .

2. . .

3. .

4. :

1) , , :Foodism, splash-down, baby-boomer, bridge-builder, czar, drug-lord, hot-line, mega-company, sky-jack, roofscape, to strip-search, goaheadism, criminalize, to vacuum-clean, VIP, baby-break, law-and-order, can-do, expellee, autocrime, vidkid, do-or-die, to network, to clock-watch, politicoholic, boatlift, deindustrialise, under-class, megalog, to rubbish, infotainment, overclass.

2) :cyberphobic, virus, Biotech, rollbar, ufology, stagflation, telex, computerize, micropopulation, paralinguistics, hi-fi, hi-tech, subprofessional, jet-syndrome, methadone, laser, to sky-dive, sonar, chemurgy, flash-photography, anti-dumping, to debug, vaccinee, anti-world, teleworker, dieselise, technofear, Big Bang

3) :cheer-leader, fall-out, chain-reaction, to step up, escalation, warm-up, pressure-cooker, satellite, to defuse, pipe-line, pile-driver, power-house, hundred-proof

4) , :belly-robber, chair born, huddle, drop-out, to pass the buck, pork-barrel, fat cat, sob-stuff, to bump-off, hit-man, angel, goof, crack-down, heebie-jeebies, to bad-mouth, super-grass, shot in the arm.

˳:

1. .., .., .. . .: , 1985. .9-33.

2. .. . .,1986.294 .

3. .., .. . -
., 1985. - 135 .

4. .. . - .:
, 1989. - 126 .

5. 3 .. 80 - 90 XX . - : " - ", 1997. - 396 .

6. 3 .., .. - . - : , 2000. - 204 .

7. .., .. : .- , 2001.- 242.

8. .. . - ., 1982. - 136 .

9. .. . - , 1993. .174-196.

10. .. . ., 1984. .7-24.

11. .- / ....- .,1973 - .151-210.

12. .. ˳ 㳿 //

. - 1998. - 1-2. - . 7-.

13. .. . ., 1983.

14. Ayto J.,Simpson J., The Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang.-Oxford, 1996. - 300 p.

15. Partridge E. Slang today and yesterday.- London, 1979.

.

1. .

2. .

3. .

4. .

5. .

6. .

7. .

8. .

9. .

10. .

11. .

12. - .

13. .

14. .

15.

16. .

Stop

get

take

2) :

unprecedented, unanimous, readability, readaption, disapprovingly, discouragement, dishpan, dishwasherproof, disyllabic, missionary, misspend, mistiness, mistrustfulness, mistress, prehistoric, precolonial, predatory, foretell, forestless

3) :

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

4) :

Armchair, blackleg, wristwatch, earring, newspaper, sick-leave, cutthroat, skyscraper, railway, minefield, nightclub, nightdress, birthday, cry-baby, dragon-fly

5) . ( ). , :

Go, walk,step, stride, stroll, cousin, park, novel, delicate, maverick,

, , , , , , , , , .

˳:

1. . .., .., .. . .: , 1985. .5-33.

2. .. . .,1977. .155-175.

3. .. . .,1986. 294 .

4. . . : . /

. : . ., 1991. 140 .

5. .. . - .: , 1996. - 224 .

6. .. .-³: , 2008.

7. .. . -.: , 1995. .5-17, 55-62.

8. .. . - , 1977.-.3-9. .. .- , 1993. .3-9,222-246.

10. .. . // . - 1998. - 25-28. - . 1-2.

11. . - / ....- .,1973-438.

: .

㳿: , , - , , , .

. , , .

, 㳺.

.

paae ae ae opao ieceoci coa, a paea ae opooi eeea, opeo ac. paae ae a acoi op ici, cyei opi pei, . paae ae oe ia ocioic caox ac cacoo ioo, apa, coocoye i pee. paai eee yop ei ac: ci y oi, apa, iei, ci icy i ioix op o. ae ca aici oi, ypaci, paa, oci ie a oa o o. ooo coy oo'oi paai e acy, ca, iia, y, opi oo.

paae ae a co cpyi, oo aac oi oo oi y cocyax i o, i paa apay, cyyic ycix paax ae, acx coy y oo opooix epeopex.

Ta o, paae ae aac aic ex opooix oa, cix op ioo py ci. poeci yope ooo ooy paai ae oyc ec.

ece ae io peea peao icoci, e ca ao acio yope ocioo 'y icy opo, y i oo peaiyc, xo cpyyp oo oi oaa, cia cix ox cyai. ece ae aci peaia oc e, a aic. oo po ie ecoo ae aic pox caox ac: oio-peeoo icy, oci eco-paax op (apiai), aao cyyoci 'i, ia aic coa coyyac i coa.

eco-ceai apia oo'oi i ayai icoi eee oo oi. Oi ae coa a aoy poy oco, - .

, pao, aaoai, cii i ccoo oopo icya ix, pyopx ae. yo cooopy aic coa; o ope oi yci oci o, a y eax aaoax ci caa pie ocaoo ooi oo.

pyopi ae, pea eco-ceax apiai, yioy i piix oa ooyoo ciy. eaie a pyopx ae aeey e ooi coo aaco .

.

eoae ae - ocoe, peeo-oie ae, ᒺ .

Kooae ae ioca oyiaa iic oo oi, a aco axoc oa oeya ico.

Koai ceaa oiai ae, oxoe cyyic ceax aapya oyi, ye po a, ece o, ei acoci i oci o'. ooax oiai iocc ya, oy, yyp ooe, eoi ap.

. - , cocyc pae oyi, acpo, iece oo. : , .

Bco cyi acpaya, ac ae, oo yic y ecx 'ax i o coa y ai ipi aac oai ocooc ecx o.

aaoa op oai:

1. oeo-opoia oai, ao aciyaa, cpac e yoaciya (p aciya ppox yi). eco-ceae ae py ci cypooyc yo eea. a ooae oa cocepia y iaex, e copiex ox: a. loppet, apa, ciiocc . oo. ³aeo aay oe ooo poc. xpa, oce kwiczec, . quicken; . yia.

2. Eooia oai, acoaa 'y coa icop epea coa, icya y oi paie. Bae oaooo ae i oa oo po ei'a aca icopoo ocie ae. Cepe acoox ci popi ai, a epe eooie ae, coa, ae x iepyao ic ii oaoi ae.

3. Mopoia oai cocyc e ci, caac i, oi ope. Mopooia oai peaiyc oooo cooopx ope. Cyi opooio oa oe y pi.

4. Moai, yoea cea oe acai oai, oy y ai ipi pyyc cocyax coa oao peai i yioax 'ax ooo aoo ypyya. Eee ceaoo ypyya oai coo yioao, a o'y cepa o, cia ypyya.

aic ae y ceai cpyypi coa oic ooai i aaoai. Ooax ao ooceax ci y oi opio eaao. iic ci o aaoaa. Moic oioo occe coa yopc cac, a i ace ec xo, oo cao ceao cpyypo coa.

B icopi cpyypi ae ya ep i op ao oao (oo) i oxi. epe ao ooe ae iac io eooi, pyi oo xo eaopoo ao eoiioo epeocy yopc ae xii. oy oy a ice poeya ae, a i ya (iya).

ia ceao cpyyp coa ooe epeo oicei. eai i ae y cyyoci i caa aaoaic ioci ci . Pie oicei a acio icya ooiix apiai, e e ay, o ae ooii pay oci ceao cpyyp, a poeya, y oi iyac acie.

Aaiy aaoae coo coay aa aa xapaep caoo ae, e oe y ope, aa, apa, oaa y icoy e pee, ic, i . . ae oca ie, aoo oo y eoy opy poaoai pyopi ae ao ii ae. ci ae, a coo, ipapxio poaoai y ceai oo cpyypi i eoaoo ac y oi. Pii po ae oi oo ece, oo oicei, opey pioo ecoo ooe, ao pix oeci.

oec - iia io oe, aeo opee ae oiceioo coa:

1. ec oec a pio ooe ecx ae, y oy iopc eoa opioo coa. ec oec caa py ecx o, x ayaiyc oe ae. Cocy aae ae ic oecy iipa ooy po y aei eoaoo ae coa.

2. paau oec aa paa cpyyp coocoy (a io i opeoo coa), ooaa 'cya a aaoaoo coa. paao oao oeca opo coyyaoci ci i x poaya y cpyypi oecy.

3. Cya oec, cyai, y i ac coo, oy ooci iox ceix oeci. oe y oa iox ox ocepei. Koec y ai ipi o'a c o.

2

1. . .

2. .

3. .

4. . .

5. :

1) hand, head, round, table, .

2) , , :meat, pipe, style, salary, lord, knave, minister, villain, bus, season.

3) , :

high - , preschool " ",philosophy - , campus " ", key-hole , downsize " ", blue helmets - , start-up - " , ", challenged, handicapped - , big bang - , sparkplug- , laptop " "", designer , soap - , greenlight " ", casual - .

˳:

1. .. . .,1977. .52-71, 80-89

2. .. . ., 1986. . 182-215

3. .., .., .. . .., 1985. .99-127.

4. .. . ., 1987.

5. .. . -.: , 1995. .63-66.

6. .. .-, 1977.-.8-50.

7. .. . - , 1993. .66-109.

8. . / ....-.,1973-.25-45.

9. .. . ., 1981.

10. .. .-³: , 2008.

11. Kempson R.M. Semantic Theory. - Cambridge,1993.-216 p.

12. Leech G. Semantics. - Harmonds Worth: Pengium, 1974. - 386 p.

13. Palmer F.R. Semantics. new outline. M., 1982. P.9-40

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