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. .

show the white feather, to turn one's coat, to drop anchor, to quit the scene, daily bread, in deep waters, to stick to one's guns, to step on the gas, on the ball, to play the first fiddle, to sell like hot cakes, 64 dollar question, straight from the horse mouth, all chiefs and no indians, to keep the pot boiling, not to let grass grow under one's feet, on the beam, to call off one's dogs, hold your horses.

3) , :

As the father so the son, you can not eat your cake and have it, any port in a storm, a cat may look at a king, pot calls the kettle black, seven cooks spoil the broth, garbage in-garbage out, he is not the only pebble on the beach, every cloud has a silver lining.

4) , Ⓙ :

Back-scratching, below-the-belt, cat-and-mouse, buck-passing, the spilt milk, the new broom, log-rolling, hand-to-mouth existence, down-and-outer, the last straw, birds of feather, golden goose, loose cannon.

˳:

1. .. - .
- .: , 1989. - 134 .

2. .. 㳿.-, 1987.-134.

3. .. . , 1979.

4. .. . ., 1983. . 25-120

5. .. . .,1977. .95-119

6. .., .., .. . .., 1985. .173-199.

7. 3 .. 80-90 . XX . -,1997. . 111-129.

8. .. .- , 1998..120-141

9. 3 .. .- , 1983.-176 .

10. .. ., 1970. .74-211.

11. .. . ., 1972.- 288.

12. .. . - , 1993. .130-150.

13. - / ....- .,1973.- .331-435.

: ˲ ֲֲ в .

, .

, , . : .

Heooi oa o, yopea ae ooo o . aeya ox pee, oapi, ii, poyi cyaco exooi. Heooi yopc pyi ox oei, coiax , iapox cocyi.

ci:

- ,

- cooopi ,

- aoe ( ix , a i ypi aoe),

Kaci eooi:

- oo-cea oaa (epei o, oi coa oaa),

- cocoa coopy - oi cooyope a aic ioix opooix poeci.

Opei coye yopc a aoo ay (nonce-words). aca aco a, a aca epepoc cop.

Icop coo, o y, ciie o oci peaa aca oo oceoo ociy. cop oaa pa, oci, pooi oi, epecya, po, o, yxoapci c, pee oyy, i ayc cocoo eox oca: bard ap, ec iecpe, chartism p, bron apo, ooap eoo aiy, tribune py, vassal aca.

Apxa coo ao pa, o oceoo y i cpac acapi: centime ca (pia oea), descant eoi, ic (p. . a y . Ki-co'ea i M. oo), garner cxoe ypoa; p. yp. ape op. Apxa oaa pei, , aa, oca, ao icy.

oe e o'ae a oi:

- e pee, coa oaa;

- ia ae (ao y po x);

- ypaa oai (oeo, yoaciyao, aaooo);

- aoe coia;

- poo ooii;

- ice ooo ae.

coo ao coocoye icopo yooa yoo apie ae, ia oe o y ceiaioai ayi a poa. Cyyic epii ecx acoi aeya, caa epiooi, oic :

- oeaypy - cyyic ceiax epii-a, ac opei xoi ii.

- poecioai - ye ayoo-exix epii, caa ayo cce, aa ceiai o, ap ao poy pai, poi poec, apoi peeca oc i ice xapaep.

Bo epia:

1. o, xapaepc o.

2. Ceiic, ooa y eax opeo ayeo epiooi, coii.

iae epopia, aco ao coa pio o. iaeo opcyc ea ciic e, oy i ipic co pi cea, paa i oe.

Tepopiai iae oioo acy ocyoo iec. o cyo icex a peioai poxoe y oi a; epiac oy oei ocooci icex oipo.

oiai iae - e apia (pio) o, opcyc opei coiai ypyya , oxo y ccio, eeo, yioao i cpyypo pix , pooic poecioai i apo (apo); ocai a aici oi y ce.

poecii iae, pi iaei coiax, oxo ecy, aa epeay oi ooo axy ao y a.

apo caac ace yopex (opooio ao ceao) eeei, ax eo iopee pe oi ao cioci.

Ce eca poooo y, y aa o aaoo caapy; coa, o y capi oi ao ac, a a oco ecocea ic.

8

1. . 㳿 .

2. . .

3. .

4. :

1) , , :Foodism, splash-down, baby-boomer, bridge-builder, czar, drug-lord, hot-line, mega-company, sky-jack, roofscape, to strip-search, goaheadism, criminalize, to vacuum-clean, VIP, baby-break, law-and-order, can-do, expellee, autocrime, vidkid, do-or-die, to network, to clock-watch, politicoholic, boatlift, deindustrialise, under-class, megalog, to rubbish, infotainment, overclass.

2) :cyberphobic, virus, Biotech, rollbar, ufology, stagflation, telex, computerize, micropopulation, paralinguistics, hi-fi, hi-tech, subprofessional, jet-syndrome, methadone, laser, to sky-dive, sonar, chemurgy, flash-photography, anti-dumping, to debug, vaccinee, anti-world, teleworker, dieselise, technofear, Big Bang

3) :cheer-leader, fall-out, chain-reaction, to step up, escalation, warm-up, pressure-cooker, satellite, to defuse, pipe-line, pile-driver, power-house, hundred-proof

4) , :belly-robber, chair born, huddle, drop-out, to pass the buck, pork-barrel, fat cat, sob-stuff, to bump-off, hit-man, angel, goof, crack-down, heebie-jeebies, to bad-mouth, super-grass, shot in the arm.

˳:

1. .., .., .. . .: , 1985. .9-33.

2. .. . .,1986.294 .

3. .., .. . -
., 1985. - 135 .

4. .. . - .:
, 1989. - 126 .

5. 3 .. 80 - 90 XX . - : " - ", 1997. - 396 .

6. 3 .., .. - . - : , 2000. - 204 .

7. .., .. : .- , 2001.- 242.

8. .. . - ., 1982. - 136 .

9. .. . - , 1993. .174-196.

10. .. . ., 1984. .7-24.

11. .- / ....- .,1973 - .151-210.

12. .. ˳ 㳿 //

. - 1998. - 1-2. - . 7-.

13. .. . ., 1983.

14. Ayto J.,Simpson J., The Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang.-Oxford, 1996. - 300 p.

15. Partridge E. Slang today and yesterday.- London, 1979.

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