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THE CONCEPT OF A STATE. THE RIGHTS, FREEDOMS AND DUTIES OF A MAN AND A CITIZEN.

UKRAINE. POLITICAL SYSTEM OF UKRAINE

 

UKRAINE

I. Read and memorize the following words and word combinations:

To border , medieval , to disintegrate , regional powers , a dissolution (), market economy , a unitary state - , autonomous , legislative , executive , judicial .

II. Listen to the text:

Ukraine

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania, Moldova (including the breakaway Pridnestrovie) to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south. The city of Kiev is both the capital and the largest city of Ukraine.

The nation's modern history began with that of the East Slavs. From at least the 9th century, the territory of Ukraine was a center of the medieval East Slavic civilization, forming the state of Kievan Rus' which disintegrated in the 12th century. From the 14th century on, the territory of Ukraine was divided among a number of regional powers, and by the 19th century, the largest part of Ukraine was integrated into the Russian Empire, with the rest under Austro-Hungarian control. After several attempts at independence (191721) following World War I and the Russian Civil War, Ukraine emerged in 1922 as one of the founding republics of the Soviet Union.

The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic's territory was enlarged westward shortly before and after World War II, and again in 1954 with the Crimea transfer. In 1945, the Ukrainian SSR became one of the co-founding members of the United Nations. Ukraine became independent again after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. This began a period of transition to a market economy.

Ukraine is a unitary state composed of 24 oblasts, one autonomous republic (Crimea), and two cities with special status: Kiev, its capital, and Sevastopol, which houses the Russian Black Sea Fleet under a leasing agreement. Ukraine is a republic under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Since the collapse of the USSR, Ukraine continues to maintain the second largest military in Europe, after that of Russia.

The country is home to 46.4 million people, 77.8 percent of whom are ethnic Ukrainians, with sizable minorities of Russians, Belarusians and Romanians. The Ukrainian language is the only official language in Ukraine, while Russian is also widely spoken and is known to most Ukrainians as a second language. The dominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has heavily influenced Ukrainian architecture, literature and music.

 

III. Agree or disagree with the statements:

1. Ukraine is a country in Western Europe which borders Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova.

2. In the 9th century, the territory of Ukraine was a center of the medieval East Slavic civilization.

3. The territory of Ukraine was divided among a number of regional powers during its history.

4. By the 19th century, the largest part of Ukraine was integrated into the Polish Empire.

5. Ukrainian territory was enlarged westward shortly before and after World War II.

6. In 1940, the Ukrainian SSR became one of the co-founding members of the United Nations.

7. Ukrainian independence after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 began a period of transition to a market economy.

8. Ukraine is a monarchy composed of 24 oblasts and one autonomous republic.

9. Ukraine is a republic under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

10. Ukrainian and Russian are official languages in Ukraine.

IV. Answer the questions:

1. What countries does Ukraine border?

2. When did the nation's modern history begin?

3. Did Ukraine take a part in the United Nations forming?

4. What is an administrative structure of Ukraine as an independent state?

5. What branches are the powers of the government divided into?

V. Match the first part of the sentence (1-5) with the second one (a-e).

The dominant religion in the country a began with that of the East Slavs.
The Ukrainian language b one autonomous republic and two cities with special status.
Ukraine is a unitary state composed of oblasts, c among a number of regional powers.
The territory of Ukraine was divided d is the only official language in Ukraine.
The nation's modern history e is Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

VI. Make up a plan of the text.

VII. Retell the text in a written form (in English or Ukrainian).

POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF UKRAINE

I. Read and memorize the following words and word combinations:

Everlasting , destiny , to vote , single-chamber , to hoist , to elect , a constituency .

II. Listen to the text:

POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF UKRAINE

On the 24th of August, 1991 Ukraine became an independent state. On the 1-st of December the everlasting dream of the Ukrainian people came true. 90% of the people voted for the independence of Ukraine and since that time the Ukrainian people had become the masters of their own destiny.

The Ukrainian political system has a popularly elected President, a 450-person single-chamber national Parliament the Verkhovna Rada. The yellow and blue flag is hoisted over it.

A Prime Minister is nominated by the President and is a subject to approval by the Verkhovna Rada. The first President of the country became Leonid Kravchuk. In 1994 Ukrainian people elected a new President Leonid Kuchma and deputies to the 450-member legislature. Voting, which is not compulsory, is by secret ballot and from the age of 18. The candidate rolling the largest number of votes in a constituency is elected. Though Ukraine has a wealth of political parties, ranging from unreconstructed communities to far-right nationalities, personal and regional loyalties tend to play larger role in the Ukrainian political life than programmatic parties. A key challenge facing Ukraine is the establishment of effective, democratic governing institutions that strike a balance between executive and legislative authority.

Ukraine is divided into 24 regions, each of which has an elected council whose Chairman (elected at large) also serves as head of the executive branch. The status of the autonomous Republic of Crimea is being redefined. In March 1995, the central government suspended the Crimean constitution following a year of political instability caused in past by attempts of local politicians to develop a foreign policy independent of Kyiv.

III. Agree or disagree with the statements:

1. The Ukrainians have always dreamed about being independent.

2. Practically 100% of the people voted for the independence of Ukraine.

3. National Parliament consists of two levels.

4. A Prime Minister is nominated just by the President of the country.

5. Leonid Kuchma was the first president of Ukraine.

6. Voting, which is not compulsory, is by secret ballot and from the age of 21.

7. Ukraine has a large number of different political parties.

8. The establishment of effective, democratic governing institutions is a key challenge facing Ukraine these days.

9. Ukraine has 24 administrative parts.

10. Crimean politicians attempted to develop a foreign policy independent of Kyiv.

IV. Answer the questions:

1. When did Ukraine become an independent state?

2. Since what time have the Ukrainian people become the masters of their destiny?

3. What is the highest body of the state power in Ukraine?

4. How has the Constitution of Ukraine been modified?

5. Who was the first President of Ukraine?

V. Match the first part of the sentence (1-5) with the second one (a-e).

Voting, which is not compulsory, a the masters of their own destiny.
The candidate rolling the largest number of votes b a single-chamber national Parliament.
A Prime Minister c in a constituency is elected.
The Ukrainian political system has d is nominated by the President.
The Ukrainian people had become e is by secret ballot.

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