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V. Match the first part of the sentence (1-5) with the second one (a-e).

The Constitution states that every person has the right a are objects of the property right of Ukrainian people.
The land, mineral raw materials and other natural resources b and through the bodies of state power and local self-government.
The people are the only source of power which is exercised directly c to the free development of his/her personality.
It asserts that Ukraine is d assures rights and duties of citizens.
The Constitution established the countrys political system, e a sovereign and independent, democratic, social, legal state.

VI. Make up a plan of the text.

VII. Retell the text in a written form (in English or Ukrainian).

NATIONAL SYMBOLS

I. Read and memorize the following words and word combinations:

 

A stripe , catchy , a trident- , ancient- , to dignify- , to proclaim- .

II. Listen to the text:

NATIONAL SYMBOLS

The national Flag first appeared in 1848. The flag has two stripes: a blue one above a yellow one. The colors are symbolic- yellow for wheat in the fields and blue for the sky above them. The flag became a symbol of the all-Ukrainian unity.

The Ukrainian Anthem is a song called Ukraine Has Not Yet Perished. Its lyrics were written by Pavlo Chubynskyi and it was published in 1863. The same year it was set to music by Mykhailo Verbytskyi. The catchy melody and patriotic words made this song very popular among Ukrainians. Article 20 in the Constitution of Ukraine of 1996 defines it as the state anthem.

The National Emblem (Coat of Arms) of Ukraine is a trident. It is the most ancient and dignified of all the Ukrainian symbols. Its history goes back to the first century A.D. the classic shape of the Ukrainian trident was found on the coins of Volodymyr the Great, who ruled n the 10th century. Then, it was a mark of authority, and a symbol of the ethnic groups which made up the Ukrainian nation.

Ukraine has many holiday honouring important events in its history. And, of course, one of the greatest holidays is Independence Day. It is celebrated on 24th August. The act of Independence of Ukraine was proclaimed on this day in 1991, and a new country appeared on the map of the world.

 

III. Agree or disagree with the statements:

1. The National Flag first appeared in 1848.

2. The flag has three stripes.

3. The colours of the flag are symbolic.

4. The Ukrainian Anthem was published in 1863.

5. Pavlo Chubynskyi wrote lyrics of a song.

6. Mykhailo Verbytskyi set the song to music.

7. Trident is the most ancient Ukrainian symbol.

8. The National Emblem of Ukraine is a trident.

9. The classic shape of the Ukrainian trident was found on the coins of Volodymyr the Great.

10. It was a mark of authority.

 

IV. Answer the questions:

1. What are Ukraines symbols?

2. What colours is the Ukrainian flag?

3. What do they stand for?

4. Why was the song called Ukraine Not Yet Perished popular among Ukrainians?

5. What is the most ancient and dignified of all the Ukrainian Symbol?

V. Match the first part of the sentence (1-5) with the second one (a-e).

The act of Independence of Ukraine was proclaimed in 1991, a which made up the Ukrainian nation.
Ukraine has many holiday b of the all-Ukrainian unity.
It was a a symbol of the ethnic groups c and a new country appeared on the map of the world.
The catchy melody and patriotic words d honouring important events in its history.
The flag became a symbol e made this song very popular.

 

 

VI. Make up a plan of the text.

VII. Retell the text in a written form (in English or Ukrainian).

WE ARE UKRAINIANS

I. Read and memorize the following words and word combinations:

Populous , to diminish , to spread , hospitable , generous , diversity .

II. Listen to the text:

WE ARE UKRAINIANS

Ukraine has a population of 47 million people. It is the second most populous country of the former Soviet Union, after Russia. But its population is diminishing due to emigration and low birth rates.

72% of Ukraines population are Ukrainians. Other ethnic groups widely spread in Ukraine are: Russians (22%), Belarussians, Polish, Jews, Bulgarians, Hungarians and Tatars (less than 1% each).

More and more people are moving from villages to towns and cities. There are five cities with a population of more than 1 million. These are: Kyiv, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk and Odessa.

The state language is Ukrainian. It belongs to the Eastern-Slavonic language group. Many people believe that Ukrainian language is very melodious, the second most melodious in the world, after Italian.

Ukrainians are very kind and hospitable. They welcome visitors open-heartedly and treat them warmly and generously.

Because of a diversity of ethnic groups, Ukrainians do not look alike and cannot be stereotyped to one kind of appearance. However, many think that Ukrainian women are very attractive. Ukrainians usually have close-knit families of several generations and like to spend time with their family, dining, walking, playing and going on holidays together.

 

III. Agree or disagree with the statements:

1. Ukrainians make up 90% of Ukrainians population.

2. The Ukrainian language belongs to the Eastern- Slavonic language group.

3. The Italian language is more melodious than Ukrainians.

4. Ukrainian women are not attractive.

5. Ukrainians are very kind and hospitable.

6. Ukrainians look alike.

7. Ukrainians have close-knit families of several generations.

8. There are ten cities with a population of more than 1 million.

9. Ukraine is the third most populous country of former Soviet Union.

10. The population of Ukraine is diminishing due to emigration and low birth rates.

 

IV. Answer the questions:

1. What is a population of Ukraine?

2. What countries border Ukraine?

3. What region do you live in?

4. What is the state language of Ukraine?

5. Does Ukraine have a lot of ethnic groups?

 

V. Match the first part of the sentence (1-5) with the second one (a-e).

Ukrainians usually have families a from villages to towns and cities.
Because of a diversity of ethnic groups, b the second most melodious in the world.
Many people believe that Ukrainian language is c due to emigration and low birth rates.
More and more people are moving d of several generations.
The population is diminishing e Ukrainians do not look alike.

VI. Make up a plan of the text.

VII. Retell the text in a written form (in English or Ukrainian).

CULTURE OF UKRAINE

I. Read and memorize the following words and word combinations:

 

To influence , dominant religion , to decline , generation , wax , dye - , rural , to increase .

II. Listen to the text:

CULTURE OF UKRAINE

Ukrainian customs are heavily influenced by Christianity, which is the dominant religion in the country. Gender roles also tend to be more traditional, and grandparents play a greater role in raising children than in the West. The culture of Ukraine has been also influenced by its eastern and western neighbours, which is reflected in its architecture, music and art.

The tradition of the Easter egg, known as pysanky, has long roots in Ukraine. These eggs were drawn on with wax to create a pattern; then, the dye was applied to give the eggs their pleasant colours, the dye did not affect the previously wax-coated parts of the egg. After the entire egg was dyed, the wax was removed leaving only the colourful pattern. This tradition is thousands of years old, and precedes the arrival of Christianity to Ukraine. In the city of Kolomya near the foothills of the Carpathian mountains in 2000 was built the museum of Pysanka which won a nomination as the monument of modern Ukraine in 2007, part of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine action.

According to the Constitution, the state language of Ukraine is Ukrainian. Russian is widely spoken, especially in eastern and southern Ukraine. Most native Ukrainian speakers know Russian as a second language. Ukrainian is mainly spoken in western and central Ukraine. In western Ukraine, Ukrainian is also the dominant language in cities. In central Ukraine, Ukrainian and Russian are both equally used in cities, with Russian being more common in Kiev, while Ukrainian is the dominant language in rural communities. In eastern and southern Ukraine, Russian is primarily used in cities.

For a large part of the 20-th century, the number of Ukrainian speakers was declining from generation to generation, and by the mid-1980s, the usage of the Ukrainian language in public life had decreased significantly. Following independence, the government of Ukraine began following a policy of Ukrainization, to increase the use of Ukrainian.

III. Agree or disagree with the statements:

1. Ukrainian customs are influenced by Islam, which is the dominant religion in the country.

2. The culture of Ukraine has been influenced by its eastern and western neighbours.

3. The tradition of the Easter egg is quite young in Ukraine.

4. The tradition of the Easter egg precedes the arrival of Christianity to Ukraine.

5. The museum of Pysanka in Kyiv won a nomination as the monument of modern Ukraine in 2007 and is a part of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine action.

6. According to the Constitution, the state languages of Ukraine are Ukrainian and Russian.

7. Most native Ukrainian speakers know Russian as a second language.

8. Ukrainian is the dominant language in cities, while Russian is the dominant language in rural communities.

9. In the 20-th century, the number of Ukrainian speakers was declining from generation to generation.

10. The government of independent Ukraine began following a policy of Ukrainization, to increase the use of Ukrainian.

IV. Answer the questions:

1. What are the Ukrainian customs influenced by?

2. Was the culture of Ukraine influenced by its eastern and western neighbours?

3. Does the tradition of the Easter egg do back to thousands of years ago?

4. What are the most spoken languages in modern Ukraine?

5. What is the Ukrainian government language policy?

 

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