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Components of the automobile

1.Basically, the automobile consists of three parts: the power plant or the engine, the chassis and the body .To these may be added the accessories: the heater ,lights ,radio ,speedometer ,and other devices.

2. The power plant or engine is the source of power that makes the wheels rotate and the car move .It includes electric ,fuel ,cooling ,and lubricating systems. Most automobile engines have six or eight cylinders.

3.The chassis consists of a power train ,frame with axels ,wheels and springs. The chassis includes brakes and steering system.

4.The power train carries the power from the engine to the car wheels and contains the clutch , gearbox, propeller or cardan shaft ,differential and the final drive.

5. The clutch is a friction device connecting (or disconnecting ) the engine crankshaft to the gears in the gearbox. It is used for freeing the gearbox from the engine and is controlled by the clutch pedal.

6.Brakes are important mechanism of the car. They are used to slow or stop the car. Most braking systems in use today are hydraulic. They are operated by the brake pedal. When the driver pushes down on the brake pedal, they are applied and the car stops.

 

 

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Task 1. Answer my questions,

 

Task 2.Agree or disagree with my statements.

Use such phrases.

Im afraid you are wrong

Just the other way round

It seems to me that it is not correct

I agree with you ,you are right.

On the one hand ,on the other

Let me see

My own opinion is that

Statements

1. Basically, the automobile has no engine.

2.Such accessories as heater , lights , radio are needed for the driver.

3 Most automobile engines have one or two cylinders.

4.The power train carries the power from the car to the engines.

5.Comfort and beautiful interior of the car is necessary .

6.Brakes are used to move the car.

7.The engine makes the car goes faster.

Task 3.

Lets play. You are proposed to fill in the crossword. You must continue the sentences and your correct ending put down in the squares .If you find right words you will find a hidden word.

 

Task 4.

You have a scheme. Using material of the text ,fill it up.

Repeat components of the automobile looking at the scheme.

What are the main parts of automobile?

What system does the engine include?

What are the accessories?

What does the chassis consist of ?

What does the chassis include?

What does the power train contains?

 

Task 5.

Look at the picture .Your task is to describe what you see.

Work in the pairs. You can make the dialogue.

 

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16

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Finding a fault ina car

If your car doesn't start in the morning, you should check three things first: the battery, the fuel level and the spark plugs. It is easy to repair these faults. If the battery is flat, you should recharge it. If this doesn't work, you should replace it. If the petrol tank is empty, fill it up. If the spark plugs are dirty, clean them, and if the gap in a spark plug is too narrow or too wide, adjust it to the correct width.

If your car still doesn't start, the petrol pump may be broken, or the fuel pipe may be blocked. If the pump is broken, it must be repaired or replaced. If the fuel pipe is blocked, take it off and unblock it.

If there is a loud CLICK! when you turn the key, the starter motor may be jammed. If it is, you can try to release it by pushing the car forwards and backwards (in 2nd gear). If the car still doesn't start, the starter motor should be repaired or replaced.

IV. .

1.Match these pictures with words from the passage:

 

 
 

2 Answer these questions:

(a) Youcheck the battery. It's flat. You try to recharge it. It's still flat. What do you do next?

(b) If the gap in a spark plug is too narrow, how do you adjust it'.' Do you widen it or make it narrower?

(c) How do you know that the starter motor might be-jammed? What do you hear?

(d) You push the car forwards and backwards, but the starter still doesn't work. What do you do now?

3. Make up question to the text. Act out a dialogue

"Finding a Fault in a Car"

I. Read the given Text.

II. Translate the following text "Finding a Fault in a Car".

III. Answer the following questions:

 

a) You cheek the battery. It's flat. You try to recharge. It is still Hat. What do you do next?

b) If the gap in a spark plug is too narrow, how do you adjust it? What do widen it or make it narrower?

c) How do you know that the starter motor might be jammed? What do you hear?

d) You push the car forwards and backwards, but the starter still doesn't work. What do You do now?

IV. Put different types of questions to one and the same sentence.

1. It is easy to repair these faults.

2. The petrol tank is empty.

3. The pump is broken, it must be repaired or replaced.

4. There is a loud click!

5. The car still doesn't start the starter motor should be repaired or replaced.

V. Translate these words and word-combinations into native language.

- Battery; fuel level; spark plugs; to recharge

- The battery is flat; the petrol tank is empty; fill it up; spark plugs, correct width; pump; fuel pipe; a loud click; a starter motor.

VI. Complete the following sentences:

1. It the battery is flat you should ... it.

2. It the petrol lank is empty. ... it up.

3. It the spark plugs are dirty. ... them.

 

4. It the pump is broken, it must be ... or ....

5. When you turn the key. the starter motor may be ... .

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