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The success of breeding schemes is measured by

...

A how good follow-up research is.

 B how well the crocodiles are kept.

 C how well the crocodiles know the difficult terrain of their habitat.

D how committed the Ministry is to the project.

       

II. Writing

Underline the correct form of the verb.

1.I know/am knowing this part of town quite well.

2.Amy has/is having very small feet.

3.We go/are going on holiday with my grandparents every summer.

4.My grandmother stays/is staying in my room this week so I sleep/am sleeping in the sitting-room.

5. Do you understand/Are you understanding my situation?

6.Can I phone you back in ten minutes? We have/are having breakfast at the moment.

7.These CDs belong/are belonging to my sister.

8.Have you seen Johns email? He has/is having a great time in Tokyo.

Examination Card #30


Your friend takes care of the environment very much. He / she doesnt want to spoil the environment during his / her holiday. Explain to him / her that he / she can choose eco-friendly holiday and what the eco-tourism is. Write about the following:

Eco-tourism doesnt cause environmental damage as building of new hotels, sports centres, new roads do.

Eco-tourism aims to help the locals who live in the area.


,

Examination Card #31

I. Reading

Read the text and choose the best answer (A, B, C or D) for the sentences (14).

Many of the serious health concerns in modern America can be linked to poor diet. People who regularly consume foods high in sodium, sugar, and saturated fats not only increase their chances of obesity, but also increase their risks of developing heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and several types of cancer.

Although some people who regularly consume unhealthy foods do so knowingly, there is also a significant portion of the population that remains undereducated about proper nutrition. What is more, individuals who live in food desertsareas in low-income neighbourhoods that lack easy access to healthy, affordable foodmay not even have the opportunity to obtain nutritious food. Although there have been some recent government efforts to reduce the number of food deserts, more community-based efforts should be encouraged and supported.

Food deserts are located in high-poverty areas, such as scarsely populated rural areas or densely populated, low-income urban centers. Major food retailer chains tend to limit their store locations to wealthier urban or suburban neighbourhoods. This means that those who live in high-poverty areas often also live miles away from the fresh meat, dairy products, and products available at supermarkets. Residents of these areas who do not have cars are thus forced to travel long distances on public transportation to do their grocery shopping, or else they are limited to the food available at local convenience stores and petrol stations. These types of food retailers often only sell packaged, processed foods that offer little nutritional value.

Furthermore, fast food restaurants are disproportionately concentrated in low-income areas; recent estimates suggest that those living in the poorest areas of a city experience 2.5 times more exposure to fast food restaurants than the wealthiest inhabitants of the city. Because individuals who live in food deserts tend to get their meals from fast food restaurants or convenience stores, they often suffer from a variety of health issues. Research has found that individuals who live in low-income neighbourhoods are much more likely to develop problems with

Examination Card #31


obesity, diabetes, and hypertension than those who live in more affluent neighbourhoods.

A solution to the problem of food deserts seems obvious: more supermarkets should be built in low income neighbourhoods. The problem with this solution of course, is that it is difficult to lure supermarket chains into poor areas. Because poorer people have less money to spend on food, supermarket chains do not consider them to be attractive customers.

Community gardens, independent food stores, co-ops, and farmers markets are all examples of local initiatives that can substitute for or supplement the opening of a major chain supermarket. Despite the time, dedication, and funds required for community members to initiate such programs, these efforts can be incredibly beneficial, not only in providing people with access to healthier foods, but also in instilling a sense of community in the residents of these neighbourhoods.

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