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The government of Denmark has found a way to motivate

Workers and non-workers.

0-G

An ambitious experiment was carried out in Denmark last year. The idea was to give employees a year off while unemployed people temporarily took their places at work. It worked so well that the government has decided to make this normal practice.

The point of the experiment was to help workers and non-workers alike. The workers are allowed time to relax, enjoy their children, or improve their skills while being sure of getting their job back when they return. It helps to reduce stress and allows them to learn something new so they return to work better and happier people. Non-workers or people who have been unemployed for a long time, get a chance to get back to work, at least for a while.

With high unemployment rates throughout Europe, many counries are studying this new programme with interest. The unemployed get a chance to re-enter the workforce, which gives them hope for the future. The temporary replacements aren't guaranteed jobs, but a company often finds room to keep them on.

Civil servant Ilse Hytting went yachting in the Mediterranean on her break. She wanted to learn something about different people in different countries. Her office found it difficult to replace someone with her qualifications, so a colleague took her job to make room for an unemployed person.

Another problem this programme deals with is parental or study leave in private businesses. Government employers can usually find replacements for their pregnant workers or workers who take time off to study, but private employers find this more difficult. This has been made easier as government funding helps companies find replacements.

People on leave receive the equivalent to the top rate of unemployment benefit (£300). Those on parental or study leave receive 70 percent of the benefit. The employer in all cases is free to pay more if he wishes.

The unemployment rate in Denmark has fallen, but critics say this is deceptive. The people who take over jobs temporarily are not counted as unemployed for that year. However, if they don't find a permanent position, they will become unemployed the next year. Thus, the programme may seem more effective in fighting unemployment than it really is.

3

21-24

6: The State System of the UK

6 , :

1: Making New Law: Bills and Acts. English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .115-116.

2: Task 11. English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .117-118.

3. Parliament of the United Kingdom: http//www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_of_the_UK

 

1: Making New Law: Bills and Acts. English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .115-116.

1. , .

2. .

3. 10-15 .

 

2: Task 11. English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .117-118.

1. .

2. .

3. .

4. .

 

3: Parliament of the United Kingdom

http//www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_of_the_United_ Kingdom

1. .

2. .

3. .

4. 10-15 .

 

1. , .

1. Have you seen this wonderful performance last Sunday?

A B C D

2. Have you hearfrom your friend for the last two months?

A B C D

3. Have youeverbe to the United States of America?

A B C D

4. I have justdid it myselfbelieve me.

A B C D

5. You have already beginworkinghard.

A B C D

6. We havevisitan interesting picture gallery today.

A B C D

7. Have you receive any letters from your pen-friend since last week?

A B C D

8. Whether you hasmet him or not, I cannot remember.

A B C D

9. I want to get married, but I dont meet the right person yet.

A B C D

10. I saw the movie three times, and now I wantto see it again.

A B C D

2. , .

1. She has this engineer since she began to work at the plant.

a) know b) knew c) known

2. They havent yet to the Crimea.

a) go b) went c) gone

3. We have already them our school museum.

a) show b) showed c) shown

4. The children have their homework. They can go to the cinema.

a) do b) did c) done

5. Have you the film?

a) see b) saw c) seen

6. I this doctor for 5 years.

a) know b) knew c) have known

 

3. , .

1. She in the open air last summer.

a) slept b) has slept

2. Tom cant find his pen. He it.

a) lost b) has lost

3. The director the order yesterday.

a) signed b) has signed

4. The teacher a new grammar rule this week.

a) explained b) has explained

5. The students two English books in the original lately.

a) read b) have read

6. Alec back today.

a) came b) has come

 

4. .

1. ³  .

a) He didnt finish his work yet.

b) He hadnt finished his work yet.

c) He hasnt finished his work yet.

d) He wasnt finished his work yet.

 

2. .

a) I knew him three years.

b) I had known him for three years.

c) I have known him for three years.

d) I know him for three years.

 

3. .

a) I have seen him just.

b) I saw just him.

c) I had just seen him.

d) I have just seen him.

4. .

a) She doesnt receive a letter from him this week.

b) She hadnt received a letter from him this week.

c) She wasnt received a letter from him this week.

d) She hasnt received a letter from him this week.

 

5. .

a) I have not written the exercise yet.

b) I did not write the exercise yet.

c) I do not write the exercise yet.

d) I had not written the exercise yet.

 

6. , .

a) I remembered the telephone number when I had left the house.

b) I have remembered the telephone number when I left the house.

c) I remembered the telephone number when I left the house.

d) I had remembered the telephone number when I left the house.

1. Members of Parliament in Great Britain .., .., . Just English. : / .. , .. -, .., ... .: , 1997. .200. 3,4 (.52-53).

 

 

7: Legal Professions in Great Britain

7 , :

1: Solicitors in Private Practice.English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .144.

2: Judges. English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .144.

1: Solicitors in Private Practice.English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .144.

1. . .

2. . .

 

2: Judges. English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .144.

1. .

2. .

3. .

4. 10-15 .

1. , 䳺 Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous.

1. I (make) cakes for the party all morning. How many cakes you (make)? I (make) 200.

2. That boy (eat) seven ice-creams.

3. What you (do)? We (pick) apples. How many you (pick)? We (pick) ten baskets.

4. What a lovely smell! Mary (make) jam.

5. I (polish) this table all morning and my mother isnt satisfied with it yet.

6. Why you (be) so long in the garage? The tyres were flat; I (pump) them up. I (pump) up three tyres. Would you like to do the fourth?

7. You (hear) the news? Tom and Ann are engaged! - Thats not new. I (know) it for ages.

8. Peter, you (whisper) to the student on your right for the last five minutes. You (help) him with his exam paper or he (help) you?

9. Why you (make) such a horrible noise? I (lose) my key and I (try) to wake my wife by throwing stones at her window. You (throw) stones at the wrong window. You live next door.

10. Why you (not bring) me the letters for signature? You (not type) them yet?

11. She just (sell) two of her of her own paintings. Shes lucky. I (paint) for five years and I (not sell) a single picture yet.

 

1. .

1)In six months he to read English newspapers.

a) can b) must c) will be able d) should

2. You be ready to answer all my questions.

a) need b) must c) ought d) have

3. She to look up the words in the dictionary.

a) will b) may c) must d) had

4. You to get the necessary books.

a) must b) will have c) can d) may

5. You to speak to your English teacher.

a) could b) must c) may d) will have

6. I to meet my brother at the station.

a) can b) should c) may d) have

7. I to come to the examination at 9 oclock.

a) can b) was c) must d) may

8. Which of your students to take part in the concert?

a) can b) may c) will be able d) should

9. However hard I tried, I finish the work in time.

a) cant b) mustnt c) couldnt d) may not

 

3. .

1. We watch them playing football.

a) could b) must c) have d) are

2. I am glad that I help him.

a) have b) could c) ought d) need

3. We wait for her any longer.

a) can b) must c) cant d) should

4. you start working immediately?

a) Have b) Can c) May d) Ought

5. She play tennis in her youth, couldnt she?

a) needed b) had to c) could d) might

6. We use the definite article with this noun, can we?

a) can b) must c) may d) cant

7. His son be out after nine oclock, can he?

a) cant b) mustnt c) neednt d) shouldnt

8. Which of your students to work as an interpreter?

a) must b) will be able c) could d) should

9. she still be speaking to her English teacher?

a) Should b) Can c) Ought d) Has

10. they be waiting for someone?

a) Can b) Must be c) Ought d) Has


The History of Solicitors (English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .144) .

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