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Thieves Feel the Bumblebee Sting

At the time, Operation Bumblebee seemed like another police publicity stunt. Even the slogans - "put the sting on burglars" - seemed glib and unconvincing. 0 - E But more than a year later, it is beginning to look as if the Metropolitan Police may be making some headway against the flood of break-ins which had become virtually part of everyday life in the capital. Figures produced in the summer showed that the number of homes broken into between June 1983 and April 1994 had fallen by 16 percent to 98,563. The number of burglaries where the culprit had been caught had risen from 11.7 percent to 16.2 percent. Still woefully high and woefully low respectively, but at last things seem to be moving in the right direction.

16 - Bumblebee was initially a local operation in certain parts of London where crime was at its worst. Partly propaganda - the public was urged to stop criminals by "buzzing the bee line", it also saw the police going on the offensive with a series of spectacular mass raids on the homes of suspected burglars and fences. 17 - In June last year, the new Metropolitan Police Commissioner, Paul Condon, announced that Bumblebee was going across the entire capital. The campaign, he said, was the police response to the public's belief that burglary had become almost an epidemic. "London is lighting back." he warned.

The massive raids continued, netting millions of pounds in stolen property and leading to hundreds of arrests. Yet the police believe that their quietly insistent message on crime prevention is what is making the largest contribution.

Scotland Yard estimates that a third of all burglaries are what they call a "walk-in" job. A door or window is left unlocked or open, and a passing thief grabs the opportunity. 18 - Make sure that you don't leave a ladder in the garden. Get decent locks on the doors and windows and an exterior light triggered by a movement sensor all back of the house.

Scotland Yard has also gone to great length to improve its intelligence gathering. "The traditional gentleman burglar is a thing of the past, says a spokesman. "Most are between 17 and 30 years old and living within three miles of their victims; 80 per cent of those we arrest are unemployed."

19 - It may not be as dramatic (or exciting) as an armed robbery, but it has a corrosive effect on the lives of hundreds of thousand people every year. Forensic science techniques previously reserved for major crimes are used whenever possible. 20 - Previously people might have felt that the police regarded a break-in as just one of those things". Millions of pounds in stolen property has been recovered (the rest has usually been sold in pubs and car boot sales). 21 - In most cases, insurance has replaced what has been lost, and people cannot be bothered to attend. That is part of the modem culture of burglary, and most items will eventually be auctioned, with the proceeds going to the government.

 

A. Bumblebee also recognises what most people have felt for years, that burglary is the crime which most people fear.

  1. And, to may peoples surprise, it began to produce results.
  2. So great is the volume, that the police have set up road shows where victims can search for their property.
  3. If you are prepared to invest several hundred pounds, fit a burglar alarm.
  4. Londoners had seen it all before and knew anyway that bumblebees are pretty harmless.
  5. Householders can now expect a visit from a finger-print expert as a matter of routine.
  6. A few simple steps could reduce the risk.
  7. Translated into human terms, the figures mean that 1,500 fewer homes are burgled.

 

18. Types of Crimes.

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1: Capital Punishment: For and Against. English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .290-291.

 

1: Capital Punishment: For and Against. English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .290-291.

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1. 3, 4, 5. English for Lawyers: / . : , 2009. .295.

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Who's The Criminal?

Broward Circuit Judge Mark Speiser has twice jailed women who filed sexual assault charges for refusing to testify against the alleged assailants. Judge Speiser defends his actions, saying that one instance was a mistake by the correctional staff and in the other case the woman lied in court. In June, 1989, a 22-year-old woman spent 6 days in jail because she did not want to testify in court against the stranger who allegedly kidnapped and raped her. When she did not show up for court hearings, Speiser issued a warrant for her detention. Jailers, following orders, kept her in custody when she was brought to the Broward County Jail. The judge contends that he intended her to be brought to his courtroom, but there was a mix-up.

A 27-year-old woman had a similar experience. She filed charges against a former boyfriend and another man for rape and kidnapping but later said it was a domestic dispute. Despite her signing a "waiver of prosecution," police felt the assault had occurred and pursued the case. The assistant state attorney agreed. At the bail hearing, the victim testified on behalf of the accused. Judge Speiser ordered her jailed. Prosecutor Tim Donnelly opposed sending her to jail. However, Judge Speiser later explained that he "wanted her to think about this right then and there, to reflect upon the trauma of that incident and tell the truth. The problem from the state's vantage point was that after she came in and lied under oath, their case was shot. If, in fact, the rape didn't occur, and she lied, I wanted her to remember this experience in court."

The terrified victim was taken away in handcuffs to spend the night in jail. The next day she again appeared before the judge. She admitted lying because she was afraid of the assailants' families who were in the courtroom. The men in the second case eventually received 1-year suspended sentences for attempted rape. A description of the outcome of the first case can be found in Chapter 10, THE JURY DECIDES ON A RAPE CASE.

Should judges have the authority to jail victims who do not want to testify? Should victims be required to press charges in rape cases? Should victims be required to press charges against people with whom they have an ongoing relationship?

 

1

1. The importance of English in future profession.

2. Practical advices how to master a foreign language.

3. Learning and living facilities of Khmelnytsky University of

4. Management and Law.

5. Your future profession.

6. Prove that it is the right road you to take.

7. Types of legal professions in Ukraine.

8. Struggle against criminal phenomena.

9. What does a person need to qualify as a lawyer in Ukraine?

2

1. Structure of the fundamental law of Ukraine.

2. State Symbols of Ukraine.

3. Privileges and restrictions under the Constitution.

4. The rights of Ukrainian people.

5. Duties of the citizens of Ukraine.

6. Branches of State power.

7. President of Ukraine as the main guarantor of the Constitution.

8. Verkhovna Rada the only body of the legislative branch in Ukraine.

9. Fulfilment of the executive power.

10. Justice in Ukraine.

3

1. The role of the monarchy in Great Britain.

2. The election company in the UK.

3. Two-chamber parliament.

4. Need for Lords.

5. Types of legal professions in Great Britain.

6. Barristers as the experts in the interpretation of the law.

7. The ways how barristers earn their living.

8. The role of the solicitor.

9. Functions of the solicitors.

 

4

1. The USA as a federative republic.

2. Functions of the President of the country.

3. Election of the President and Vice-president in the US.

4. Introduction of a Bill.

5. Three Readings of a Bill.

6. The work of the Committees.

7. The right to veto.

 

5

  1. Justice in Ukraine.
  2. Types of courts in Ukraine and cases they deal with.
  3. The Supreme Court of Ukraine.
  4. The Constitutional Court of Ukraine.
  5. Judicial system of the USA.
  6. Types of courts in the USA and cases they deal with.
  7. The importance of the US Supreme Court.
  8. Judges responsibility.
  9. The problems of judicial power at present.
  10. Judicial system of Great Britain.
  11. Types of courts in Great Britain and cases they deal with.

12. The role of the House of Lords.

6

1. Definition of the law.

2. Main functions of the law.

3. Substantive and procedural laws.

4. Criminal and civil laws.

5. Main subdivisions of civil law.

6. Types of law in Ukraine.

7. The History of English Law.

8. The Sources of English Law.

9. Common Law as Judgemade Law.

10. Equity.

11. The Role of Precedent.

12. The European Systems of Law.

13. Accusatorial and Inquisitorial Court Procedure

7

1. Definition of International law.

2. Sphere of influence.

3. Structure of International Law.

4. Sources of International Law.

5. The types and role of international organizations.

6. From the history of the UNO.

7. The agencies of the UNO.

8. International Court of Justice as the main judicial court of the UNO.

9. The composition of the ICJ. The tasks of the ICJ.

8

  1. Definition of the crime.
  2. Different classifications of crimes.
  3. Punishment should be fit for the crime.
  4. Felonies and misdemeanors.
  5. Crimes which are labeled as mala in se and mala prohibita.

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