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III. Read the following and speak about the reasons for travelling

People like to travel Usually they travel

- alone - on business

- with friends - for pleasure

- with parents - in search of adventures

3. The British enjoy reading newspapers.

4. They can buy newspapers only at the post-office.

5. Street vendors are good psychologists.

6. Quality newspapers concentrate on sensations and scandals.

7. Tabloids are thin newspapers consisting of 2 pages.

8. There are few photos in quality papers.

9. Supplements to the newspapers are very bright with a lot of pictures.

10. All the newspapers carry o lot of advertisements.

11. Many newspapers keep their most shocking information until Sunday.

12. People are not used to subscribing to newspapers in Britain.

 

American Press.

 

There is no real national press in the USA as there are more than 85 newspapers published in 34 languages. There exist two main groups of newspapers: qualities and populars. Only 2 or 3 newspapers with the largest circulation tell their readers about some rumours or crimes. Quality newspapers contain only reliable serious information. They may also publish cartoons. The Wall Street Journal, the New York Daily News, the USA Today, The New York Times have the largest circulation among the daily newspapers. The main function of press in America is to give objective information. The materials should be given in full volume and newspapers should give floor to all possible facts and opinions. There is also no secret information for the press. The information is usually taken from the News Agencies. The largest and most famous of them are: Associated Press (AP) and United Press International (UPI). There also exist about 122 domestic and foreign news bureaus in the USA. There are over 4000 monthly and 1300 weekly magazines in the USA. Among them are: National Geographic, Readers Digest, Cosmopolitan, Time, Vogue and others.

 

Sentences for discussion:

 

-- Governments should control the press to avoid publishing offensive information.

-- The media should respect famous peoples privacy. Do you agree with it?

-- Readers have the right to know everything about famous people. Celebrities shouldnt complain when paparazzi follow them.

 

- with a dog - out of curiosity

- with grandparents - to see the beauty of the world

 

When they travel they like to Because traveling is ---- go shopping - exciting

- meet new people -useful

- make new friends -fascinating

- go sightseeing -enjoyable

-learn about traditions of other countries - good for health

 

But sometimes travelling can be And still travelling

- disappointing - broadens our mind/outlook

- expensive - gives us life experience

- dangerous - leaves unforgettable impressions

- troublesome - helps us explore the world

- tiring - allows us to understand other people better.

 

IV. Answer the questions starting with the words: As for me, As far as I know, I am not sure, but I think, and then turn to your partner with the question: And what is your idea? Do you agree with me? And what about you?

 

  1. What is more convenient: to travel by plane or by train?
  2. Do you take a lot of luggage with you?
  3. Is it difficult to get a ticket?
  4. Do you take food with you or do you like to have meals in the dining-car?
  5. Is it convenient to use left-luggage room?
  6. Do you come to the railway station beforehand or just a few minutes before the train is leaving?
Left-wing Right-wing Middle-of-the-road
Popular:Daily Mirror Popular:The Sun; The Telegraph; The Times Popular:Today
Quality:Morning Star Quality:The Daily Mail, The Daily Express Quality:The Guardian

 

Apart from these there are very many regional local newspapers.

A feature of many urban street corners is the newspaper stand, where passers-by can buy a local or evening newspaper. The street vendors often shout out dramatic headlines from the papers to attract buyers. Street stalls are not so common in small towns or villages, where the newspapers are either delivered to those who have subscribed to them or can be bought from newsagents.

There are also Sunday papers in Great Britain. Popular Sunday papers were first published in the 19th century and were aimed at people, who could not afford more expensive daily papers. Almost all the papers published in Britain on Sundays are national ones. The quality Sunday papers devote large sections to literature and arts, business and sport, and have long feature articles which explore specific subjects in depth. Sunday papers are traditionally very popular with the British. They can mostly be described like their daily equivalents thus, The Mail on Sunday is similar to The Daily Mail only bigger. The quality Sundays such as The Sunday Times or The Observer are enormous and can easily take the whole day to read! There are different sections so members of the family can divide the whole thing into smaller parts to read. There are colour supplements, which are highly illustrated magazines with a few stories and a great many advertisements, and then news, business, finance and arts sections too.

The popular press keeps their very best and juiciest scandal stories about models, pop stars, politicians or the Royal Family until Sunday, when more people have more time to read them.

The idea of the democratic press is rather controversial in British. Sixteen London newspapers are owned by five groups of proprietors. These groups also own a large number of provincial newspapers. The owners of these newspapers have an almost unlimited power to form the opinion of the reading public.

 

State whether the following sentences are true or false.

1. The press in Great Britain is truly democratic.

2. There are newspapers of the national and local circulation.

  1. Have you ever been late for your train?

 

Lesson 5.

 

Topic: Travelling.

 

Active Vocabulary

Quay,

to moor

gangway

deck

forward

aft

amidship

harbour,

to be sea-sick

I. Read and translate the following text.

A Sea Voyage

 

If you are on holiday and spend it by a sea, it is a pleasure for you to go on a voyage. All you have to do is to book the tickets in advance. Of course, you want a separate cabin for your family, and you ask for a first class cabin with the berths to be reserved for your family. On the day of your departure all your family comes to the quay because the ship you want to take is moored there. The passengers go up the gangway onto the deck; they try to find their cabins. Some cabins are aft, some are forward or amidships. After finding your cabin you are happy to settle down in it. But if you want to breath the sea air and look at the busy traffic of the harbour, you may come out on deck. Soon the steamer leaves the port and goes out towards the open sea. It sails at a high speed, and if the sea is rough, the ship pitches and rolls. There is one thing you have got to bear in mind when you are on board the ship. Some people can not stand traveling by sea because they get sea-sick. And if you have no problems with your health, you will enjoy traveling. You feel the

- unemployed people; - holiday-makers.

- middle class people;

I believe would read the information about

people would read

The British Press.

 

In Britain there are currently 13 national daily papers, 10 Sunday papers, 60 regional evening papers and 10 regional morning papers. There are also 100 of weekly local papers.

British national newspapers can be classified in several different ways: by taste, that is saying which are the so-called popular papers, and which are so-called quality ones; or by political opinions, that is saying which ones are left-wing, which are right-wing and which are Liberal or independent or middle-of-the-road; or by format, that is, saying whether or not they are tabloids (short and fat).

The term quality press is used to describe papers which were mainly founded before 1896 or which follow the tradition of the journals of the 18th-19th centuries. They contain political, industrial and cultural news and devote pages to financial matters and international news.

Quality papers appeal to the more serious reader, who wants to read about politics and foreign affairs. These papers, such as The Daily Telegraph, The Times, and The Guardian are bigger in size, with long articles and a wider coverage of events. They have different pages for home news, foreign affairs, feature articles, fashion, business and so on.

The popular papers are smaller in size with lots of pictures, big headlines and short articles. They are easy to read and often contain little real information, sometimes they give more space to opinions than to news.

Generally speaking the tabloids are the most popular papers; they contain more pictures including half-naked women and cuddly () animals and the stories are shorter, less serious and more sensational. They usually have human interest stories, stories about ordinary people and events, which are included because they are amusing or odd.

A rough guide to Britains national newspapers could be as follows:

 

 

deck of your steamer under your feet; you see the waves rising and falling; you feel fresh sea water drops flying and splashing in your face; you hear sea gulls crying out their song of joy and freedom. Thus, if you are a romantic soul by nature you are sure to like it.

II. Agree or disagree. Give reasons for your answer.

1.The idea of cycling holidays comes only to young people. Older people are not enthusiastic.

2.Travelling to another country is a very pleasant thing even if you do not know the language of this country.

3.You always discover something new when you are travelling.

4.People travel to enjoy the beauty of nature and to see places of cultural and historic interest.

 

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