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IV). The control of reading.

1. A computer is a kind of ..

a. a counting machine

b. a typewriter

c. a table game

d. a TV set.

2. A computer could be used to..

a. play games

b. solve difficult problems

c. cook meals

d. save money.

3. The text tells us about special-purpose computers and

a. all-purpose computers

b. calculators

c. general-purpose computers

d. ordinary computers.

4. There are. most important parts in general-purpose computer

a. very many

b. five

c. two

d. ten.

5. The smaller the computer, the. it can work.

a. more effectively

b. slower

At the Hotel

 

While travelling it is better to reserve rooms in advance. As soon as you are through the customs you take a taxi to a hotel. When the taxi rolls up to the curb the doorman will open the door of the taxi and remove your luggage. In many hotels the doorman calls one of the porters who takes your luggage and shows you the way to the desk-clerk. The desk-clerk will ask you to register, he will hand you an arrival card to fill it in. After all formalities are over the porter will show you up to your room. He unlocks the door and turns on the light. If you require nothing else the porter is dismissed with a tip.

When going out you are asked to leave your keys at the desk. All the keys are hung on a special key-rack. Whenever you ask for your key, the desk-clerk looks into the pigeon-hole under your number for post. If there is any post he will let you have it with your key.

In the lobby you will usually find a newspaper-stall and stalls where cigarettes, sweets and souvenirs are sold. You can also find a special corner or room to write letters. First-class hotels supply their guests with hotel stationary free of charge. Many hotels have special weekly and monthly rates, so it is cheaply to pay by the week or by the month than by the day. You will find rooms with or without baths, single rooms, double rooms and suites consisting of 2 or more rooms. Guests are asked to warn the clerk in advance when checking out, so that he can have the bill ready for them in time.

 

II. Read the dialogues and act them out.

-Hello. Can I help you?

- Hello. We need a double room for three nights.

-Yes, we have two double rooms, on the 11th and 15th floor, facing the yard. Which would you prefer?

-Its all the same with me. Maybe my wife would like to choose. What do you think, darling?

- 11th sounds okay with me, if you dont mind.

-Sure. Then let it be on the 11th floor.

-All right. Will you, please fill in these forms?

-Certainly.

- How long are you going to stay here?

-About a week or so.

 

A computer is really a very specific kind of a counting machine. It can solve mathematical problems faster than any person alive. By means of electric processes it can find the answer to a very difficult and complicated question in a few seconds.

A computer can remember information you give it. It keeps the information in its memory until it is needed.

There are different kinds of computers. Some of them can do only one kind of job. These are special-purpose computers. Each specific problem requires a specific computer. One kind of a computer can help us build a spaceship, an other kind can help us navigate it. A special-purpose computer is built for this purpose alone and cannot do anything else.

But there are some computers that can do many different jobs. They are called the general-purpose computers. These are the big brains that solve the most difficult problems of science.

We used to think of a computer as a large machine that took up a whole room. But today computers are becoming smaller and smaller. Though these small devices are called microcomputers or minicomputers, they are still true computers.

The most important parts of a general-purpose computer are as follows: 1) memory, where information is kept; 2) an arithmetic unit for performing calculations; 3) a control unit for the correct order of operations; 4) input devices; 5) output devices for displaying the results of calculations. The input and output devices are called peripherals.

There are several advantages in making computers as small as one can. Sometimes weight is particularly important. A modern plane carries many heavy electronic apparatus. If it is possible to make any of them smaller, it can carry a bigger weight. But weight is not the only factor. The smaller the computer, the faster it can work. The signals go to and from at a very high but almost constant speed.

Some of the first computers cost millions of dollars, but people quickly learned that it was cheaper to let a million dollar computer make the necessary calculations than to have a hundred clerks trying to do the same by hand. Scientists found that computers made fewer mistakes and could fulfill the tasks much faster than almost any number of people using usual methods.

-Fine. The bellboy will show you to your room. Here are the keys. Dont worry about the suitcases. Leave them in the lobby. The porter will help with the luggage.

**

-Im leaving tomorrow. Get my bill ready, please.

-Certainly. It will be ready in due time.

-And when must I vacate the room?

-It must be vacated before the lunch time.

-All right. And call me up at 8 in the morning. Id like my early morning tea and a newspaper, please.

-Certainly, sir.

 

 

III. Complete the following dialogue:

Clerk: Good morning, sir. Can I help you?

You: (, , )

Clerk: Im sorry, sir. Im afraid we have no rooms with a shower available at the moment.

You: ( , )

Clerk: Let me see Yes, there are some rooms.

You: ( )

Clerk: 20 pounds a night.

You: (, )

Clerk: Im afraid not. Its the cheapest.

You: ( )

Clerk: You may try the Northern Star Hotel. Its near the station in Davies Street.

You: ( )

 

IV. Fill in the blanks with the necessary words in brackets:

1. I have got (a reservation, a manager, a hotel) 2. Let the hotel know well in advance the day and time of your departure (room, key, manager). 3. The clerk says he can give me on the third floor (a confirmation, a porter, a room). 4. I ask the hotel to carry my luggage to the room (form, register,

latest images from outer space, go shopping, and get travel information on hotels and holidays.

Usenet is a collection of newsgroups covering any topic. Each newsgroup consists of messages and information posted by other users. There are more than 10,000 newsgroups and they are popular with universities and businesses.

Telnet programs allow you to use your personal computer to access a powerful mainframe computer.

 

I) Put questions to the text

III. Put the Infinitives in brackets in Indefinite, Continuous or Perfect Tenses in the Active Voice. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian:

 

1. A computer (to store) information which it (to receive). 2. When I (to come) into the room my friend (to compile) a program. 3. When you (to came) to the laboratory I (to show) you how to calculate by using computer. 4. You (to solve) this algebraic problem and I (to compare) my results with yours. 5. When a computer (to do) reasonable operations it (to compute) or (to calculate). 6. The electronic computer just (to perform) its calculations. 7. They (to do) many operations on the computer. 8. When you come back (to perform) computing operations. 9. Owing to the computer we (to process) a great deal of information. 10. They (to write) a program for the computer by the end of the month. 11. I (to compile) a program for two hours when the lecturer came into the laboratory. 12. This equation seems to have no solutions. We (to perform) calculations for an hour. 13. She (to discuss) some questions with her instructor now. 14. Before the design (to be) ready they (to work) on it for 3 hours.

 

Text for reading.

Computers.

 

porter). 5. When travelling people almost stay at the (laundry, luggage, hotel).

 

V. Translate into English:

1. , ? 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. . 6. . 7. ? 8. .

 

VI. Answer the following questions:

1. Have you ever stayed at a hotel? 2. What kind of room were you in? 3. What facilities do you generally find in a hotel? 4. What do you do first of all when you arrive at a hotel? 5. Which is the best hotel in your town? 6. What does the chambermaid do in a hotel? 7. What kind of service may you ask for by telephone in large hotels?

 

 

Lesson 10.

 

Topic: At the Hotel.

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