The Past Indefinite. Irregular Verbs.

My Working Day

Read after your teacher the past forms and complete the table.

Past tense ed
Occur, dress, want, start, collect, realize, chat, injure, wash, walk, dance, search, kill, use, shout, influence, open, establish, belong, play, describe, settle, learn, compensate, type, print, attempt, listen, drop, watch, protect.
/id/ /t/ /d/
  (voiceless) (voiced / vowel)

Complete the table.

Irregular verbs

past simple infinitive
ate bought came cost drank drove flew had left saw took went ... speak send tell think write read say

Make a poster of irregular verbs.

am/is was, are were, have/has had, go went, get got, see saw, hear heard, eat ate, drink drank, take took, buy bought, bring brought, find found, give gave, know knew, leave left, lose lost, meet met, speak spoke, spend spent, drive drove, come came, make made, write wrote, read read, sit sat, do did.

Repeat after your teacher.

I/we/my friend, etc.   read that novel, returned the book, finished school, graduated from university, saw them in the street, was/were at home, discussed the film, went to the opera, received a letter, arrived in Lviv, left for Rome, invited them to the party, translated the article, came home by bus/by underground, began to learn English, forgot to tell you about it, spent my/his etc. holidays in the country, met you someplace, got an email from her, brought an interesting book, drove me to Poltava, took us to the airport, slipped from the meeting, finished medical college, married a rich man, rang you up, made a 4-day coach tour of Poland last year yersterday three years ago in 2002 on Sunday the day before yesterday the other day when I was at my parents

Now put the sentences into the present simple.

5. Make up true sentences using:I / my friend yesterday, last week, two years ago, in 2008, last Monday.

6. Put the sentences in the past tense with the word yesterday.

1. Bill runs a mile every day. 2. Mei-Li often drives her grandmother to the mall. 3. Maria catches the 8:45 train to the city every day. 4. I sometimes take a taxi home from the train station. 5. Tom often falls when he rides his bike.

Refer the following sentences to the past.

1. My mum works at school (last year). 2. She doesnt leave her place early (yesterday). 3. He has lunch at his office (an hour ago). 4. We spend most of our time outdoors (last Sunday). 5. Jim watches TV every day (last night). 6. We do our domestic chores in the evening (yesterday). 7. I go to English classes twice a week (last winter). 8. On our days off we often go to the cinema (last week). 9. She usually gets to work by bus (last month). 10. Sam often skips his school (last week).

8. Make true past sentences about yourselves.

- yesterday evening

- last Saturday

- a week ago

9. Make sentences using: was ago.

1. Today is Thursday. (Monday) 2. Its November. (October) 3. This year. (2001) 4. Its Friday. (last Friday) 5. Today is Thursday. (Wednesday) 6. This month. (May)

10. Listen and make questions to the sentences using: Did he/she/it/they really ?

1. She spent a year in the USA. 2. It took me an hour to get here. 3. He taught history at the university. 4. Yesterday Walter bought a new cell-phone. 5. They decided to sell their apartment. 6. Last year this student won a maths competition. 7. Jerry used to jog every morning. 8. When he was younger he used to go clubbing. 9. The team lost the game. 10. The parliament adopted a new law.

Now disagree with the sentences using: Im afraid you are wrong. He/she/it did not .

Make special questions.

1. He went home. 2. She told me to wait. 3. I made a mistake. 4. The kid broke the window. 5. The secretary opened the document. 6. He spoke English. 7. My boss bought a new car. 8. She found her disk. 9. Mary came late. 10. He knew the answer.

Translate into English.

1. (last night)? . 2. ? , . 3. ? , . 4. ? . 5. ? (to go on a trip to) . 6. , , (assignment in English).

13. Take turns to make sentences using: When I was younger, I used to ... .

your home your friends your family your hairstyle your character your studies your clothes your holidays your hobbies and interests

Now make the past simple sentences into used to-sentences.

1. Five years ago my hair was long. 2. Last year I went dancing. 3. Three years ago I travelled a lot. 4. Last summer I spent my holidays in Crimea. 5. I cycled to college yesterday. 6. The other day I met up with my friends.

Use the text to write a short summary of your family background.

My grandfather was a market gardener in Ireland. He grew flowers, fruit and vegetables, and sold them in the market every day. He worked hard all his life, and when he died, his son (now my uncle) and daughter (my mother) inherited a large house and garden. They carried on the business together until my mother met my father. They got married, moved to England, and I was born two years later. They didnt have any more children, so I am an only child.

15. Rephrase the past simple using to decide.

1. After lunch we took a walk. 2. After work I went swimming. 3. After classes the students did their homework. 4. After supper he went to bed. 5. After the war the soldier stayed in France. 6. After midnight the army started an attack. 7. After he left Germany, he changed his name. 8. After school Mackay worked in a restaurant.

Describe your last summer holidays.

to spend to try to travel to to study for to have

Use the ideas to make sentences about your working day.

My working day usually begins ... . I have to get up early because ... . After getting up I ... . People say breakfast should be the most substantial meal of the day, but I ... .

I leave my place ... . It takes me ... to get to college.

My classes start ... . We have ... every day. The classes are over ... . After lunch I ... and ... . Before going to bed I ... .

18. Read the text and underline the sequencing words (First, , etc.). What do you think the mans job is? Use the sequencing words to retell the text. Then write a paragraph about your fathers daily routine.

My dad gets up every day at 4.00am. First he has a shower and puts on his uniform. Then he goes downstairs and has breakfast. He always has a cooked breakfast with bacon, eggs, sausages and beans! Next he checks his bike and makes sure there are no problems. After that, he cycles to work and sorts everything for the day. Finally, he cycles round lots of houses and delivers things to people.

Use appropriate verbs to complete this story about Janes day.

Yesterday Jane __________ up at 7:00. She __________ an apple and __________ a cup of tea.. She ___________ a newspaper, and the she __________ in her car and ___________ to work. At work she ___________ some letters. At lunchtime she ___________ in the park for half an hour, and then she ___________ a sandwich. After lunch she ___________ at her desk again and ___________ some telephone calls. In the evening she __________ the office at 6:00 and __________ some Japanese visitors. They __________ to a restaurant together . After a busy day, Jane __________very well.

20. Translate the sentences using to shake (off).

1. , , . 2. ³ . 3. . 4. . 5. . 6.  .

Listen and correct your teacher.

1. Yesterday I write a letter. 2. Last week he doesnt go to college. 3. Last summer my family travel to the seaside resort. 4. Three years ago I go to school. 5. In the previous lesson, she dont answer well.

Use the table to make a telephone conversation.

Travel agent Client
- introduce yourself and offer your help - be enthusiastic: Thats a very good time for - get all the necessary information: Can I have ? - check the details: Just let me - thank the client and wish him/her a good holiday. - dates - accommodation - rates?

Read the text, pick out functional expressions and retell it.


'Christmas is coming, the goose is getting fat!'

Christmas is the biggest festival in Britain and is celebrated on 25th December. The four weeks before Christmas are called Advent, and are traditionally celebrated in churches by lighting a candle each Sunday during Advent. Nowadays, many people in Britain are not very religious, but they still celebrate Christmas. But watch out - the preparations begin long before Advent. In fact, as early as September or October, you start to see signs that Christmas is on the way.

The first places to tell us that we should be thinking about Christmas are the shops. People in Britain spend on average over £600 (around $1000) per person on Christmas every year, and the shops encourage people to spend more and more. Shops put up Christmas decorations and play cheesy Christmas songs or carols; and some shop workers wear Christmas hats. Some big shops on Regent Street and Oxford Street in London create wonderful displays in their windows with moving characters, falling snow, colourful lights and music.

So what do people buy in preparation for Christmas? Well, Christmas decorations; Christmas cards to send to your friends and relatives; presents for your loved ones and wrapping paper to wrap them up with. And of course food! Apart from the special Christmas dinner of roast turkey or goose, people buy lots of chocolates, nuts and snacks for everyone to enjoy.

But the children are the most excited that Christmas is coming. They start making lists of presents they would like, and give them to their parents, or send them to Santa Claus. In December, they can also open their Advent calendars. Advent calendars are a way of counting down to Christmas. They have a window to open for every day from 1st - 24th December (Christmas Eve).

A basic Advent calendar has a Christmassy picture behind each window, but the children's favourite is usually a chocolate Advent calendar, with a chocolate for every day of the month. It's a great buildup to the overeating that goes on at Christmas!

24. Listen to the sentences and write 1 if you hear the past form of a verb and 2 if it is a verb + it.

Script Answer
1. I dont know what they corrected.  
2. Please try to correct it.  
3. They started at once.  
4. Please, start it at once.  
5. I dont know what they wanted.  
6. Well, take it if you want it.  
7. Id like to see the machine they invented.  
8. Its naive to expect it.  
9. What is it they expected?  
10. Divide it into three equal parts.  
11. I dont like the people you invited.  

Write your opinion.

Practice is the best of all instructors.

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