Summary Completion. Complete the summary with words from the box.

bright by hugely obvious off online swap up with

Instant Messaging, or IM, means using a program that tells you when a friend is ____________so you can message them instantly, and they can reply. IM is ____________popular in the USA and is starting to take ____________in the UK. 3,000 people are signing ____________ to MSN Messenger every day. AIM and ICQ are the two most popular systems. They are both owned ____________AOL. These two systems have almost 350 million users. The good points of IM are ____________, but there is one disadvantage. You can only communicate with someone who is using the same program. However, the future looks ____________for IM. Some systems let you have voice conversations, see each other using webcams, and ____________ pictures and music. IM also has its own language. You can use 'ASL' to find out how old someone is, if they are a man or a woman, and where they are. You can use 'LOL', meaning laugh out loud, if someone comes out ____________something funny, and 'CU L8er', for see you later, or goodbye.


Visual English

Get tested by your teacher using a headover projector.








Tasks and questions

1. How do you make your initial judgments of people before you speak to them?

2. What do you think about:

a) a man who wears an earring in one ear?

b) a woman who wears heavy make-up?

c) a man with long hair?

d) a woman with an earring in her nose?

e) a man with a beard or mustache?

3. The first time I met he / she was so

4. How important is physical attractiveness?

5. Why do people wear make-up?

6. Write your arguments for and against the following:

I would / I would never in a street, because .

a. Look at myself in a shop window.

b. Shout at or argue with my partner.

c. Eat while walking along.

d. Kiss my partner.

e. Spit.

f. Cry.

7. Appearances are deceptive. Discuss.

Words and phrases

to use make-up to attract smb to consider smth immoral to look younger to put smb off to grow up in to be the normal thing to be good-looking to give better marks to be more likely to to have self-confidence to worry about + ing-form to improve the way you look to look more physically attractive to become a social convention a natural look a rise in cosmetics to use make-up to be popular to disguise to be horrible to give a quick glance to get affectionate



Tasks and questions

1. What do you associate with the word belief?

2. How much have your fundamental beliefs changed in the last 5/10/15 years?

3. Write your opinion: We all need something to believe in.

4. Write your definitions: altruism, atheism, capitalism, communism, fanaticism, fatalism, feminism, hedonism, materialism, optimism, pessimism, racism.

5. How superstitious are you?

6. What do you think brings good / bad luck?

7. Facts that used to be beliefs.

Words and phrases

to have their origin in primitive people rites and ceremonies to make sense of to be a connection between supernatural beings events to invent smth a guardian angel to protect smb to avert smth to revolve around the sun strange ideas



Tasks and questions

1. What is the most important decisions we have to make in our life?

2. What is the most important decision you have ever had to make in your life?

3. Dilemmas. Make your choice:

a) being extremely ugly and very intelligent, or incredibly beautiful but particularly stupid?

b) never seeing your family again, or never seeing any of your friends again?

c) having twenty exciting eventful years ahead of you, or forty fairly routine years?

d) a beautiful house but miles from anywhere or an average house near to everything you want?

e) a month in Siberia or a month in the Sahara?

f) two weeks visiting ten different towns or two weeks in one particular interesting place?

g) a life of permanently following your head or permanently following your heart?

4. How would your life have been different if you had been born of the opposite sex?

5. What would you do to resolve the following situations?

a Your English teacher has lost all interest in teaching your class. All you ever do is grammar, reading and listening exercises.

b Your family has had a grocery store for more than 50 years. Recently, a supermarket has opened 100 metres down the road.

c You are a police officer and you have just arrested a woman for stealing food from a supermarket. On the way to the police station she tells you that in the previous two weeks shes lost her purse, her dog has been run over and her sister has been involved in a car accident.

Phrases and words

to choose smth to decide to to change smth to explore a city to motivate smb to close down to reduce prices to offer discounts to attract customers to let smb go to be law-abiding to be in trouble to ask for help



Tasks and questions

1. Why do you think many modern languages borrow many words from English?

2. How do you feel about English being the universal language? Discuss advantages and disadvantages.

3. Try to convince that English is most suitable for being a world language. Remember to give examples to illustrate your points.

Words and phrases

advanced technology to adopt as the world language the number of speakers economic advantages communication to invent a language to put two words together to coin new words to squash two words into one to clip the ends of words to convert verbs into nouns cases and gender to form the plural exceptions




Tasks and questions

1. How important is family in our society?

2. What is a perfect family for you?

3. What roles should the mother and father play in a family?

4. What influence have your parents had on your life? What values have they instilled in you?

5. What differences have you noted between family life in Britain/America and family life in your own country?

6. Describe your perfect life partner in terms of starting a family.

7. Why are divorce rates constantly increasing in the Western world?

8. What is more important for you a career or a family?

Words and phrases

a family life to support smb to look after smb to expect smb to do smth to be a top priority to see an increase in smth economic factors to be a breadwinner to work on equal terms an adult to share to raise children to be accepted to grow up to take care of smb to maintain some independence to be a perfect match personal compatibility



Tasks and questions

1. Students draw quick outlines of any countries. The other students try to guess what countries they are using: I think it is . It looks like . This could / must be .

2. If you could live anywhere in the world where would it be and why?

3. What do you think are the effects of geographical location on peoples lives and personalities? Try to give examples.

4. What are the implications (advantages / disadvantages) of living: in a remote mountain village / in a desert / in a third world country / near a nuclear power station / near a river which often floods?

5. What are the problems that people face in different parts of the world? Areas to be focused on: food, shelter, defence, health, religion and death, industry and trade, entertainment.

6. What do you now about the local history of your native town / city?

Words and phrases

to settle / settlements to dwell inhabitants to grow up in open space beautiful nature to be ten minutes away to be accessible a way of living easy-going / friendly reserved



Tasks and questions

1. What do you prefer in a person and why? Put the four in order of priority: honesty / sincerity, intelligence, sense of humour, good looks.

2. Why do some people steal?

3. Try to remember situations when you behaved in a dishonest way.

4. How honest are you?

5. How can you tell that someone is lying? Why do people lie? How bad is lying?

6. Who do we lie most often to and what is it that we lie about?

7. In what situations would it be convenient to tell a white lie?

8. Practice telling white lies for the following situations:

a. Your mother buys you a revolting jumper.

b. A new friend invites you for dinner. Youre doing nothing but you dont want to go.

c. You dont like the lunch your friend is treating you to.

9. Promises are made to be broken. Discuss.

10. True or false? Explain your choice.

a. You never cheated at school.

b. More boys cheat than girls.

c. It is wrong to report on a cheat.

Words and phrases

to buy a ticket to get smb to do smth to borrow smth to promise an intention to do smth to over/undercharge smb for smth to copy books/CDs to cheat in an exam to trick smb permission to tell a lie a white lie to avoid smth to upset smb a compulsive lier to spot a lie eye-contact your voice to sound to convince smb of smth to scratch smth to be deceptive tactful to tell the truth a secret


Tasks and questions

1. Think of novel uses for the following things: TV remote control, zip, magnet, tennis racket, rubber. The grammar construction to be used: could be used +( to-infinitive / for -ing form).

2. What are your / your parents / your friends fixed ideas?

3. What do you think is immoral?

4. There is only one truth. Discuss.

5. Design the school of the future.

6. What would seem strange to a tribesman travelling to Europe? Key words: to think, things, time.

Words and phrases

to switch smth off bad memories the Bible Darwins theory to be in direct contradiction with to believe in the existence of to originate from to campaign against to be accepted scientific fact



Tasks and questions

1. Which jobs:

a. can be done by robots?

b. no longer exist?

c. require absolutely no intelligence?

d. have low salaries but high prestige?

e. require very long training?

f. will be most needed in the future?

g. are overpaid?

h. young children typically want to do?

i. can be done from home?

j. you would really hate to do?

Discuss and dispute your answers.

2. What is your concept of work?

3. Apart from school or your job what else do you consider to be work?

4. What do you think about the jobs of a housewife, actor, pop star, novelist?

5. What make people choose their future profession?

6. If you had enough money never to have to work again, what would you do instead?

7. Writing.

(a) My ideal job.

(b) A day in the life of a .

(c) How I would resolve unemployment.

8. Write a letter to the managing director of one these companies, trying to convince them to change the company policy:

a. a pharmaceutical company which tests its beauty products on animals

b. a multinational which trades with the governments of politically oppressed people

c. a company whose products can be used for military purposes

d. a fast food chain that opens restaurants in beautiful squares in the old quarters of towns

9. What are the reasons why people are dismissed?

10. How dishonest are the following situations:

a. making personal photocopies on the companys photocopier

b. lying about your qualifications at a job interview

c. a woman at a job interview who does not say that she is two months pregnant

d. phoning up to say youre ill, when youre not, to get a day off

e. taking longer breaks that are authorized

f. drinking alcohol and smoking if your company pays for your health insurance costs.

Words and phrases

easy boring tiring useful responsible to be hard work to do the same task to work long hours to involve technical work to be unfairly dismissed for to be sacked for / after unethical bahaviour to sign a contract to be allowed to



Tasks and questions

1. What can make you give your blood, your time or your money to an unknown person?

2. What birthday/wedding/Christmas gifts do you usually give to your friends?

3. What would you do in the following situations?

(a) You see a young woman attacked by two men.

(b) You find a big amount of money on your way home.

(c) You see an old lady struggling to cross the street with some heavy bags.

(d) At a party theres one more chocolate left on the plate.

(e) You run over a cat on your bike.

(f) A neighbours car alarm goes off in the middle of the night.

(g) You are driving along a country road in the dead of night. A bedraggled person of unknown sex tries to flag you down.

(h) You see someone suspicious hanging around outside a neighbours door.

(i) You see a teenager stealing some sweets from a shop.

4. Charity begins at home. Discuss.

5. Think of well-known people who do charitable work.

6. Every human being deserves a share of the worlds resources. Discuss.

7. Theres no point to give money to beggars they only spend it on alcohol.

8. What do you know about the Red Cross?

Words and phrases

to scream to manage to escape to watch transfixed to do nothing to call the police to return smth to smb to protect smb to get involved to risk being killed to care about smb/smth to be a noble altruist to ignore smb to offer smb to do smth to carry on doing smth to calm smb down to take smb to the doctor / vet to put ear plugs in to rush round to investigate to drive past to feel guilty a noble motive heartless behaviour to be motivated by pure altruism to open a house for the a volunteer / to volunteer to do smth voluntary organization to be protected by international agreement




Tasks and questions

1. List different types of love and different ways of showing love (love for ).

2. List three things you love and hate doing. Explain why.

3. Think of things that you have ever done, do or would do for love.

4. What do you think about a marriage contract? What does it include?

5. It is better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all. Discuss.

6. How important is friendship between partners?

7. Women should never make the first move, Discuss.

8. Describe different methods of meeting people you feel attracted to.

9. How is a man / a woman in love like?

10 How to find a good life partner?

12. Love is just a physical attraction. Discuss.

13. Why do some people stop loving?

Words and phrases

to be obsessed by smb to be loved up to present smb with smth to go out to be seeing smb to go on a date with smb to give up your job/career to move town to persuade smb to do smth to follow smb to say no to start / to have / to be in a relationship with smb to be available to break up with smb to be common practice to stipulate smth to sign an agreement to avoid smth



Tasks and questions

1. How different are currencies?

2. Imagine you are given $1m to be spent in a specific way. Prepare a project.

3. Say your opinion on Money makes the world go around.

4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using alternatives to money?

5. What would be the consequences of a world without money? How would it help to combat poverty?

6. What are the advantages of using a bartering system?

7. How do people get rich?

8. How does money affect and change people?

9. Say your opinion on Money is the root of all evil.

10. What will you do if:

a. someone asks you to lend them $100?

b. after one week, they havent returned your $100?

c. you win $1m in a lottery?

d. you find a wallet full of dollar?

e. you havent had a raise in salary for a long time?


11. What cant money buy?

12. What are your spending habits?

Words and phrases

notes coins to improve your town to design a dream house to start your own business to serve as smth to use smth instead of smth to offer smth in exchange to avoid smth to amass wealth to make a fortune to be worth smth to refuse to be a good / bad egg to pay back to demand to remind smb of smth to invest to give smth to charity to go on a spending spree to contact smb to hand smth in to police to pocket smth to confront your boss to bring a subject up to work your way up to a source of income



Tasks and questions

1. Write down and read out three predictions about your classmates using the future simple. The other students try to guess who the predictions might relate to.

2. Write down a few predictions for life in 1,000 years.

3. Sketch a plan of your native town/city in 50 years time.

4. Describe a day in your life five years from now.

5. Would you rather live a hundred years into the future or back into the past.

6. Do you believe in fortune-telling. What are the methods.

7. True or false:

a. I will be happier in 10 years time than I am now.

b. In 10/20 years I will have the same best friends.

c. In 10 years I will have achieved all of my most important ambitions.

d. I will still be living in the same place in five years time.

Words and phrases

racial discrimination war anger rage unhappiness to relieve to provide experience of smth space trips to ensure smth to foresee to come true to end smth to travel communication palm-reading to test a method to be likely to


Tasks and questions

1. Discuss the responsibilities of the people in the relationships listed below:

a. doctors and patients

b. teachers and students

c. celebrities and their fans

d. police and the community

e. politicians and the electorate

f. citizens and their nation

2. Which jobs demand great responsibility and why?

3. We are born responsible, we do not become responsible. Discuss.

4. We are totally responsible for what happens in our lives we should never blame other people or circumstances for our own mistakes and misfortunes. Discuss.

5. Responsibility educates. Discuss.

6. A doctor refused to treat a patient whose heavy smoking had caused his health problems. The doctor felt that money was much better spent on non-smokers whose chances of long-term survival were much greater. Justify or condemn.

7. How irresponsible are these people?

a. A mother who smokes while pregnant.

b. Parents who let their children watch pornographic and violent film.

c. Someone who drives at 220 kph on the motorway.

d. A group of people climbing on a difficult mountain despite a bad weather forecast.

e. People who leave cans, plastic bottles, bags, Styrofoam cups etc. on beaches and other places of natural beauty.

f. Someone who drinks a bottle of wine and then drives.

Words and phrases

to be responsible / accountable for in real life to be stipulated / regulated by English law the right age to have children to come home at night to act to decide on your own your actions to own a gun to drink alcohol to get a driving license to vote to buy cigarettes to be aware of smth to favour smth / -ing to steal to take smb to court to fine smb $50 to get over a problem to make amends for


Tasks and questions

1. What is the best / worst thing about school?

2. What is the funniest / saddest thing that has ever happened to you at school?

3. Who was your bet teacher?

4. Choose the most important subjects, rank them and explain your choice.

5. You are a member of the board of governors of a school. You have to cut down on expenses. Think about the consequences of your actions.

6. Try to come up with a definition of an ideal teacher.

7. What do you learn from your parents that you dont from your teachers?

8. What difference does it make for you to be taught by a male or female teacher?

9. What is the difference between having a young inexperienced teacher and an old experienced one? List the advantages and disadvantages.

10. When is your teacher wrong?

11. What subjects are the easiest and most difficult to teach?

12. Act out one of these role-plays.

(a) Child telling parents that he/shes failed an exam.

(b) Child telling parent that he/she wants to leave school and get a job.

(c) Teacher telling parent that child does not study hard enough.

(d) Teacher telling student how important studying all subjects is.

13. How effective are exams?

14. What is the best way to revise for an exam?

15. What is the funniest thing that has ever happened to you in an exam?

Words and phrases

ability to jump classes to be admitted to to teach a subject to increase to reduce to sack smb to copy down into your book to study for exams to swot smth up




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7. .. . .: Internaional Relations Publisging House, 1972. 240 .

8. . Lets keep talking: . .: , 2001. 96 .

9. Esteras S.R., Fabre E.M. Professional English in Use: For computers and the Internet. Cambridge University Press, 2007. 117 pp.

10. Frendo E., Mahoney S. English for Accounting. Oxford University Press, 2007. 65 pp.

11. MacKenzie I. Professional English in Use: Finance. Cambridge University Press, 2007. 139 pp.

12. McCarthy M., ODell F. Basic Vocabulary in Use. Cambridge University Press, 2001. 169 pp.

13. Walker R., Harding K. Tourism 2. Oxford University Press, 2007. 145 pp.






UNIT 111

UNIT 218

UNIT 3.26

UNIT 4.34

UNIT 5.42

UNIT 6.50

UNIT 7.58

UNIT 8.69

UNIT 9.77

UNIT 1086

UNIT 11100

UNIT 12109

UNIT 13116

UNIT 14127

UNIT 15137

UNIT 16144

UNIT 17151

UNIT 18157

UNIT 19165

UNIT 20177

UNIT 21186






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