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VI. Complete each sentence with a word or phrase from the text.

1. Beet is attacked by a number of the fungoid diseases and insect pests, but their incidence is seldom serious unless .

2. Beet on land that requires liming.

3. The best soil for beet is a deep free-working loam, but the crop has been grown on well-drained soils of practically all types.

4. Sugar beet is a plant closely related to the red beet.

5. Although the main object of growing beet is , the by-products, tops and pulp, are important to many growers, especially farmers.

6. Stony soils are unsatisfactory because they cause the roots

7. It is found that the sugar content is obtained when the beet is grown on land and the on peaty soil.

 

 

GRAMMAR EXERCISES

 

I. Translate into Ukrainian, paying attention to the functions of the Participle.

 

1. Sugar beet is a biennial plant growing in many countries. 2. Sugar beets are white-coloured, their average weight being about 1 lb. 3. Sugar beets have a high dry-matter content, their sugar content alone amounting to 13-20 per cent of their weight. 4. The main object of sugar-beet cultivation is the production of sugar, tops and pulp being very important by-products for dairy farms. 5. A deep free-working loam is the best soil for beets doing satisfactorily on well-drained soils of all types. 6. Owing to the infrequency of hard autumn frosts in Britain sugar beets do not require storage precautions.

II. Translate into Ukrainian, paying attention to the functions of the Gerund.

 

1. The main object of growing sugar beets is the production of sugar. 2. The by-productstops and pulp are important in dairy farming. 3. Beet cannot be grown profitably on land that requires liming. 4. In some cases ploughing may be accompanied by subsoiling. 5. A moisture supply is best secured by consolidating the surface soil with rollers both before and after sowing. 6. It is impossible to grow crops without ploughing the land. 7. Protecting roots of sugar beets is necessary in really hard weather. 8. Ploughing must be as deep as the nature of the soil permits.

 

III. Put up four questions of different types (general, special, disjunctive, alternative) to each sentence.

 

Model: Sugar beet is a biennial plant closely related to the red beet.

1) Is sugar beet a biennial plant closely related to the red beet?

2) What kind of plant is sugar beet?

3) Sugar beet is a biennial plant closely related to the red beet, isnt it?

4) Is sugar beet or potato a biennial plant closely related to the red beet?

1. Sugar beet cultivation has now extended to every country in Europe.

2. The by-products, tops and pulp, are important to many growers, especially dairy farmers.

3. The best soil for beet is a deep free-working loam.

4. Beet cannot be grown profitably on land that requires liming.

5. A full germination of the seed depends on an adequate moisture supply.

6. Beet is attacked by a number of the fungoid diseases and insect pests.

VI. Put the verbs in brackets into the appropriate form and explain the usage of that form in the sentence.

 

1. Beet (to attack) by a number of the fungoid diseases and insect pests. 2. It is found that the highest sugar content (to obtain) when the beet (to grow) on light land and the lowest on peaty soil. 3. Sugar beet cultivation (to extend) now to every country in Europe, to America, and to many other temperate countries throughout the world. 4. The crop (to grow) quite satisfactorily on well-drained soils of practically all types. 5. A full germination of the seed (to depend) on an adequate moisture supply.

V. Make the sentences of the exercise II negative.

 


UNIT 9

Wordlist

pulse crops

bean

thrive

clover

soiling

ensilage

hay

dwarf

pod

I. Read the text and answer the question: What are the best conditions for the beans growing?

PULSE CROPS

Beans

The common bean is one of the most ancient of cultivated plants.

Beans are grown to a greater or less extent1in most of the arable districts2of Britain, but they give best results when grown on stiff clay soils,3and may even fail on the lighter portions of a field. Probably the very best soils are the chalky boulder clays,(4)as the bean does best where there is plenty of lime; but the crop will not thrive unless the land be well drained. On land rich in humus the yield of grain is often disappointing,5though the weight of straw may be very great.

Beans may take the place of clover in a rotation, as, being legumes, they tend to increase the soil reserves of nitrogen.

 

II. Before the detailed full translation of the text, first, translate the words in ARIAL BLACK and find out the main idea of the text.

Peas

 

Peas are very similar in composition to beans, i.e. they contain nearly 20 per cent of digestible protein(6)and have a low fibre content.7When intended for animal food, peas may be grown either pure or in mixture with oats, and the mixed crop may be either treated as a grain crop or cut green for soiling, ensilage, or hay. Peas grown for human food are dealt with in three different ways. Firstly, any of the dwarf garden sorts can be grown in the field and be picked for market when the pods are still green and the seed still soft. Secondly, the crop may be sown and the whole material sent to a factory, either to be canned or to be preserved by "quick freezing". Thirdly, the crop may be ripened and threshed. The threshed dried peas may be cleaned, stored, and put up in packets for sale, or they may be processed in order to soften them and then canned. The best pea soil is a medium calcareous loam, but dry sandy or gravelly land is required for the production of early picking crops.

Experiments have shown that the crop responds most markedly to potash, and to phosphate only when the soil shows a marked deficiency.

 

Notes

1. to a greater or less extent ,

2. arable districts

3. stiff clay soils ()

4. chalky boulder clay

5. the yield of grain is often disappointing

6. digestible protein ,

7. a low fibre content

III. What meaning have the following word combinations in the text?

 

To be very similar, to be intended for animal food, to be grown either pure or in mixture, to be dealt with in three different ways, to be picked for market, to be canned, to be preserved, "quick freezing", to be ripened and threshed, early picking crops, to respond most markedly to potash.

 

IV. Put these questions into the correct order and answer them.

1. beans, similar, Why, peas, to, are?

2. oats, or, be, When, either, peas, mixture, grown, pure, in, with, may?

3. human, are, the, What, tree, different, of, ways, peas, using, for, food?

4. processed, threshed, How, the, may, peas, dried, be?

5. soil, What, best, is, the, pea?

6. markedly, to, the, Which, does, pea, fertilizer, crop, respond?

V. Translate into Ukrainian and write questions about the underlined information.

 

1. The common bean is one of the most ancient of cultivated plants. 2. Beans give better results on stiff clay soils. 3. On lighter clay soils this crop may even fail. 4. The best soils for growing beans are the chalky boulder clays. 5. The bean does best on soils, which are rich in lime. 6. The yield of beans is often lower on land rich in humus though the weight of straw may be very great. 7. Peas contain as much digestible protein as beans. 8. The best pea soil is a medium calcareous loam. 9. Peas respond most markedly to potash. 10. The soil where beans are grown is richer in nitrogen than other soils.

VI. Decide if these statements are true or false. Quote from the passage to support your decisions.

1. Beans give best results when grown on sandy soils,and may even fail on the heavier portions of a field.

2. The beans crop will thrive until the land is well drained.

3. Beans tend to decrease the soil reserves of nitrogen.

4. The fresh green peas may be cleaned, stored, and put up in packets for sale, or they may be processed in order to soften them and then canned.

5. Wet clay or peat land is required for the production of early picking crops.

 

GRAMMAR EXERCISES

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