Task 26. Make up a plan of the text “HEAD-HUNTING” in writing.
Task 27. Write about the difference between recruitment and head-hunting in 5-7 sentences.
Task 28. Reduce Text 1 to 150 words in writing, saving the main ideas of it.
Task 29. Skim the text “JOB HUNTING” to subtitle each paragraph of it.
Task 30. Scan the text to find word combinations with the word “job”. Translate the sentences containing them.
Task 31. Scan the text to find the English equivalents to the following word combinations:безпосередня мета, отримати роботу, вакантне місце, роботодавець, методи реклами та пошуку.
Task 32. Read the text to answer the following questions. Translate your answers into Ukrainian.
· What is the aim of job hunting?
· What are the common methods of job hunting?
· What is the next step after finding a position you would like to work at?
· What are the main requirements to the resume?
· When does the turn of the interview come?
· What is the difference between job hunting nowadays and the one in the past?
Text 2. JOB HUNTING
Job hunting is the act of looking for employment. It is also known as job seeking. The immediate goal of job seeking is usually to obtain a job interview with an employer which may lead to getting hired. The job hunter or seeker typically first looks for job vacancies or employment opportunities. Depending on the branch different methods of advertising and finding may be used. Traditional jobs such as mechanics or craftsman developed different ways than for example the IT branch. Common methods of job hunting are: using a job search engine (a website which facilitates job hunting); looking through the classifieds, i.e. classified advertisements, in newspapers; using an employment agency or recruiter; finding a job through a friend. Even if your friends have no influential connections or can’t assist you in employment at the present moment, let them know that you are seeking a new job. A worthy position may turn up in a week’s time. And during this week you are to conquer the net, newspapers and recruiting agencies.
After finding a desirable job, one should then apply for the job by responding to the advertisement. This may mean e-mailing or mailing in a hard copy of your résumé to a prospective employer or to a job consultant agency. Different employers have different ways and means of the application form.
One can also go and hand out résumé or Curriculum Vitae to prospective employers. Another recommended method of job hunting is to use the so called cold-calling to companies that one desires to work for and inquire whether there is any job vacancy.
There is no one correct way to write a résumé but it is generally recommended that it be brief, organised and concise. With certain occupations, such as for example graphic design portfolios of a job seeker's previous work are essential and are evaluated as much, if not more than the person's résumé.
Once an employer has received your and other résumés, they will make a short list of potential employees to be interviewed based on the résumé and any other information contributed. During the interview process, interviewers generally look for people who they believe will be best for the job and work environment. The interview may occur in several rounds until the interviewer is satisfied and offers the job to the applicant of their choice.
Nowadays job hunting includes applying to companies outside the home town and sometimes maybe even outside the country. Flexibility is one of the main criteria for job applicants. Personal skills as well as personal appearance are more important than any time before. In earlier times jobs were static with certain duties and responsibilities without interconnection to other jobs, departments or companies. Nowadays this interconnection between different fields of work within a company or sometimes between different companies in different countries result in increasing requirements to every employee which are usually tested during the process of the job interviews and the noviciate.
The time factor is also very important. Nowadays it is important to apply to the right job with the right application and at the right time as job applications analysis is a hard work for the companies. They have to review, sort out, invite, make arrangements upon and for a job applicant and his/her interview. Saving their time and respectively their money may be the first step into a successful job application.
Task 33. Translate the sentences into English:
1.Дуже часто відбір починається з аплікаційної форми. 2. Якщо Вас запросили на інтерв’ю, значить, Ваша аплікаційна форма або резюме викликали зацікавлення та були відібрані серед інших. 3. Портфоліо – це Ваша візитна картка для працедавця і чим краще воно буде складене, тим успішнішим і швидшим буде Ваш пошук. 4. Кожна фірма має свої вимоги до кандидатів і власні критерії оцінювання. 5. Залежно від сфери діяльності компанії використовуються різні методи реклами вакансій і, відповідно, їхнього пошуку. 6. Не існує єдиного способу написання резюме, але відомо, що воно повинно бути стислим, лаконічним та добре структурованим. 7. Одним із методів пошуку роботи є повідомлення знайомих і друзів про це. 8. Інтерв’ю може складатися з кількох етапів, під час яких здійснюється відбір. 9. Сьогодні пошук роботи дуже часто ведеться за межами рідного міста, а інколи й країни. 10. Гнучкість – одна з найважливіших характеристик сучасного кандидата на більшість посад. 11. Тести стають невід'ємною частиною відбору на роботу. 12. Під час інтерв’ю працедавці шукають кандидата, який найкраще підходитиме на певну посаду, а також у певне робоче середовище. 13. Дуже важливо, щоб галузь, у якій Ви працюєте, відповідала Вашому стилю життя та Вашій особистості. 14. Практично в кожній фірмі кандидати перед працевлаштуванням проходять випробувальний термін. 15. Заощадження часу, а, отже, і коштів працедавця, може бути першим кроком до успіху.
Task 34. Think over and then write for half an hour on one of the following issues:
A.Do you agree or disagree with the statement: the fact that a manager is headhunted is the evidence of his/her high qualification?Support your answer with arguments.
B.Do you agree or disagree with the statement: to be a headhunter contradicts to business ethics?Support your answer with arguments.
C.Do you agree or disagree with the statement: good preparation for a job interview will guarantee an applicant getting the job he/she wants?Support your answer with arguments.
DEVELOPING SPEAKING SKILLS
Task 35. Having read the material of the unit, how would you answer the questions:
· What does the process of head-hunting imply and would you like to be headhunted? Why (not)?
· What traits of character does a head-hunter have to possess, in your opinion?
· Which methods of job hunting are the most effective ones, in your opinion? Which of them would you use? Explain your choice.
Task 36. Choose any of the dialogues offered below. Reproduce them with a partner. Change the roles. Single out the major ideas and be ready to report them to the group.
Task 37. Work with a partner and complete the following dialogues. Act them out:
Task 38. Role plays.
A.Work in pairs. One of you is a manager in a company which deals with executive search, the second student is a senior manager of the profitable company which is interested in becoming a client of the company in order to find new executives. Here are the main ideas of the search company Client’s Bill of Rights:
· The executive search firm provides you with an accurate and candid assessment of its capabilities to perform your search.
· The executive search firm tells you who will conduct the search.
· The executive search firm provides a high-level consultative relationship.
· The executive search firm holds your information in strict confidentiality.
· The executive search firm demonstrates a clear understanding of the position, the company and the objectives of the search.
· The executive search firm provides you with regular, detailed status reports on the progress of the search.
· The executive search firm presents qualified candidates who fit the position and the culture of your organisation.
· The executive search firm helps you negotiate with the final candidate, representing both parties with skill, integrity and a high degree of professionalism.
· The executive search firm provides you with a clear understanding of its replacement policy and other unusual situations that may arise during and after the search.
· The executive search firm provides you with a reasonable level of follow-through after you have hired the candidate.
As you want to become a client of the company you want to find out more about it, as well as about the Code of Ethics.
The following words and word combinations might be useful for you: professionalism, integrity, competence, objectivity, accuracy, conflicts of interest, confidentiality, loyalty, equal opportunities, public interest.
B.Consider the following items on your own and then discuss your decisions in groups of four or five people: