Ex. 1. Translate into English.

To enter the university, to study law, to graduate from the university, to become a good specialist, to include, to prepare for seminars and practical classes, to be disciplined and executive, officers and privates, to perform the duty, to inspect the guard.

Ex. 2. Complete the sentences.

1. The daily program at the university includes: .

2. The daily routine starts with the command .

3. After classes the students and go to the canteen to have dinner.

4. At 9.30 the students form up for the .

5. The detail for the guard consists of: .

6. A tour of duty consists of a system of .

7. is to perform the duties of thecommander of the guard.

8. inspects the guard and sentinels at least once between midnight and the daytime and he visits the .

9. The students go to bed with the command .


Ex. 3. Give the proper definition for:

drill a)to protect someone or something from

being attacked orstolen

to guard b) a plan which shows who must do which

jobs and when they must do them

lawyer c) to include the things that are needed

for a particular purpose

duty rosterd) someone whose job is to understand the law

and deal with legal situations

to be equippede)when soldiers do training for marching

Ex. 4. Answer the questions:

1. What course do you study at? Where?

2. What will be your future profession?

3. What does the daily program include?

4. At what time do you get up? Why?

5. How many classes do you usually have? How much time do they last?

6. What do the students do after the lessons?

7. How do you spend your time during the self-preparation?

8. When do you go to bed?

9. Why is the interior guard duty so important for future officers?

10. How are the students detailed for the guard? What are their duties?

11. What are the powers of the senior of the guard and the officer of the day?

12. When does a new guard relieve the old one?

Ex. 5. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian. Underline the modal verbs.

1. Only the detective could find the criminals in order to prove the boys innocence.

2. The policeman ordered that everybody must leave the house.

3. I think I ought to inform the police about this accident.

4. You neednt trouble yourself.

5. May I use your telephone?

6. I had to come here incognito to avoid publicity.

7. We are to have a lecture and two seminars tomorrow.

8. How can I get to the city center?

9. You will have to come here again.

10. An investigator must be very attentive.

Ex. 6. Put the right modal verbs.

must need may have to to be able to should can could ought to

1. My aunt is in trouble, thats why I to help her. 2. I speak two foreign languages. 3. All students attend classes. 4. I do this work tomorrow? 5. The tourists will to reach the village before the dark if they are in a hurry. 6. Which of your friends play chess? 7. I meet her at the station, but I had no opportunity. 8. This girl know the truth. She saw what has happened. 9. I have a toothache, I go to the doctor. 10. You brush your teeth every morning. 11. I interrupt you in order to tell the latest news? 12. I help you? 13. Its too late. We to go home. 14. You not to close the door. 15. I ask you a question? 16. you give me your book, please?

Ex. 7. Translate into English.

1. .

2. ?

3. .

4. , .

5. ?

6. ѳ , .

7. , .

8. .

Ex. 8. Translate the sentences into Russian. Underline the Continuous Tenses.

1. Listen! The telephone is ringing.

2. The policeman was checking the documents when somebody knocked at the door.

3. At this time tomorrow they will be leaving for Kiev.

4. The students are making projects in the library now.

5. The boys broke the window when they were playing football.

6. The police will be searching for the criminals.

7. Do you realise what you are saying?

8. I am translating the article now.

9. Look, the suspect is entering the shop.

10. The officers will be questioning the witnesses at 8 p.m. tomorrow.

Ex. 9. Open the brackets. Use Present Continuous or Present Simple.

1. They (to want) to publish this book in summer.

2. I (to attend) English classes every week.

3. What she (to talk) about right now?

4. You (to want) to see the prosecutor?

5. I (to have) no time, I (to have) dinner.

6. He (to understand) that he (to speak) loudly, but he always (to forget) about it.

7. I (not to work) in my office now.

8. I (to sit) in the waiting room at the doctors now.

9. She (to think) he (to drive) dangerously.

10. The moon (to go) round the earth.

Ex. 10. Open the brackets. Use Past Continuous (I was doing) or Past Simple (I did).

1. Mary_____ (fell) off the ladder while she ______(paint) the ceiling.

2. I _____(see) Carol at the party. She _____(wear) a very beautiful dress.

3. Sam_____(make) a picture of me while I _____(not/look).

4. What ____(you/do) at this time the day before yesterday.

5. ______(you/watch) television when I phoned you.

6. Last night I ____(read) the book when suddenly I ____(hear) a scream.

7. We____(not/go) out because it_____(rain).

8. She ____(not/drive) fast when the accident_____(happen).

9. Tom _____(wait) for me when I ____(come) to the station.

10. He ____(translate) when somebody_____(knock) at the door.

Ex. 11. Open the brackets. Use Future Continuous or Future Simple.

1. You (to play) tennis tomorrow?

2. When I return home tomorrow, my family (to have) supper.

3. What you (to do) at 9 oclock the day after tomorrow?

4. When you (to visit) your friends next time?

5. Tomorrow I (to begin) doing my hometask as soon as I come from the university. I (to do) it from 3 till 5.

6. Dont come to me the day after tomorrow. I (to write) an article the whole day.

7. This time next week I (to sit) in the office.

8. The investigator (to question) the suspects in an hour.

9. My parents (to meet) me tomorrow.

10. When I graduate from the university, I (to get) the bachelors degree.


Ex. 12. Translate into English.

1. . 2. ? . 3. , . 4. . 5. .


Ex. 13. Questions on the topic: "My Working Day".

1. Where do you study?

2. What course do you study at?

3. What is your future profession?

4.How do you usually start your working day?

4. How much time does it take you to get to the university?

5. How many classes do you usually have during a day?

6. What do you do after classes?

7. Are you engaged in the social life of university? How?

8. When and where do you prepare your hometask?

9. How do you spend your free time in the evening?

10. At what time do you go to bed?




  Text: State structure of Ukraine.
  Grammar:Present, Past Perfect Tenses. The Passive Voice (simple tenses).

State Structure of Ukraine

The Constitution establishes the countrys political system. Ukraine is a sovereign and independent, democratic, social, legalstate. It is a unitary, not a federal state with single citizenship. Ukraine is a republic. The people are the only source of power which is exercised through the bodies of state power and local self-government.

The Constitution outlines the structure of the national government and specifies its powers and duties. Under the Constitution the powers of the government are divided into three branches the legislative, the executive and the judicial.

The only body of the legislative power in Ukraine is parliament the Supreme Rada (the Verkhovna Rada). It consists of 450 peoples deputies, who are electedfor a term of four years on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage bysecret ballot. The Supreme Radas main function is making laws. The Supreme Rada adopts the State Budget for the period from January 1 to December 31 and controls the execution of it.

The President of Ukraine is the head of the state and speaks on behalf of it. He is elected directly by the voters for a term of five years with no more than two full terms. The President is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of Ukraine and is responsible for relations between Ukraine and other powers.

The highest body of the executive power is the Cabinet of Ministers. It is responsible to the President and is accountable to the Supreme Rada. The Cabinet is headed by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the President and approved by the Supreme Rada. The Cabinet carries out domestic and foreign policy of the state, develops and fulfills national programs on the economic, scientific and technological, social and cultural development of Ukraine.

Justice in Ukraine is exercised entirely by courts. It is administered by the Constitutional Court and by courts of general jurisdiction. The Supreme Court of Ukraine is the highest juridical body of general jurisdiction.


sovereign -  
independent -  
independence -  
legal - ,  
citizen -  
citizenship -  
powers and duties -  
source of power -  
government -  
legislative -  
executive -  
judicial -  
to elect (election) - ()  
to vote - ()  
suffrage -  
secret ballot -  
to make laws -  
Commander-in-Chief -  
the State Budget -  
to speak on behalf of -  
to be responsible for (... to ) - ( )  
to carry out - ,  
  domestic (home) policy -
foreign policy -  
to develop - ,  
justice - ,  
jurisdiction - ,  
Constitutional court -  
the Supreme court -  
court of general jurisdiction -  


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