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Ex. 1. Read and translate the following words into Ukrainian.

Constitution, political, system, democratic, sovereign, social, unitary, federal, republic, structure, national, parliament, secret, function, committee, budget, period, control, president, commander, cabinet, minister, national, program, economic, technological, cultural.

 

Ex. 2. Form the nouns from the following verbs.

To develop, to govern, to establish, to appoint, to perform, to elect, to adopt, to recognise, to execute, to constitute, to relate.

Ex. 3. Give the corresponding adjectives.

Policy, independence, importance, economy, democracy, society, nation, science, technology, culture, execution, legislation, constitution, federation.

 

Ex. 4. Translate the words given in brackets.

1. Ukraine is democratic, (), social, unitary, (), (), not a federal state ( ).

2. The Supreme Rada is ( ) in Ukraine.

3. The main function of the the Supreme Rada is ( ).

4. ( ) are held every five years by ().

5. ( ) are held every four years on the basis of direct, () and universal ( ).

6. The peoples deputies are elected by ( ).

7. The Supreme Rada adopts ( ).

8. The President ( ) relations with other countries.

9. The Cabinet carries out ( ) of the state.

10. ( ) is exercised entirely by ( ).

 

Ex. 5. Complete the sentences.

1. Ukraine is.................................................................................................

2. The Constitution establishes.................................................

3. The powers of the state government are divided into three branches..........................................................................

4. The legislative body in Ukraine is....................................

5. Peoples deputies are elected for a term of................................................................................................

6. The main function of the Supreme Rada is.................................................................................................

7. The President is elected by...................................................

8. The President is.......................................................................

9. The highest body of the executive power is.................................................................................................

10. The Cabinet of Ministers carries out....................................

11. Justice in Ukraine is administrated by................................

12. The highest juridical body is................................................

Ex. 6. Agree or disagree with the following statements.

1. Ukraine is a sovereign, independent, democratic, social, legal, not a federal state.

2. The powers of the government are divided into the legislative and the judicial branches.

3. The President is the head of the state and the head of the executive branch of the government.

4. The only body of the legislative power is the Supreme Court.

5. The main function of the Supreme Rada in Ukraine is making laws.

6. The Cabinet of Ministers is responsible to the President.

7. The highest body of the executive power is the Cabinet of Ministers.

8. The Cabinet of Ministers is responsible for the relations between Ukraine and other countries.

9. The Parliament carries out domestic and foreign policy.

10. The Supreme Court is the highest juridical body of general jurisdiction.

Ex. 7. Translate the sentences into Russian. Pay attention to the use of the Perfect Tenses.

1. Some states in the USA have established state bureaus of identification for criminal identification and investigation.

2. When the states attorney has finished his direct examination of the witness, the defendants attorney may then cross-examine the witness upon any matter.

3. The monarchy has been in existence for over thousand years.

4. By the end of January the British Parliament had adopted the State Budget of the country.

5. The investigator has already gathered sufficient evidence and listened testimony of that case.

6. Each state in the USA has established system of courts, including state supreme court.

7. By 1959 fifty states had entered the federation of the USA.

 

Ex. 8. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative. Translate them.

Model:I have already told you the whole story!

Have you told me the whole story yet?

I have not told you the whole story yet.

1. I have already read all titles.

2. I have just questioned three witnesses and have got some useful information.

3. By the end of last week they had resolved the dispute at last.

4. He has just disarmed him!

5. They had passed three property laws before going on holiday.

6. The police have found stolen things.

7. After the policeman had explained me everything I realized his fault.

 

Ex. 9. Choose the correct form (Present Perfect or Past Indefinite).

1. The students (to finish) the work already.

2. The students (to finish) the work the day before yesterday.

3. I (to see) my school friend since last year.

4. I (to see) my school friend last year.

5. The manager just (to go) away.

6. The manager (to go) away five minutes ago.

Ex. 10. Open the brackets and choose the right adverbs.

1. Police have found the band of gangsters (already, yesterday).

2. The Queen will summon the Parliament (next week, by the end of the week).

3. (Recently, last year) the Cabinet of Ministers has discussed the national programmes on economic, scientific and social development of Ukraine.

4. (Just, every day) police officers patrol the highways.

5. The Parliament adopted some new Bills (two days ago, just).

 

Ex. 11. Open the brackets and put the right forms of the verbs.

1. I often (to see) him last year. But I (not to see) him this year yet.

2. My friend (to prepare) for exam in History of state and law at this moment. He already (to pass) examination in criminalistics. We usually (to take) three or four exams every term.

3. The students (to like) to read detective stories. I just (to take) an interesting book in the library. I (to read) it from 6 till 10 p. m. tomorrow.

4. I (to go) to Kiev next week. I never (to be) there.

5. The Prime Minister already (to appoint) new members of the Cabinet. Next week the Cabinet of Ministers (to develop) the national programs from 9 till 12 oclock. The Cabinet of Ministers (to consider) matters on national, scientific and economic development of the nation every year.

 

Ex. 12. Make the following interrogative and negative. Translate them.

1. The name Ukraine is connected with the word Ukraine which originally meant borderland.

2. Ukraines independence was declared in 1991.

3. Ukraine is situated in south-eastern part of Central Europe.

4. Admission to the university will be given to people who have successfully completed secondary education.

5. Justice in Ukraine is exercised entirely by courts.

Ex. 13. Change the following sentences into Passive.

1. The President heads the state.

2. The Supreme Radas Committees performed law drafting work.

3. The President will appoint the Cabinet of Ministers next week.

4. The Supreme Rada adopts the State Budget.

5. The deputies elect the leader of the the Supreme Rada.

6. They did not adopt the resolution yesterday.

7. The teacher will examine the students next month.

Ex. 14. Transform from Passive into Active.

1. The new powers of the Government will be formed by the legislative, the executive and the judicial branches.

2. Home and foreign policy of Ukraine is carried out by the Cabinet of Ministers.

3. Justice in Ukraine is exercised entirely by courts.

4. Justice in Ukraine is administrated by courts of general jurisdiction.

5. National programs were developed by the Cabinet of Ministers.

6. The country is governed by the President on behalf of its people.

 

Ex. 15. Answer the questions.

1. What kind of state is Ukraine? What is its political statues?

2. What branches are the powers of the national government divided into?

3. What is the legislative body of Ukraine?

4. How many peoples deputies are elected into the Supreme Rada according to the Constitution?

5. What term are peoples deputies elected for? How are they elected?

6. What is the main function of the Supreme Rada?

7. How is the President elected?

8. What are the main powers and duties of the President?

9. What is the highest body of the executive power?

10. Who is the Cabinet of Ministers headed by?

11. Who is the Prime Minister appointed by?

12. What policy does the Cabinet of Ministers carry out?

13. What is justice in Ukraine administrated by?

14. What is the highest juridical body of general jurisdiction?

Ex. 16. Speak on the following topics.

1. Political system of Ukraine.

2. The Supreme Rada.

3. The President of Ukraine.

4. The Cabinet of Ministers.

 

MODULE2

UNIT2

  Text: Political system of Great Britain.
  Grammar: Future Perfect Tense. Passive Voice (continuous tenses).

 

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