Ex. 2. Choose the synonyms from the box.

country offence forcible drug washing band area fight









state ___________________________

Ex. 3. Complete the sentences:

1.The Militia of Ukraine

2.Recruitment to Militia

3.The activity of Militia

4. Militia structurally

5. One of the main educational establishments

a) is done on a voluntary basis

b) is a part of the MIA of Ukraine

c) is the National Academy of Internal Affairs of Ukraine

d) is regulated by legislative and departmental documents

e) is the state armed agency of the executive power

Ex 4. Find the English equivalents in the text:

  • , ,

Ex 5. Mark the meaning in which the following words are used in the text. Choose the right letter:

a) state armed agency of the executive power

Militia b)force of the civilians trained as soldiers of regular


a)person who offends against the law

Criminal b)person who commits a crime

a)special place for pedestrians, riders, vehicles

Traffic b)movement of people and vehicles along the road

a)actions performed to help or benefit people

Service b)department of branch of public work, government,


Ex. 6. Translate the words in the box and complete the sentences:

, , , ,


1.The history of Militia shows that it was designed ____________________________________________________

2.The Militia protects the people from different____________________________________________

3._______________________ are securing human rights, prevention of violent crimes, protection of business activity, etc.

4.________________________________ is the subdivision of Criminal Militia.

5.The Militia is the state armed agency of the ____________________________________________________

Ex. 7. Answer the questions to the text Militia of Ukraine:

1. Is the Militia of Ukraine structurally a part of the MIA?

2. What is the staff of militia composed of?

3. At what age is the recruitment to militia done?

4. What is militia in accordance with the Ukrainian legislation?

5. What are the main tasks of militia?

6. In what subdivision of militia do you want to work?

7. Is Ukraine a member of Interpol?

8. The activity of militia is regulated by legislative and departmental documents, isnt it?


Ex. 8. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian. Pay attention to the usage of Imperative:

1. Give your son this book. Let him read it.

2. Ask captain Black this difficult question. Let him answer it.

3. Meet lieutenant at the station, please. Let him come here together with his friend.

4. Dont go to the sea-side now. Let us remain at home till five.

5. Perform your duties sergeant White.

6. Help the victim. Investigate the crime.

Ex. 9. Fill in the gaps with the proper verbs in Imperative:

Model: the book! Will you the book, please!

Open the book! Will you open the book, please!

to read, to send, to take, to find, to meet, to close, to write, to give

1. .the text! Will youthe text, please! 2. a fax! Will you a fax, please! 4. a diskette! Will you a diskette, please! 5. the manager! Would you the manager, please! 6. the book! Would you the book, please! 7. an exercise! Will you this exercise, please! 8. Mary this note-book! Will you Mary this note-book, please!

Ex. 10. Use the Subjunctive Mood as in the example:

Model:If the sun shining, I would lie in the sun.

Were the sun shining, I would lie in the sun.

1. If I had anything to tell you, I would tell you. 2. If I were not sure of positive results, I wouldnt start this business. 3. If this article were simple, I wouldnt have so many questions. 4. If this man had any experience in psychology, he would help us. 5. If he werent such an egoist, he would understand people better. 6. If he werent so hungry, he wouldnt be nervous.

Ex. 11. Fill in the gaps with the proper verbs. Pay attention to the usage of Subjunstive Mood. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian:

1. If I any experience in this field, I you advice (to have, to give). 2. If I a fever, I a medicine (to have, to take). 3. If he hungry, he to a restaurant (to be, to go). 4. If I my colleaues phone number, I him on his birthday (to remember, to congratulate). 5. If this man not so nervous, he a success (to be, to have). 6. If this suit not dirty, he it on (to be, to put). 7. If I angry with you, I you like this ( to be, not + to treat). 8. If she so often, she by her colleaugues (not + lie, to trust) 9. If I anything negative about these people, it no difference for me ( to get to know, to make). 10. If the child for permission to use the computer, he to do it ( to ask, to allow). 11. This young man writes as if he a real writer (to be). 12. They treat us in such a way as if we the real criminals (to be). 13. You are asking me such questions as if you me at all (not + trust).




  Text: British Police System.
  Grammar: Infinitive. Gerund.


There are 155 different police forces in Britain. Each of these forces is a separate body, independent of the others, and each operates only within its own area, under the command of its Chief Constable, and is administrated by its own local police authority.

Police is an agency of a community or government that is responsible for maintaining public order and preventing anddetecting crime.

Police forces are composed of police officers. Police officers have the same rates of pay and the same conditions of service, and all are subject to the same code of discipline. Each of them takes the same personal oath of loyalty to the Crown and has the same power and authority under the law. Regular police officers usually serve for 25 years or more and then retire.

There is a hierarchy of ranks with regular grades of subordination chief constables, superintendents, inspectors, sergeants and constables.

A constable has many powers and duties: he alone can arrest persons found committing certain offencesand he can arrest on suspicion in certain circumstances, then he must under certain statutes accept an offender and bring him before a magistrate.

In matters of organisation and operation there is a little difference between one police force and another. Each police force has its own headquarters, in which the Chief Constable, his deputy and his staff work. All Chief Constables have common background of police work and a practical knowledge of police matters and problems.

Outside the headquarters, the police area is usually divided into territorial divisions, each under a senior officer. Namely here the performance of duties is arranged and reports of the offices on duty are received and considered. Below the divisional headquarters are the police stations, which form the first point of contact with the public.


police force - ,
police officer - ;
constable - , ,
sergeant -
superintendant -
chief constable - ( )
authority -
to maintain public order -
to detect crime -
rates of pay - ,
conditions of service -
code of discipline - ()
oath of loyalty -
to serve -
to retire -
hierarchy of ranks -
subordination - ,
to commit a crime (an offence) - ()
to arrest on suspicion -
circumstances -
to accept - ,
magistrate - ,
headquarters - -;
deputy - ,
staff - ,
background of police work -
territorial division -
senior officer -
report -
police station -

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