Ex. 1. Read the words and find Ukrainian equivalents.

Criminal investigator, to collect facts, to accomplish a threefold aim, to present evidence, investigation process, physical evidence, to interrogate the suspect, to interview a witness, company records, experienced investigator, conscientious citizens, former criminals, psychological insight, crime detection, physical violence, logics, method, microscopy, photography, analyses, criminalistics.


Ex. 2. Add the necessary words into the sentences.

1. A criminal investigator is

2. The investigation process includes:

3. The investigation will be considered successful if the available was completely handled, the witnesses intelligently , the effectively interrogated.

4. Information means

5. Interrogation includes

6. Instrumentation is

7. Criminalistics means

8. The investigation may be divided into three phases:

Ex. 3. Derive nouns from the following verbs.

To apply, to identify, to divide, to punish, to imprison, to develop, to locate, to prevent, to define, to present, to report, to investigate, to interrogate, to collect, to accomplish, to interview, to detect.


Ex 4. Find the English equivalents in the text:

Ex. 5. Give the proper definition for:

investigator a) the person or people who are accused of a crime in a

court of law

informant b) smb. who may have commited a crime

suspect c)smb. who tries to discover all the facts about something,

especially as their job

witness d)information that is given or objects that are shown in a

court of law to help to prove if someone has commited a


accused e) smb. who gives information to someone

evidence f) smb. who sees an accident or crime

Ex. 6. Answer the following questions.

1. Who is a criminal investigator?

2. What does the investigation process include?

3. When will the investigation be considered successful?

4. What does information mean?

5. What types of information do you know?

6. What is interrogation?

7. What does instrumentation include?

8. What does the success of interrogation depend on?

9. What is instrumentation?

10. What physical sciences are important for crime detection?

11. How many phases may the investigation be divided into? What are they?

Ex. 7. WORD STUDY: translate the pairs of sentences and explain the difference in the meanings of the following words. Decide from the context what the word could mean, then make your own examples.


Accident / incident

a. A bomb exploded in a department store but no one was killed in the incident.

b. Her father was killed in a car accident.

Matter / case

a. This piece of land is the main matter of dispute.

b. Have you ever dealt with carriage cases?

c. It is a matter of a few hours.

Crime / offence

a. This act of terrorism is considered as a crime against humanity.

b. Most prosecutions for crime are brought by police.

c. I think it is a real offence against the law.

d. Offences may be classified either felonies or misdemeanors.

Proof / evidence

a. This evidence is reliable and can be admissible.

b. This requires no proof.

c. The words of this passer-by need to be proved.

d. Evidence consists of testimony, documentary evidence, real evidence and, when admissible, hearsay evidence.

Inguiry / investigation

a. The investigator has made inquiries about the suspects.

b. An inquiry into a death, the cause of which was unknown, was conducted by a coroner.

c. Who is responsible for the results of the investigation?

Scene / place

a. There is no place like home.

b. What place do you come from?

c. The scene is laid in France.

d. It was striking scene.

Ex. 8. Complete the gaps with the words given below. Use a dictionary where necessary.

theft fine pleaded fingerprint found handcuff evidence arrest cell witnesses sentence oath investigate magistrate charge detained court

A policeman was sent to (a) the disappearance of some property from a hotel. When he arrived, he found that the hotel staff had caught a boy in one of the rooms with a camera and some cash. When the policeman tried to (b) the boy, he became violent and the policeman had to (c) him. At the police station the boy could not give a satisfactory explanation for his actions and the police decided to (d) him with (e) of the camera and cash. They took his (f) , locked him in a (g) , and (h) him overnight. The next morning he appeared in (i) before the (j) . He took an (k) and (1) not guilty. Two (m) the owner of the property and a member of the hotel staff, gave (n) . After both sides of the case had been heard, the boy was (o) guilty. He had to pay a (p) of £50 and he was given a (q) of three months in prison suspended for two years.


Ex. 9. Paraphrase the following sentences, use Complex Object as in an example.

Model: He was reading in his room. She saw him.

She saw him reading in his room.


She dropped her bag. I saw it.

I saw her drop her bag.

1. We saw Tom. He was crossing the road. 2. She bent and picked up something from the floor. The policemen saw it. 3. They were talking about the murder. He heard them. 4. We noticed a group of people. They were searching for the missing girl. 5. We saw that the criminal escaped through the window. 6. You and your cousin were walking along the street yesterday. I saw you. 7. My friend saw him. He pointed to a man in the car. 8. We saw our neighbour. He was listening to the latest news on the radio.

Ex. 10. Paraphrase the following sentences, use Complex Subject as in an example.

Model: It appeared that they had lost the way.

They appeared to have lost the way.

1. It seems they know all about the accident. 2. It seems those men have heard all about the burglary. 3. It seemed that the house had not been lived in for a long time. 4. It appeared that I was present at the crime scene. 5. It turned out that my prediction was correct. 6. It so happened that I overheard their conversation. 7. It appeared he was loosing patience. 8. It seemed that the discussion was coming to an end.

Ex.11. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian. Pay attention to the usage of Complex Subject and Complex Object.

1. He is supposed to be innocent of the crime.

2. I heard him screaming.

3. The terrorist was announced to have been killed by his own bomb.

4. Nobody noticed him come in and sit down.

5. Innocent people were announced to have been murdered by robbers.

6. She heard somebody walk up to her door.

7. He is considered to be the most famous detective in the world.

8. She felt her hands tremble.

9. She is said to investigate this crime.

10. The witneses were supposed to come on time and give evidence.



  Topic: Terrorism.
  Grammar: Phrasal verbs.


The Definition of Terrorism

In recent years people have confronted such world-wide phenomenon as terrorism. Nowadays the term terror is identified with fear and threat, explosions and hijacks. The main meaning of the word terror is extreme fear and the main principle of terrorists is Kill one, frighten ten thousand. Terrorism is an unlawful, premeditated, motivated use of threat or violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets to achieve political, economical or religious demands and aims. It creates the atmosphere of fear and panic, strong public reaction. Terrorists are minorities unable to get their way by lawful means and they try to get it by violence and intimidation. They believe that it is morally to use illegal means to promote their own purposes and they are freedom fighters.

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