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INDEFINITE TENSES (ACTIVE VOICE)

I. The Use of Indefinite Tenses.

v The Present Indefinite is used:

1) to express a recurrent or permanent action in the present;

e.g. He lives in Kiev with his mother. ³ .

2) to express an action or state which does not refer to any particular time;

e.g. Sugar dissolves in water.

.

3) to express a planned future action mostly with verbs denoting motion ( to go, to come, to leave, to start, to arrive).

e.g. I leave Moscow tomorrow. .

v The Past Indefinite is used:

1)to express a single or permanent action which took place in the past;

e.g. I sawyou in the street yesterday.

.

2) to express a succession of past actions;

e.g. I dressed,wentdownstairs, had , some tea and left for work , .

v The Future Indefinite is used to express a single, permanent

or recurrent action in the future.

e.g. Hell work abroad next year. .

II. The Formation of Indefinite Tenses.

Present Past Future  
usually, often, always, seldom, hardly ever, occasionally yesterday, ago, last , the other day, in 1998 tomorrow, next , in two days  
+ ?/- + ?/- + ?/-  
I we you V they     do/dont + V   Ved (V2)   did/didnt + V will (shall)+ V   will (shall) / wont (shant)+ V  
    will + V     will/wont+V  
he she Vs it   does/doesnt + V  

EXERCISES

1.Use the verbs in brackets in the Present, Past or Future Indefinite.

A.

1.Richard (to walk) to school. 2.We (to live) in that house. 3.My father (to work) in the garden. 4.The train (to stop) at the station. 5.The pencils (to lie) on the table. 6.I (to play) with my dog. 7.They (to help) their mother. 8.I (not to drink) coffee every day. 9.The baby (to sleep) after dinner? 10.My grandmother (to work )? 11.My brother (not to like work) in the garden. 12.Your sister (to study) at an institute? 13.The sun (shine) and the birds (sing) in spring. 14.My mother (not make) usually cakes on Mondays.

B.

1.I (to go) to bed at ten oclock every day. 2.I (to go) to bed at ten oclock yesterday. 3.My brother (to wash) his face every morning. 4.Yesterday she (to get up) at a quarter past seven. 5.My mother always (to take) a bus to get to work, but yesterday she (not to take) a bus. She (to walk) to her office. 6.You (to talk) to the members of your family every day? - Yes, I . But yesterday I (not to talk) to them, I (to be) very busy. 7.You (to go) to England last year? - No, I.. . Last year I (to go) to the USA. 8.My friend (to know) Spanish very well.

C.

1.I (to play) chess tomorrow. 2.Kate (to go) to the university tomorrow. 3.You (to come) to my place next Sunday? 4.You (to read) this book next week? 5.I (not to see) him tomorrow. 6.What you (to do) next month? 7.What your friend (to do) tomorrow? 8.Where you (to go) next summer? 9.She (to dance) tonight? 10.He (to go) to the theatre next Sunday.11.Where she (to go) in three days? 12.They (not to take) care of the garden next summer.

2.Take the appropriate form of the verb below.

1.Do you often books in the library? 2.This student a lot of mistakes in the tasks. 3.They . . . often rest at the seaside, they in the mountains. 4.They the road every year. 5.We near the road, the traffic too much noise. 6.Cuckoos nests. 7.In summer I my sun-glasses. 8.My father the tickets in advance. 9.Do they always lottery tickets ? 10.I him. 11.He his car and often it. 12.He always about something else.

1.borrow, borrowed, borrowd; 2.make, makes, maked; 3.doesnt rest, didnt rest, dont rest; / rested, rest, rests; 4.repair, repaired, repairs; 5.live, lived, lives; / make, makes, maked; 6.dont build, built, doesnt build; 7.wear, wears, weared; 8.doesnt book, dont book, dont booked; 9.buy, buys, dont buy; 10.dont remember; didnt remembered, doesnt remember; 11.likes, like, liket; / polish, polishes, polishet; 12.think, thinks, thinkes

3.Write the past of these verbs:

1.get - got 5.pay - 9.do -

2.eat - 6.make - 10.put -

3.take - 7.work - 11.cut -

4.think - 8.hear - 12.read -

4.Complete these sentences with the verb in the negative.

M O D E L:I saw John but I didnt see Mary.

1.They worked on Monday but they on Tuesday. 2.We went to the shop but we to the market. 3.She had a pen but she any paper. 4.Jack did French at school but he German. 5.I met my friend at the theatre but I his wife.

5.Write questions with Did

M O D E L: I watched TV last night. And you ? Did you watch TV last night?

1.I enjoyed the party. And you ?___________________

2.I had a good holiday. And you?___________________

3.I got up early this morning. And you?_______________

4.I slept well last night. And you ?___________________

5.I went to the Crimea in summer. And you ?___________

6.Write questions with Who/What/How/Why

M O D E L: I met my former school-mate. Whom did you meet?

1.Harry arrived at 7p.m What time Harry ?

2.I watched a film on TV. What you ?

3.Peter went home early. When ?

4.We had dinner an hour ago. When ?

5.The house cost a lot of money. How much ?

7.Complete the sentences. Use one of these verbs in the past.

clean finish happen smoke start want watch

M O D E L:Yesterday evening I watched television.

1.I ___ my teeth three times yesterday. 2.Bernard __ 6 cigarettes yesterday evening. 3.The concert ___ at 7.30 and __ at 10 oclock last night. 4.The accident __ last Sunday afternoon. 5.When I was a child I __ to be a doctor.

8.Translate into English

1.ϳ . ³ . ϒ . . ϳ , . ³ . ³ . ϳ . 2. , . 3. , . 4. , ? 5. . 6. , ? 7. . 8.³ . 9. . 10. ? 11. ? 12. ij . 13. ? 14. , 43 . 15. . 16. ? 17. , . 18.³ .

TOPIC

Topical Vocabulary

1.Remember the following words and word combinations:

aspiration to cognition hence to be essential precious to be on the safe side to spare oneself the trouble of. to settle ones business destination to be on move for a number of reasons to feel like returning home ,

2.Read and translate paying attention to the active words and word combinations.

TRAVELLING

Travelling is one of the things which allows people to satisfy their natural aspiration to cognition of the surrounding world. Modern life is impossible without travelling. Some people travel on business, some do it for pleasure and some just look for adventures. True, we often get tired of the same surroundings and daily routine. Hence some relaxation is essential to restore our mental and physical resources. That is why the best place for relaxation, in my opinion, is the one where you have never been before. It will leave a deep and lasting impression upon you and it is a guarantee that you will enjoy your journey. Moreover, modern means of travelling allow us to cover long distances without any difficulties and to save our precious time.

To understand how true it is youve got to go to a railway station, a sea or a river port or an airport. There you are most likely to see hundreds of people hurrying to board a train, a ship or a plane.

To be on the safe side and to spare yourself the trouble of standing long hours in the line, youd better book tickets beforehand. As a matter of fact, all you have to do is to ring up the airport or the railway station booking office and they will send your ticket to your place. And, of course, before getting off you have to make your preparations. You should settle all your business and visit your friends and relatives. On the eve of your departure you should pack your things in a suitcase. When the day of your departure comes you call a taxi and go to the airport or the railway station.

At last you are on your way to the destination and can escape and get rid of the same and completely annoyed surroundings. So you get a chance to have a pleasant rest especially if you have a pretty penny about you. All the world is at your disposal and you can head anywhere you want. While being on move you can get acquainted with new people, make friends with them, get some new cultural and life experience, admire the beauty of nature and just enjoy being somewhere but not at home.

For a number of reasons it is important for us to rest after hard work, but after some period of time we get tired of relaxation, we become home-sick and feel like returning home. We realize that "East or West-home is best , as the saying goes.

3.Answer the questions.

1.Why do people travel?

2.What is the best place for relaxation?

3.What means of travelling are there nowadays?

4.How can you get the tickets if you want to travel ?

5.What preparations do you have to do before the departure ?

6.Why is it important for us to rest ?

4.Find the synonyms.

a) to allow 1) to travel

b) cognition 2) rest

c) to look for 3) knowledge

d) relaxation 4) to arrange

e) to restore 5) a lot of money

f) precious 6) to queue

g) to stand in the line 7) valuable

h) a pretty penny 8) to reconstruct

i) to be on move 9) to let

j) to settle ones business 10) to search

5. Fill in the gaps with the words below.

Many people like as it gives them the possibility to satisfy their natural to cognition of the surrounding . True, we often get tired of routine and do our best to our mental and physical . We can get to the place we want by a car, train, plane or by . To be on the safe side and to spare yourself the trouble of standing long in the line, youd better tickets . If you dont want a train or a plane you can call a . All the world is at your , admire the beauty of nature and every minute of your . But in some time you become and realize that East or West home is best.

(daily; world; sea; resources; aspiration; book; taxi, homesick; travelling; restore; rest; hours; enjoy; to miss; disposal; beforehand)

6.In each line there is one noun which does not go with the verb. Which one?

1)to drive a car, a plane, a train, a bus

2)to ride a bike, a boat, a horse, a camel

3)to get on / off a car, a plane, a horse, a train

4)to go by bus, foot, car, helicopter

5)to get into / out of a motorbike, a taxi, a car, a lorry

7.You can use the following adjectives to describe different means of transport:

reliable noisy cheap healthy fast quiet safe slow dangerous comfortable expensive  

 

Means of transport Advantages Disadvantages
train    
car    
bus    
ship    
airplane    

8.Speak about advantages and disadvantages of different means of transport.

9.Write a composition Travelling in my life.

READING

Text A. A Letter to a Friend .

1.Read and translate the text.

Dear Victor, 23rd June 2003 .

Im very sorry I couldnt write to you last week, because I was very busy. At last Ive taken my Literature examination and Im quite free. When my wife takes her last exam next week, well go to Yalta for a holiday. I hope we shall have a good time there. You know how we love the sea. We are going to swim, lie on the beach, and sunbathe two or three hours a day. You write that you cant forget the holiday which we spent there two years ago. I cant forget it either. Im awfully sorry you will not be able to go with us this year.

When are you going to have your holiday? Is your wifes health still poor? I hope that she will soon be all right. How long do you intend to stay in the country? Is there a river and a wood there?

Ill be back early in August in order not to miss my mothers birthday. She will be sixty on the tenth of August, you know.

I think Ill be able to go to see you some time at the end of the month.

I shall be very glad to hear from you before we leave.

Love to you all,

Boris.

2.Write a letter to your friend about your last summer holidays.

Text B. Adventure Holidays

What kind of holidays do you prefer? Exciting and adventurous holidays or peaceful and relaxing holidays?

1.Where would you like to spend your holidays?

a) around the world; b) in a tourist village; c)in the country;

2.Do you like sports that are ?

a) a little violent; b)based on strength and ability; c) unusual;

3.Would you like to set sail on

a)a big sailboat; b) a submarine; c)a fast liner;

4.Would you like to go

a) looking for sharks in the ocean; b) fishing at night with a net; c) sailing on a boat.

5.When you go to the seaside, do you prefer to

a) go fishing among the reefs; b) run on the sand; c) read a nice book;

6.If a hang glider trainer invites you for a free lesson, would you

a) accept enthusiastically; b) like to accept it but with hesitation; c)refuse the invitation;

7.When you watch an Indian Jones film, do you

a)dreams about accomplishing heroic enterprises like the protagonist; b) watch it because it is interesting; c)get bored;

8.Do you think that taking along a tent on a holiday is

a) exciting; b) nice only in an organized camping trip; c)troublesome;

9.If you happen to cross a forest, would you cross it

a)on foot; b)in a canoe on the river; c) flying above on a plane;

10.Which of these means of transport do you prefer?

a) the Concorder ; b) a Ferrari; c) the Orient Express ;

11.What do you like best about mountains?

a) the possibility of doing mounting climbing; b) the scenery; c) silence;

12.Which of the following words reminds you of holidays?

a) freedom; b) enjoyment; c) going for a walk;

PROFILE

You score 3 points if you tick A , 2 points if you tick B and 1 point if you tick C. Add up the points and then read your profile.

Above 42 points Adventures: Holidays, for you, mean looking for adventure without organizing or planning before. You are rich in enthusiasm and curiosity. In short, you are made for a trip that is far from daily routine. You want to hunt for an unknown, undiscovered place, to make new friends and to gain new experience.

From 25 to 42 points Imaginative: You possess a good dose of adventurous spirit and a good deal of courage, but you dont like to get into trouble. You are quite enthusiastic about inventing hundreds of adventurous ideas. You should leave your text books and worries behind and use your imaginative quality to make new friends and to enjoy yourself.

Less than 25 points - Peaceful: You are a calm type. For you, an ideal holiday is sitting under a beach umbrella or relaxing under a tree in the silence of the countryside. Adventurous activities dont attract you. Holidays, for you, should be a way to do sports and exercises and to meet new people.

TALKING POINTS

1. Read, learn and act.

-Hello, I havent seen you for ages. Where have you been?

-I have been to the Crimea. I had a good time at the seaside. The weather was beautiful, so I spent a lot of time swimming, sunburning. What about you?

-I spent the time in the country helping my grandparents about the house. And sometimes my friends and I went to the forest to gather berries and mushrooms. We were walking along the fields enjoying the fresh air and the beauty of the landscape.

-Surely, your grandparents were very glad to see you.

-Of course, they always wait for me. Where are you going now?

-I am going shopping now. Will you join me?

-With pleasure.

2.Make up your own dialogues about your holidays.

UNIT 2

Grammar: Continuous (Progressive) Tenses Active Topic:Travelling by Train Reading:Text. Mistaken Identity Talking Points

GRAMMAR

CONTINUOUS TENSES

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