Solutions from around the world

Different countries have different ways of reducing traffic. Tick the ones that you think are good ideas.

In Britain, the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution has asked the government to increase the price of petrol.

In Paris, France, when the pollution is really bad the underground, buses and trains are really free.

In Bern, Switzerland, drivers have to get a permit to park in the city. This has reduced traffic in the city by 15 per cent since 1992.

In Toronto, Canada, Highway 407 uses cameras to read car registration numbers. Then computers charge drivers for the number of kilometres they travel on the highway.

In Singapore, car drivers have to pay to enter the city. There is also a limit on the number of new cars every year.

In Cuba, not many people can afford to own a car. People who are on their own in a car have to stop and take passengers.

In the Netherlands, there isnt such a big problem with traffic as in other countries. This is because every town and city has plenty of cycle lanes, so people travel on bicycles much more.


technology status in your opinion motorway design pedestrian subway parking space accident free charge highway cycle lane

2.Say what new you have learnt from the text

Text B. Driving Tests.

1.Read and translate.

Young vicar

passes driving test

after 632 lessons

over 17 years

Vicar Peter Newman is celebrating success he has finally passed his driving test. He has been learning to drive for the past 17 years, and he has had a total of 632 lessons.

Peter, 34, has spent over 9000 pounds on tuition, he has had eight different instructors, and he has crashed his car five times. Then, one week ago he changed to an automatic car and he passed his test immediately. He said last night, Ive been praying for a driving-licence for over half my life, and at last my prayers have been answered.

Peter, of St Andrews Church, Repton in Nottinghamshire, began driving at the age of 17.

It was in the country, he said, and I was doing quite well until one morning, in a narrow lane, I saw a tractor coming towards me. I panicked and drove into a ten-foot hedge.

Peter said, My big problem was confusing the clutch and the brake. I was absolutely hopeless. My instructors have been telling me for years that I would never pass, but I was determined to prove them wrong. Many of them have turned grey because of me!

The turning-point came when Peter tried an automatic, and took his test again for the fifty-sixth time.

He said, When I was told Id passed, I went down on my knees and thanked God.

So how has he been celebrating? Ive been visiting all my relatives and people who live in the remote villages around here. I havent seen some of them for years because I havent been able to get to them. Now I can go anywhere!

2.Answer the questions.

-Why is Peter celebrating?

-Was it easy?

-What helped him to pass his test?

-What was his first accident?

-What was his big problem with driving?

-What has happened to his instructors? Why?

-Why hasnt he seen some of his relatives for so long?

3.Here are the answers to some questions. Write the questions using he. They all contain either the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous.

1.Seventeen years. (How long has he ?)

2.632. (How many ?)

3.Over 9000 pounds. (How much ?)

4.Eight. (How many ?)

5.Five times. (How many times ?)

6.For over half his life. (How long ?)

7.That he would never pass. (What ?)

8.Fifty-six times. (How many ?)

9.By visiting relatives and people in the remote villages. (How ?)

4.Tell about your own driving experience and driving test. (If you dont drive a car tell about your friends experience).


1.Look through the following topical words:

a driver of long standing to trace the fault plugs engine battery brakes petrol gauge pick-up

2.Read, translate and dramatise the following dialogues:


Traveller: Hi. Id like to rent a car for a week.

Agent: What kind would you like?

Traveller: A compact.

Agent: May I see your drivers license?

Traveller: Will my international license do?

Agent: Sure. Just fill out this form. Write your address here, and sign your name on the bottom of the page. Unlimited mileage and the mandatory collision insurance are included.

Traveller: Do I have to return the car to this location?

Agent: No, you can drop it off at any of our local branches.

Traveller: The keys are in the car?

Agent: Yes. Our complimentary bus to the parking lot is through the door to your right.

Traveller: Great!


-Which of the routes is the best here?

-Take that one. It is the shortest and it is much better than the other one.

-How long will it take me to get to N.?

-No more than an hour. Be extra careful as the highway is slippery and the traffic here is very heavy.

-Thank you very much.


-Fill it up, please. High-test gasoline.

-All right. Shall I check the oil?

-Please do. Check the water in the battery too.

-Its half full. Ill fill it up.

-How much do I owe you?



-John, I know you are a driver of long standing.

-So what?

-I want you to have a look at my car.

-Whats wrong with your car?

-I cant trace the fault.

-All right. When did you have your plugs checked?

-Let me see Yes, it was last Tuesday.

-Is the carburettor in order?

-I think so. The engine is misfiring

-I guess the battery has run down. It needs recharging.

-Too bad.

-Dont get upset about it. They will have the battery recharged in no time.

-Are you sure about it?

-The other day I had the brakes adjusted. They did it in no time.

-Well, John, I must have run out of gas. Look at the petrol gauge. The tank is empty.

-So we have traced the fault.


-What do you think of my new car?

-Its a beauty. I like the colour. It is modern.

-I am glad you like it.

-May I try it?

-Go ahead.

-The engine runs very smoothly. The pick-up is excellent. How much did it cost?

-Its top secret.

3.Translate the following dialogues:


- ?

-The one on your right.

- ?

-Of course. There will be two.

- ?

-You will see a very good hotel with a restaurant.

- .

-Dont mention it.


-The brakes are too slack. I want to have them adjusted.

-. ?

-The steering wheel is slack too.

- . ?

-No, Ive got a blow-out. Have the tyre changed.

- .


- ?

-Yes. I bought my first car ten years ago.

- , .

-Whats wrong with your car?

- , .

-Is the carburettor in order?

-, .

-Have a look at the petrol gauge.

- . !


- ?

-The plugs are misfiring. They ought to be cleaned.

- ?

-The consumption of gas is terrible. The car eats up gas.

- . , .

-Ill follow your advice.


4.Read and translate the table:

Talking about journey time, distance, speed and prices

Journey time How long does it take by car? (It takes) nine days. How longdoes it take by train? Five hours. How long does it take on foot? Its a five-minute walk/drive/flight.   Distance How far is it? Its 2,500 miles away. How faris your University from your home? Ten kilometres. Speed How fast can you drive? Fifty-five miles per hour. (mph) Ninety kilometres an hour. (km/h) Prices How muchis petrol? (Its) $2 a gallon. How much does petrol cost? (It costs) 25 cents a litre. How much are hotel rooms? $25 perperson pernight. How muchdo hotel rooms cost?

a) Imagine these are the correct answers to questions about your country. Write the questions, using How long or How far.

1.An hour. 5.Two weeks.

2.500 kilometres. 6.Its three kilometres away.

3.Half an hour. 7.Ten hours.

4.20 kilometres. 8.Its a ten-minute drive.


1.An hour. How long does it take to get from to by car?

2.500 kilometres How far is it from ... to ?

b) Write six questions about speed and prices in your country.

How fast can you drive in town?

How much does it cost to fly from to ?

c) Make up mini-dialogues using the table above.



Grammar:Continuous, Perfect, Perfect Continuous Tenses (comparison) Topic:Travelling by Sea Reading:Text. A Sea Story Talking Points


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